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The buried arch structural system for underground structures

Hernandez-Montes, Enrique    (University of Granada, Campus de Fuentenueva   ); Aschheim, Mark    (Civil Engineering Department, Santa Clara University   ); Gil-Martin, Luisa Maria    (University of Granada, Campus de Fuentenueva  );
  • 초록

    In many cases, underground structures are built using conventional above-grade structural systems to carry gravity load. This paper proposes the use of underground arches, termed "buried arches", to support gravity loads, wherein the horizontal thrust of the arch is equilibrated by soil pressure. Because the horizontal soil pressure increases with depth, the depth of the arch may be reduced as the depth below grade increases. Critical to the success of such an approach is a proper accounting of creep and shrinkage for arches made of reinforced concrete. This paper addresses the influence of equilibrium, creep, and shrinkage as they affect the design of the arch from a theoretical perspective. Several examples illustrate the use of buried arches for the design of underground parking structures.


  • 주제어

    reinforced concrete .   arches .   creep .   shrinkage .   underground structures.  

  • 참고문헌 (8)

    1. Gil-Martin, L.M., Hernandez-Montes, E. and De la Fuente-Martin. (2001), 'Simplified transverse seismic analysis of buried structures', Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 21(8), 735-740 
    2. CIRIA Report 104 (1991), Design of Retaining Walls Embedded in Stiff Clays, Construction Industry Research and Information Association. London 
    3. Eurocode 2 (1991), Design of Concrete Structures. Part 1-1.: General Rules and Rules for Buildings, European Committee for Standarization, Bruxelles, Belgium 
    4. Krauthammer, T. and Puglisi, R.D. (1992), 'Simplified analysis of buried reinforced-concrete arches under simulated nuclear loads', Comput. Struct., 43(6), 1029-1039 
    5. Leonard, J.W. (1988), Tension Structures. Mc-Graw Hill, New York 
    6. McGrath, T.J. and Mastroianni, E.P. (2002), 'Finite-element modelling of reinforced concrete arch under live load', Design of Structures 2002. Transportation Research Record (1814), 203-210 
    7. Yurkevich Engineering Bureau (1999), Underground Parking-garage in the Revolution Square in Moscow: from Technical Proposal to Realization of the Project, 'Tunel 8, Rochnik No 1. (English version available from http://www.yurkevich.ru/pdf_publications/Rs_eng.pdf or http://www.yurkevich.ru/index-e.html) 
    8. Chai, Y.H. and Kunnath, S.K. (2003), 'Geometry of submerged funicular arches in Cartesian coordinates', J. Struct. Eng., 129(8), 1087-1092 

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