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韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition. v.38 no.6, 2005년, pp.455 - 464   피인용횟수: 18

학령 전 아동에서 식습관과 신체발달에 관한 연구
Study on the Eating Habits and Growth Development in Korean Preschool Children

신경옥   (경희대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과UU0001575  ); 유유영   (경희대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과UU0001575  ); 박현서   (경희대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과UU0001575  );
  • 초록

    The study was designed to observe the correlation between the eating habits and growth development in 1,574 children (3-6 years old) in Kyunggi-do and Seoul, Korea. The eating habits and nutrient intake were determined by mini dietary assessment and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). 35.6% children had been practicing an unbalanced diets. Children with unbalanced diet consumed less amount of protein source foods (meat, fish, egg, soy products), vegetables and fruits and had irregular meal time, but more of them preferred sweet foods (ice creme, cookies) and carbonated drinks as snack compared with children in balanced diet. 24-35% children consumed energy, iron (Fe), calcium (Ca), Niacin, Zinc (Zn) less than 75% RDA. Energy intake of children with unbalanced diet was not significantly different from those with balanced diet, but they consumed less amount of niacin, Fe, Ca and Zn than those with balanced diet. By using the relative percentage of standard weight-length-index (WLI), 65.7% children was normal weight, 12.9% was underweight, 13.4% was overweight and 7.9% was obese. However, 11.9% of underweight and normal weight children was so called thin obese since their body fat content was greater than 20%. There were 16.8% underweight in children with unbalanced diet and 12.6% underweight in those with balanced diet. Compared to normal weight, the underweight children significantly consumed less amount of milk and its product, high protein foods, fried foods and fruits, but obese children consumed more high protein source foods (meat, fish, egg, etc) and sweet foods. In conclusion, the eating habits of unbalanced meal was prevalent problem in preschool children which resulting in their health risks. Therefore, it would be needed that new approach for nutrition education to improve eating habits in preschoolers.


  • 주제어

    preschool children .   unbalanced diet .   underweight .   overweight .   body fat.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (18)

    1. Kim, Hye-Kyung ; Kim, Jin-Hee 2006. "A Preliminary Study on Nutrition Education for Preschool Children in Day-Care Center - Dietary Habit and Nutrition Knowledge -" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 35(7): 866~873     
    2. Kim, Jin-Yi ; Han, Young-Shin ; Bae, Hyun-Sook ; Ahn, Hong-Seok 2006. "Dietary Intakes and Serum Lipids and Iron Indices in Obese Children" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 11(5): 575~586     
    3. Lee, Hyun-Ok 2006. "A Study on Improvement of Food Habits Program for Preschool Children(I) - Based on Food Habits and Eating Behavior -" 한국식품영양학회지 = The Korean journal of food and nutrition, 19(4): 343~351     
    4. Oh Yu-Jin ; Chang Yu-Kyung 2006. "Children's Unbalanced Diet and Parents' Attitudes" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 39(2): 184~191     
    5. Yu, Kyeong-Hee 2007. "A Study on the Nutrient Intakes and Zinc Nutritional Status of Preschool Children in Ulsan" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 40(4): 385~394     
    6. 2007. "" Nutrition research and practice, 1(2): 120~125     
    7. Seo, Ju-Young ; Lee, In-Sook ; Choi, Bong-Soon 2008. "Food habit and Nutrient Intake in Preschool Children -Daegu and its Environs-" 韓國食生活文化學會誌 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture, 23(6): 793~800     
    8. 2008. "" Nutrition research and practice, 2(3): 178~183     
    9. Yu, Kyeong-Hee 2009. "A Study on the Dietary Behaviors, Physical Development and Nutrient Intakes in Preschool Children" 韓國營養學會誌 = The Korean journal of nutrition., 42(1): 23~37     
    10. Kim, Kyung-Hee 2009. "Effects of Weight Control Program on Food Habits, Eating Behaviors and Life Habits in Obese Elementary School Children" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 14(5): 509~520     
    11. Seo, Ju-Young ; Lee, In-Sook ; Choi, Bong-Soon 2009. "Study of Food Intakes and Eating Patterns among Preschool Children in Daegu Area - Assessment of Dietary Pattern and Dietary Diversity -" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 14(5): 521~530     
    12. Seo, Ju-Young ; Lee, In-Sook ; Choi, Bong-Soon 2009. "Study of Food Intakes and Eating Patterns among Preschool Children in Daegu Area - Nutrient Intakes and Dietary Habits Associated with Body Weight Status -" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 14(6): 710~721     
    13. Kim, Jan-Di ; Cho, Mi-Sook 2009. "Food Behavior and Growth of Cerebral Palsy Children - A Study for the Development of Snack" 한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, 38(4): 451~461     
    14. Seo, Joo-Young ; Choi, Bong-Soon ; Lee, In-Sook 2010. "Effects of Nutritional Education Featuring Cooking Activities on Preschool Children in the Daegu Area: Food Habits and Dietary Attitudes" 東아시아食生活學會誌 = Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 20(5): 794~801     
    15. Kim, Kyung Hee 2010. "Food Habits, Eating Behaviors and Food Frequency by Gender and among Seoul and Other Regions in Upper-Grade Elementary School Children" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 15(2): 180~190     
    16. Lim, Jae-Yeon ; Na, Hye-Bock 2011. "Effects of a Health Education Program for Elementary School Children in Gyeonggi-do Rural Area" 대한지역사회영양학회지 = Korean journal of community nutrition, 16(1): 1~13     
    17. Woo, Tae-Jung ; Ji, Youn-Jeong ; Lee, Kyung-Hea 2011. "Development and Educational Effect of Nutrition Education Workbook for Improvement of Child Picky Eaters - Focused on 2nd and 3rd Graders -" 대한영양사협회 학술지 = Journal of the Korean dietetic association, 17(2): 130~141     
    18. Choi, Kyung Eun ; Sim, Ki Hyeon 2013. "A Survey on the Dietary Life Status of Group Home Children and Adolescents in Seoul Region" 한국식품조리과학회지 = Korean Journal of Food & Cookery Science, 29(5): 511~523     

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