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메탄/공기 층류 부분예혼합화염의 상세 라디칼(OH*, CH* 그리고 C2*) 정보와 배기매출물에 관한 실험적 연구
Detailed Local Chemiluminescence Measurement (OH*, CH* and C2*) and Nitrogen Oxides Emissions in Laminar Partially Premixed CH4/Air Flames

정용기   (부산대학교 대학원 기계공학과UU0000613  ); 오정석   (부산대학교 대학원 기계공학과UU0000613  ); 전충환   (부산대학교 기계공학부, 기계기술연구소UU0000613  ); 장영준   (부산대학교 기계공학부UU0000613  );
  • 초록

    An experimental study was performed to investigate the effects of partially premixing, varying the equivalence ratios from $0.79{\sim}{\infty}$ , on NOx emissions and chemiluminescence of excited $OH^{\ast},\;CH^{ast}\;C_2^{\ast}$ radicals in laminar partially premixed flames. the signal from the electronically excited state of $OH^{\ast},\;CH^{ast}\;C_2^{\ast}$ was detected through a band pass filter with a photo multiplier tube, which are processed to the intensity ratio ( $C_2^{\ast}/CH^{\ast},\;C_2^{\ast}/OH^{\ast},\;and\;CH^{\ast}/OH^{\ast}$ ) to reveal the correlation with local equivalence ratio. And measurements of NOx emission were made to investigate the relationship between visible flame appearance, chemiluminescence, and EINOX. The results demonstrated that (1) the flames at ${\phi} exhibited classical double flame structure, at ${\phi}>4.76$ , the flames exhibited diffusion flame structure, and the intermediate flames at $1.59 was a merged flame, (2) the $OH^{\ast}$ peak was located inside the $CH^{\ast}\;and\;C_2^{\ast}$ radical for all measured conditions and the emission intensity ratio of $C_2^{\ast}/CH^{\ast}\;and\;C_2^{\ast}/OH^{\ast}$ were identified as good marker for local equivalence ratio over a range of ${\phi}=0.79{\sim}1.2\;and\;CH^{\ast}/OH^{\ast}\;is\;0.79 . However, it was difficult to predict the equivalence ratio in partially premixed flames using this system for ${\phi}>2.38$ , (3) the minimum NOX emission index (EINOx) is obtained for a equivalence ratio of 3.19 in the intermediate flames.


  • 주제어

    부분예혼합화염 .   화염구조 .   자발광 .   질소산화물 배기배출지수.  

  • 참고문헌 (15)

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    2. Kim, T. K., Alder, B. J., Laurendeau, N. M. and Gore, J. P., 1995, 'Exhaust and In-Situ Measurements of Nitric Oxide for Laminar Partially Premixed $C_2H_6-Air$ Flames: Effect of Premixing Level at Constant Fuel Flowrate,' Combust. Sci. and Tech., Vols. 110-111, pp. 361-378 
    3. Kojima, J., Ikeda, Y. and Nakajima, T., 2000, 'Spatially Resolved Measurement of $OH^*,\;CH^*,\;and\;C_2^*$ Chemiluminescence in the Reaction Zone of Laminar Methane/Air Premixed Flames,' Prog. Combust. Inst. 28, pp. 1757-1764 
    4. Ikeda, Y., Kojima, J., Nakajima, T., Akamatsu, F. and Katsuki, M., 2000, 'Measurement of the Local Flamefront Structure of Turbulent Premixed Flames by Local Chemiluminescence,' Prog. Combust. Inst. 28, pp. 343-350 
    5. Docquier, N., Belhalfaoui, S., Lacas, F., Darabia, N. and Rolon, C., 2000, 'Experimental and Numerical Study of Chemiluminescence in Methane/Air High-Pressure Flames for Active Control Applications,' Prog. Combust. Inst. 28, pp. 343-350 
    6. Aleiferis, P. G., Hardalupas, Y., Taylor, A. M. K. P., Ishii, K. and Urata, Y., 2004, 'Flame Chemiluminescence Studies of Cyclic Combustion Variations and Air-to-Fuel Ratio of the Reacting Mixture in a Lean-Burn Stratified-Charge Spark-Ignition Engine,' Comb. and Flame, Vol. 136, pp. 72-90 
    7. Muruganaadarn, T. M., Kim, B., Olsen, R., Patel, M., Romig, B. and Seitzman, J. M., 2003, 'Chemiluminescence Based Sensors for Turbine Engines,' 39th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit, 2003-4490 
    8. Lee, S. Y., Seo, S., Broda, J. C. and Santoro, R. J., 2000, 'An Experimental Estimation of Mean Reaction Rate and Flame Structure during Combustion Instability in a Lean Premixed Gas Turbine Combustor,' Prog. Combust. Inst. 28, pp. 775-782 
    9. Heberle, N. H., Smith, G. P., Jeffries, J. B., Crosley, D. R. and Dible, R. W., 2000, 'Simultaneous Laser-Induced Fluorescence and Rayleigh Scattering Measurements of Structure in Partially Premixed Flame,' Appl. Phys., B 71, pp. 733-740 
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    11. Higgins, B., McQuary, M. Q., Lacas, F., Rolon, J. C., Darabiha, N. and Candel, S., 2001, 'Systemic Measurements of OH Chemiluminescence for Fuel-Lean, High-Pressure, Premixed, Laminar Flames,' Fuel, Vol. 80, pp. 67-74 
    12. Higgins, B., McQuary, M. Q., Lacas, F. and Candel, S., 2001, 'An Experimental Study on the Effect of Pressure and Strain Rate on CH Chemiluminescence of Premixed Fuel-Lean Methane/air Flames,' Fuel, Vol. 80, pp. 67-74 
    13. Lyle, K. H., Tseng, L. K., Gore, J. P. and Laurendeau, N. M., 1999, 'A Study of Pollutant Emission Characteristics of Partially Premixed Turbulent Jet Flames, Comb. and Flame, Vol. 116, pp. 627-639' 
    14. Driscoll, J. F., Chen, R. H. and Yoon, Y. B., 1992, 'Nitric Oxide Levels of Turbulent Jet Diffusion Flames : Effects of Residence Time and Damkohler Number,' Comb. and Flame, Vol. 88, pp. 37-49 
    15. Turns, S. R., and Myer, F. H., 1991, 'Oxides of Nitrogen Emission from Turbulent Jet Flames: Part I -Fuel Effects and Flame Radiation,' Comb. and Flame, Vol. 87, pp. 319-335 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

    1. Cho, Bong-Kug ; Choi, Do-Wook ; Kim, Gyu-Bo ; Chang, Young-June ; Song, Ju-Hun ; Jeon, Chung-Hwan 2009. "Effect of the Degree of Fuel-Air Mixing and Equivalence Ratio on the NOx Emission and Heat Release in a Dump Combustor" 大韓機械學會論文集. Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers. B. B, 33(9): 658~665     
    2. Park, Jang-Hee ; Lee, Dae-Keun ; Shin, Hyun-Dong 2010. "Experimental Study on the Effect of Flame Surface Area Fluctuation on the Heat Release Fluctuation in a Premixed Bunsen Flame" 大韓機械學會論文集. Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers. B. B, 34(2): 197~202     
    3. Lee, Young-Jun ; Hwang, Min-Young ; Kim, Gyu-Bo ; Song, Ju-Hun ; Chang, Young-June ; Jeon, Chung-Hwan 2010. "Effect of Nozzle Distance and Angle in the Iron-ore Sintering Dual Burner on Flame Characteristics" 에너지공학 = Journal of energy engineering, 19(3): 163~170     

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