본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Journal of plant biology = 식물학회지 v.48 no.1, 2005년, pp.64 - 84   피인용횟수: 1

Morpho-Anatomical Responses of Trigonella foenum graecum Linn. to Induced Cadmium and Lead Stress

Ahmad Syed Hilal    (Department of Botany, University of Kashmir   ); Reshi Zafar    (Department of Botany, University of Kashmir   ); Ahmad Javed    (Department of Botany, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar   ); Iqbal Muhammad    (Department of Botany, Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard Nagar  );
  • 초록

    Effect of different concentrations of cadmium $(0,\;5,\;15,\;30,\;50,\;100,\;200{\mu}g/g\;of\;soil)$ and lead $(0,\;25,\;50,\;100,\;200\;{\mu}g/g\;of\;soil)$ on morphological and anatomical features of Trigonella foenum graecum Linn. was studied at pre-flowering, flowering and post flowering stages. Morphological attributes, like number of leaves per plant, total leaf area of the plant and single leaf area, dry mass of stem, root and leaf, length of shoot, root and plant, size of stomata and stomatal pore, and the density of stomata on both epidermises were significantly reduced under metal stress at all the developmental stages. Trichome length on both epidermises increased while their density decreased under metal stress. Under cadmium stress, proportion of pith and vasculature decreased but cortex increased in the stem. Under lead stress, proportion of pith and vasculature increased but cortex decreased in the stem. In the root, proportion of vasculature and pith increased and cortex decreased in response to both cadmium and lead stresses. Dimensions of vessel element and xylem fibre in the wood of stem and root decreased under the cadmium and lead stresses. Decrease in density of vessel element in the stem and root with advancement of age was more pronounced in plants grown under cadmium and lead stresses.


  • 참고문헌 (72)

    1. Ali, ST (1998) Sulphur dioxide induced changes in the growth pattern of Psoralea corylifolia Linn. at different stages of development. PhD. thesis, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi 
    2. Barcelo J, Poschenrieder C (1990) Plant water relations as affected by heavy metal stress: A review. J Plant Nutr 13: 1-37 
    3. Barcelo J, Vazquez MD, Poschenrieder C (1988) Cadmium induced structural and ultrastructural changes in the vascular system of bush bean stems. Bot Acta 101: 254-261 
    4. Bazzaz FA, Rolfe GL, Carlson RW (1974) Effect of cadmium on photosynthesis and transpiration of excised leaves of corn and sunflower. Plant Physiol 32: 373-376 
    5. Costa G, Spitz E (1997) Influence of cadmium on soluble carbohydrates, free amino acids, protein content of in vitro cultured Lupinus albus. Plant Sci 128: 131-140 
    6. Garg KK, Varshney CK (1980) Effects of air pollution on leaf epidermis at the submicroscope level. Experientia 36: 1364-1368 
    7. Iqbal M, Ahmad Z, Kabeer I, Mahmooduzzafar, Kaleemullah (1986a) Stem anatomy of Datura innoxia Mill in relation to coal smoke pollution. J Sci Res 8: 103-105 
    8. Iqbal M, Mahmooduzzafar K, Ahmad Z (1986b) A plant grows under the stress of environmental pollution. Res J Plant Environ 3: 5-7 
    9. John MK, van Laerhoven CJ (1972) Lead uptake by lettuce and oats as affected by lime, nitrogen, and sources of lead. J Environ Qual 1: 169-71 
    10. Lamoreaux RJ, Chaney WR (1977) Growth and water movement in silver maple seedlings affected by cadmium. J Environ Qual 6: 201-205 
    11. Lane SD, Martin ES, Garrot JF (1978) Lead toxicity effects on indole-3-acetic acid induced cell elongation. Planta 144: 79-84 
    12. Lozano-Rodrigerez E, Hernandez LE, Boney P, CarpenaRuiz RO (1997) Distribution of cadmium in shoot and root tissue of maize and pea plants: Physiological disturbance. J Exp Bot 306: 123-128 
    13. Miller JE, Hassett JJ, Koeppe DE (1975b) The effects of soil lead absorption capacity on the uptake of lead by corn. Comm Soil Sci Plant Anal 6: 349-358 
    14. Miller JE, Hassett JJ, Koeppe DE, Rolfe GL, Wheeler GL (1974) Effect of soil properties on Pb uptake by corn and effects of Pb and Cd on corn. Proc Ann NSF Trace Contaminants Conf, Asilomar 
    15. Polson DE, Adams MW (1970) Differential response of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris U to zinc I. Differential growth and elemental composition at excess Zn levels. J Agron 62: 557-560 
    16. Poschenrieder C, Gunse B, Barcelo J (1989) Influence of cadmium on water relation, stomatal resistance and abscisic acid content in expanding bean leaves. Plant Physiol 90: 1365-1371 
    17. Salt DE, Prince RC, Pickering IJ, Raskin I (1995) Mechanism of cadmium mobility and accumulation in Indian mustard. Plant Physiol 109: 1427-1433 
    18. Setia RC, Bala R (1994) Anatomical changes in root and stem of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in response to different heavy metals. Phytomorphology 44: 95-104 
    19. Singh RP, Bharti N, Kumar G (1994) Differential toxicity of heavy metals to growth and nitrate reductase activity of Sesamum indicum seedlings. Phytochem 35: 1153-1156 
    20. Gupta MC, Chouse AKM (1987) The effects of coal smoke pollutants on the growth, yield and leaf epidermis features of Abelmoschus esculentus Moench. Environ Poll 43: 263-270 
    21. Kozlowski TT, Constantinidou HA (1986) Responses of wood plants to environmental pollution. I. Source and types of pollutants and plant responses. Forestry Abstr 47: 5-51 
    22. Prasad MNV, Hagemeyer J (1999) Heavy Metal Stress in plants: From Molecules to Ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heildelberg 
    23. Iqbal M, Abdin MZ, Mahmooduzzafar Yunus M, Agarwal M (1996) Resistance mechanisms in plants against air pollution. In M Yunus, M Iqbal, eds, Plant Response to Air Pollution. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, pp 195-240 
    24. Allaway WH (1986) Agronomic controls over environmental cycling of trace elements. Adv Agron 20: 235-274 
    25. Bharadwaj R, Mascarenhas C (1989) Cadmium induced inhibition of photosynthesis in vitro during development of chloroplast in Triticum aestivum L. Plant Physiol Biochem 16: 40-48 
    26. Iqbal M, Mahmooduzzafar K, Kabeer L, Ahmad Z (1987b) The effect of air pollution on the stem anatomy of Lantana camara L. J Sci Res 9: 121-122 
    27. Rolfe GL (1973) Lead uptake by selected tree seedlings. J Environ Qual 2: 153-7 
    28. Davies BE (1992) Trace metals in environment; retrospect and prospect. In DC Adriano, ed, Biochemistry of Trace Metals. Lewis Publishers, Baca Raton, pp 1-18 
    29. Puckett KJ, Tomassinin FD, Nieboer E, Richardson DHS (1977) Potassium efflux by lichen thalli following exposure to aqueous sulphur dioxide. New Phytol 179:135-145 
    30. Ceulemans R, Vanpraet L, Jiang XN (1995) Effects of $CO_2$ enrichment, leaf position and clone on stomatal index and epidermal cell density in poplar (Populus). New Phytol 131 : 99-107 
    31. Seregin IV, Ivanov VB (2001) Physiological aspects of cadmium and lead toxic effects on higher plants. Russian J Plant Physiol 48: 606-630 
    32. van Assche F, Clijsters H (1993) Multiple effects of heavy metal toxicity on photosynthesis. In R Marcelle, H Clijsters, eds, Effects of stress on Photosynthesis. Nijhoff, The Hague, pp 371-382 
    33. Sass JE (1958) Botanical Microtechnique. Oxford and IBH Pub, Calcutta, London 
    34. Carlson RW, Bazzaz FA, Rolfe GL (1975) The effects of heavy metals on plants. II. Net photosynthesis and transpiration of whole corn and sunflower plants treated with Pb, Cd, Ni and TL. Environ Res 10: 113-120 
    35. Palaniswamy M, Gunamani T, swaminathan K (1995) Effects of air pollution caused by automobile exhaust gases on crop plants. Proc Acad Environ Biol 4: 255-260 
    36. van Assche F, Ceulemans R, Clijsters H (1980) Zinc mediated effects on leaf $CO_2$ diffusion conductance and net photosynthesis in Phaseolus vulgaris L. Photosynth Res 1: 171-180 
    37. Khan FA, Khair A, Usmani NR, Sulairnan IM (1984) A note on the anatomical responses of Polygonum glabrum to air pollutants arising out of coal burning. IBC IA 127-128 
    38. Turner MA (1973) Effect of cadmium treatment on cadmium and zinc uptake by selected vegetables species. J Environ Qual 2: 118-119 
    39. Vogeli-Lange R, Wagner GJ (1990) Subcellular localization of cadmium and cadmium-binding peptides (phytochelatins) in leaves of intact tobacco seedlings. Plant Sci B 114: 11-18 
    40. Ahmad S, Ismail F, Majeed J (1987) Effect of atmospheric pollution on chlorophyll and protein contents of some plants growing in Karachi, Pakistan. Pak J Sci Res 29: 464-467 
    41. Hernandez LE, Lozano-Rodrigruez E, Carate A, Carpena-Ruiz R (1998) Influence of cadmium on the uptake, tissue accumulation and subcellular distribution of manganese in pea seedlings. Plant Sci 132: 139-151 
    42. Sheoran IS, Singhal HR, Singh R (1990b) Effects of cadmium and nickel on photosynthesis and enzymes of the photosynthetic carbon reduction cycle in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L). Photosynth Res 23: 345-351 
    43. Tabassum S, Dube BK, Sinha P, Chatterjee C (2001) Studies on the growth, yield and metabolism of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) coupled with uptake of cobalt and cadmium. J Environ Poll 8: 159-164 
    44. Creger M, Bertell C (1992) Effects of $Ca^{2+}$ and $Cd^{2+}$ on the carbohydrate metabolism in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris). J Exp Bot 43: 167-173 
    45. Jabeen C, Abraham S (1998) Histological changes in Lagerstroemia reginae and Alstonia scholaris exposed to air pollutants. J Environ Biol 19: 79-82 
    46. Khudsar T, Mahmooduzzafar, Woung YS, Iqbal M (2000) Morphological and anatomical variations of Cajanus cajan (Linn.) Hirth raised in cadmium rich soil. J Plant Biol 4: 149-157 
    47. Ghouse AKM, Younus M (1972) Preparation of epidermal peels from leaves of gymnosperms by treatment with hot 60% $HNO_3$ Stain Technol 47: 322-331 
    48. Skorzynska-Polit E, Baszynski T (1997) Differences in sensitivity of the photosynthetic apparatus in Cd-stressed runner bean plants in relation to their age. Plant Sci 128: 11-21 
    49. Eckstein D, Grieve U, Fruhwald A (1981) Anatomische and mechanischtechnologische untersuchungen am holtz einer 502 geschadigten fitche and tanne. Holzalsroh werkstoff 39: 477-487 
    50. Mahmooduzzafar, Iqbal M, Kalimullah AZ(1986) Anatomical variation in Sida spinosa L due to coal smoke pollution. Res J Plant Envir 3: 9-11 
    51. Varshney CK (1985) Role of plants in indicating, monitoring and mitigating air pollution. In GV Subramanyam, DN Rao, CK Varshney, DK Biswas, eds, Air Pollution and Plants: A state of the art report. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Department of Environment, Govt. of India, New Delhi, pp 146-170 
    52. Chouse AKM, Ahmad Z, Saquib M, Khan Ms (1986a) Air pollution and wood formation in Mangifera indica Linn. Indian J Appl Pure Biol 1 : 37-39 
    53. Kimmerer TW, Kozlowski TT (1981) Stomatal conductance and sulphur uptake of five clones of Populus tremuloides exposed to sulphur dioxide. Plant Physiol 67: 990-995 
    54. Miller JE, Hassett JJ, Koeppe DE (1975a) The effects of soil properties and extractable lead levels on lead uptake by soybeans. Comm Soil Sci Plant Anal 6: 339-347 
    55. Page AL, Bingham FT, Nelson C (1972) Cadmium absorption and growth of various plant species as influenced by solution cadmium concentrations. J Environ Qual 1: 288-291 
    56. Usmani NR (1990) Anatomical responses of Amaranthus viridis and Euphorbia hirta to coal smoke pollution. PhD. thesis, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh 
    57. Fett JP, Cambria J, Oliva MA, Ioradao CP (1994) Absorption and distribution of cadmium in water hyacinth plants. J Plant Nutr 17: 1219-1230 
    58. Nighat F (1998) Growth performance of certain annuals in relation to coal smokes pollution. PhD. thesis, lamia Hamdard, New Delhi 
    59. Sudha MR, Ganesh R, Bosen KK (2001) Physiological and biochemical tolerance of bean to heavy metal stress. Polin Res 20: 135-138 
    60. Thompson MA (1981) Tree rings and air pollution: A case study of Pinus monophylla growing in east central Nevada. Environ Poll 26: 251-266 
    61. Iqbal M, Mahmooduzzafar K, Chouse AKM (1987a) Impact of air pollution on the anatomy of Cassia occidentalis L. and Cassia tora L. Indian J Apple Pure Boil 2: 23-26 
    62. Piotrowska M, Dudka S (1994) Estimation of maximum permissible levels of cadmium in a light soil by using cereal plants. Water Air Soil Pollut 73: 179-188 
    63. Rauno A, Barcelo J, Poschenrieder CH (1988) Zinc toxicity-induced variation of mineral element composition in hydroponically grown bush bean. J Plant Nutr 10: 373-384 
    64. Sanita di Toppi L, Gabbrielli R (1999) Response to cadmium in higher plants. Environ Exp Bot 41 : 105-130 
    65. Sheoran IS, Singhal HR, Singh R (1990a) Effect of cadmium and nickel on photosynthesis and enzymes of photosynthetic carbon reduction in pigeon pea. Photosynth Res 23: 345-351 
    66. Khan DH, Frankland B (1983) Effects of cadmium and lead on radish plants with particular reference to movement of metals through soil profile and plant. Plant Soil 20: 335-345 
    67. Sharma GK, Tyree J (1973) Ceographic leaf cuticular and gross morphological variations in Liquidambar styraciflua L and their possible relationship to environmental pollution. Bot Gaz 134: 179-184 
    68. Yu SW (1998) Plant resistance to $SO_2$ injury. In DN Rao, KJ Ahmad, M Yunus, SW Singh, eds, Perspectives in Environmental Botany. Today and Tomorrow Pub, New Delhi, pp 251-282 
    69. Cutler JM and Rains DW (1974) Characterization cadmium uptake by plant tissue. Volume and proximity highways. Environ Sci Technol 4: 318-322 
    70. Gilbert OL (1983) The growth of planted trees subject to fumes from brickworks. Environ Pollut 31: 301-310 
    71. Rauser WE, Dumbroff EB (1981) Effect of excess cobalt, nickel and zinc on the water relations of Phaseolus vulgaris L. Environ Exp Bot 21: 249-255 
    72. Chouse AKM, Khair S, Usmani NR (1986b) Micromorhological variations in Croton bonplandianum L Bail as induced by pollutants resulting from fossil fuel firing. J Plant Environ 3: 93-95 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. 2008. "" Journal of plant biology = 식물학회지, 51(3): 192~201     

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • NDSL :
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기