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생명과학회지 = Journal of life science v.16 no.5 = no.78, 2006년, pp.812 - 827   피인용횟수: 4

한국근해 및 외해역에 채집된 멸치의 미토콘드리아 DNA 다양성
Mitochondrial DNA Polymorphism of the Japanese Anchovy (Engraulis japonicus Temminck & Schlegel) Collected from the Korean Offshore and Inshore Waters

조은섭    (국립수산과학원 남해수산연구소   ); 김주일    (국립수산과학원 남해수산연구소  );
  • 초록

    멸치의 유전적 집단구조 및 지리적 거리를 조사하기 위하여 한국근해 및 외해역 12개 정점에서 채집된 멸치의 미토콘드리아 DNA control 부위를 대상으로 염기서열을 상호 비교 및 분석했다. 염기서열 분석결과 89개체 중 29 haplotype이 나타났고, 상호 염기치환율은 0-3.5% 차이를 보였다. E9 haplotype이 근해 및 외해역에서 가장 넓게 분포하고 있는 것으로 나타났다 (58.3%). 반면에, E26, E27, E28, E29 haplotype 들은 서남해역 (정점 10)에서만 보였다. PHYLIP 프로그램을 이용한 유전적 관계에서도 두개의 clade로 분리되었다. E26, E27, E28, E29 haplotype을 제외한 나머지 haplotype 들은 상호 잘 유지되는 것으로 나타났다 (bootstrap 75% 이상). 그러나 clade A와 B bootstrap은 매우 약하게 나타났다 (51%). haplotype 간의 상호분석 결과 다양도는 0.75-1.00, 염기다양도는 0.015-0.0244로 보였다.


    To investigate the population structure and geographic distance among anchovies (Engraulis japonicus) in Korea, we compared and analyzed the mitochondrial DNA control region sequences (227 bp) of anchovies from 12 localities in inshore and offshore waters. The sequence analysis of 84 individuals showed 29 haplotypes, ranging in sequence divergence by pairwise comparisons from 0.3% to 3.5% (1 bp-12 bp). E9 haplotype of anchovies were found largely in inshore waters and also in offshore waters, which was regarded as the major source in Korean waters (58.3%). However, E26, E27, E28, and E29 haplotypes were found in westsouthern (locality 10, four among 7). Phylogenetic analysis using PHYLIP was divided into two clades (clade A and B). Most of the haplotypes, excluding E26, E27, E28, and E29, were strongly supported by bootstrap analysis (>75%), whereas the relationship between clade A and B was weakly supported by bootstrap analysis (51%). High levels of genetic diversity were found; haplotype diversity (H)=0.75-1.00, and nucleotide diversity $({\pi})=0.015-0.0244$ . Analysis of $F_{ST}$ between populations in inshore waters ranged in 0.01-0.05, whereas those of offshore waters ranged in 0.01-0.58. A high gene flow occurred in inshore (Nm=22.61-34.22) and offshore (Nm=11.57-45.67) populations. The distribution of mitochondrial DNA haplotypes between westsouthern and other populations was suggestive of significantly different differentiation ( $F_{ST}$ =0.20-0. 0.20-0.59, p ${\phi}=0.02-0.41$ , p<0.05). These results suggested that the overall anchovy population in the Korean peninsula caused considerable migration due to the mitochondrial gene flow between inshore and offshore populations to form a genetically homogenous and panmictic structure, although a heterogeneous population was found in this study.


  • 주제어

    Engraulis japonicus .   geographic distance .   population structure .   gene flow .   mtDNA .   control region.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (4)

    1. Oh, Taeg-Yun ; Kim, Joo-Il ; Seo, Young-Il ; Cho, Eun-Seob 2009. "The Population Genetic Structure of the Japanese Anchovy (Engraulis japonicus Temminck & Schlegel) in the West, South and East Seas of Korea Based on Microsatellite DNA Analysis" 생명과학회지 = Journal of life science, 19(2): 174~178     
    2. Kim, Mi-Jung ; Kim, Kyung-Kil ; Park, Jung-Youn 2010. "Genetic Differences between Wild and Cultured Populations in Olive Flounder in Korea Based on Mitochondrial DNA Analysis" 생명과학회지 = Journal of life science, 20(4): 614~617     
    3. Seo, Young-Il ; Kim, Joo-Il ; Oh, Taeg-Yun ; Lee, Sun-Kil ; Park, Jong-Hwa ; Kim, Hee-Yong ; Cho, Eun-Seob 2010. "The Pulation Structure of the Pacific Cod (Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius) Based on Mitochondrial DNA Sequences" 생명과학회지 = Journal of life science, 20(3): 336~344     
    4. 2011. "" 한국환경과학회지 = Journal of the environmental sciences, 20(4): 551~554     

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