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부직포 여과막 생물반응조에서의 폐활성슬러지 감량화
Minimization of Excess Activated Sludge in Nonwoven Fabric Filter Bioreactor

정경은   (인하대학교 환경토목공학부UU0001092  ); 배민수   (인하대학교 환경토목공학부UU0001092  ); 조윤경   (위스콘신대학교 토목환경공학부UU0015082  ); 조광명   (인하대학교 환경토목공학부UU0001092  );
  • 초록

    생물학적 폐수처리과정에서 폐활성슬러지가 적게 발생하도록 하는 방법 중 현재 그 효과가 가장 확실한 것은 반응조 내의 F/M비를 낮게 유지하는 방법이다. 본 연구에서는 반응조 내의 미생물 농도를 높게 유지함으로써 F/M비를 낮게 유지할 수 있는 부직포 여과막 생물반응조에 COD농도가 약 300 mg/L이고 SS를 함유하지 않는 합성폐수를 단속적으로 주입하는 실험을 반복하여 폐활성 슬러지의 감량화 가능성을 파악하였다. 실험 결과, 반응조내의 MLSS농도가 최고 31,010 mg/L까지 증가함으로써 F/M비는 최저 0.02 g COD/g MLSS-day까지 감소하였다. 그러나 MLSS의 내생분해계수 및 산소섭취율을 측정한 결과 MLSS농도가 증가함에 따라 MLSS의 활성도는 감소하는 것으로 나타났다. 폐수주입기간 중 반응조내의 MLSS증가 및 전체 실험기간의 물질수지에 근거한 평균 미생물 성장계수 값이 각각 0.148 및 0.139 g MLSS/g COD의 낮은 값을 보임으로써 본 연구에서 채택된 부직포 여과막 생물반응조가 잉여슬러지 발생량을 감량화시키는 데 효과적임을 알 수 있었다.


    Among the various methods for minimization of waste activated sludge, maintaining a low F/M ratio in the bioreactor is known to be the most effective reliable one. In this research, various experiments were performed to check the capability of the nonwoven fabric filter bioreactor, which has been proved able to maintain a low F/M ratio by maintaining a high MLSS concentration, for excess sludge minimization. The reactor was intermittently fed with a synthetic wastewater having a COD concentration of approximately 300 mg/L and no SS. Results of the experiments showed that the F/M ratio in the reactor decreased to a minimum value of 0.02 g COD/g MLSS-day as the MLSS concentration increased to a maximum value of 31,010 mg/L. However, the measured endogenous decay coefficients and oxygen uptake rates of the MLSS confirmed that the activity of the MLSS decreased as the MLSS concentration increased. Based on the increase of MLSS in the reactor and the mass balance during the whole experimental period, the average microorganism yield coefficients were computed to be low values of 0.148 and 0.139 g MLSS/g COD, respectively. These results indicate that the nonwoven fabric filter bioreactor employed in this research is effective for minimization of excess sludge production.


  • 주제어

    슬러지 감량화 .   폐활성 슬러지 .   부직포 여과막 .   생물학적 처리 .   내생분해.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

    1. Jung, Kyoung-Eun ; Bae, Min-Su ; Lee, Jong-Ho ; Cho, Yun-Kyung ; Cho, Kwang-Myeung 2006. "Effects of MLSS Concentration and Influent C/N Ratio on the Nitrogen Removal Efficiency of Alternately Intermittently Aerated Nonwoven Fabric Filter Bioreactors" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 28(5): 501~510     
    2. Bae, Min-Su ; Ahn, Yoon-Chan ; Jang, Myung-Bae ; Cho, Yun-Kyung ; Cho, Kwang-Myeung 2007. "Effects of Alkalinity on the Nitrification Capability of Nonwoven Fabric Filter Bioreactor" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 29(7): 783~792     
    3. Choi, In-Su ; Jung, Hoe-Suk ; Han, Ihn-Sup 2009. "Study on Sludge Reduction by Sludge Solubilization and Change of Operation Conditions of Sewage Treatment Process" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 31(12): 1113~1122     

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    1. 2006 "교차 간헐 포기식 부직포 여과막 생물반응조에서 MLSS 농도 및 유입수 C/N 비가 질소 제거효율에 미치는 영향" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers 28 (5): 501~510    
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