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내한 조숙성 이탈리안 라이그라스 신품종 '코그린'
A Cold-Tolerant and Early-Heading Italian Ryegrass New Variety, 'Kogreen'

최기준   (축산연구소CC0188344  ); 임영철   (축산연구소CC0188344  ); 임용우   (축산연구소CC0188344  ); 성병렬   (축산연구소CC0188344  ); 김맹중   (축산연구소CC0188344  ); 김기용   (축산연구소CC0188344  ); 서성   (축산연구소CC0188344  );
  • 초록

    본 시험은 이탈리안 라이그라스 내한성 품종을 육성하기 위하여 1999년부터 2005년까지 축산연구소 조사료자원과에서 수행되었다. 이탈리안 라이그라스 신품종 '코그린'은 2배체 품종으로서 엽의 색은 녹이며, 월동전 초형은 반직립형, 봄의 초형은 직립형이다. 코그린은 5월 4일경에 출수하는 조숙성 품종이었다. 특히, '코그린'은 'Florida 80' 보다 지엽의 폭이 0.7mm, 지엽의 길이가 2cm로 넓고 길며, 초장은 85m로 Florida 80 보다 1cm 정도 작았다. 줄기의 두께는 'Florida 80'과 같이 중간이었다. '코그린'의 내한성은 'Florida 80' 보다 강한 품종이었다. '코그린'의 건물수량은 12.884kg/ha로서 'Florida 80' 보다 3% 적었다. '코그린'의 사료가치는 in vitro 소화율이 74.7%, 가소화영양분총량(TDN) of 65.1%로서 'Florida 80' 보다 각각 3.6, 1.5% 높았고, 산성세제불용섬유(ADF)와 중성세제불용섬유(NDF)는 30.1 및 54.1%로서 'Florida 80' 보다 각각 1.9 및 1.3% 낮았다.


    This experiment was carried out to breed the cold-tolerant variety of Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) at the Grassland and Forage Crops Division, National Livestock Research Institute, RDA at Suwon, Korea, from 1999 to 2005. The new variety 'Kogreen' is a diploid variety with a green leaf color and had semi-erect habit in late autumn and erect growth habit in early spring. The heading date of 'Kogreen' was on May 4, and for 'Florida 80' was May 2, both are considered as early-heading variety. 'Kogreen' was wider by 0.7mm in flag leaf width, longer by 2 cm in flag leaf length and shorter by 1cm in plant length than the control variety, Florida 80. Stem width of 'Kogreen' was similar to that of 'Florida 80' and 'Hwasan 101'. cold tolerance of 'Kogreen' was better than that of 'Florida 80'. Dry matter(DM) yield (12,884kg/ha) of 'Kogreen' was 3% less than that of 'Florida 80'. in vitro dry matter digestibility was 74.7% and total digestible nutrient was 65.1%, which are 3.6% and 1.5% higher than those of 'Florida 80', respectively. Acid detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber of 'Kogreen' were 30.1% and 54.1% which are 1.9% and 1.3% lower than those of 'Florida 80', respectively.


  • 주제어

    Italian ryegrass .   Cold tolerance .   Early maturing .   Variety .   'Kogreen'.  

  • 참고문헌 (11)

    1. 박병훈, 박병식, 강정훈. 1987. 이탈리안 라이그라스의 2배체와 4배체 품종 간 비교. 한초지 7(3):135-139 
    2. 이호진, 채제천, 이석순, 구자옥, 최진용. 1992. 신제 사료작물학. 향문사 pp. 218-224 
    3. 최기준, 임용우, 김기용, 최순호, 성병렬, 김원호, 신동은, 임영철. 2000. 내한 다수성 이탈리안 라이그라스 신품종 '화산 101호'. 한초지 20(1):1-6 
    4. 최기준.임용우.임영철.김기용.성병렬.김맹중.박근제.김상록. 2001a. 이탈리안 라이그라스 '화산 102호'의 생육특성과 수량성. 한초지 21(3):152-158 
    5. 최기준.임용우.임영철?김기용.성병렬.최순호?박근제. 2001b. 이탈리안 라이그라스 '화산 103호'의 생육특성과 수량성. 한초지 21(3):159-165 
    6. Goring, H.K. and P.J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage fiber analysis. Ag. Handbook. No. 379. ARS. USDA. Washington DC 
    7. Menke, K.H. und W. Huss. 1980. Tierernaehrung und futtermittel-kunde. UTB Ulmer. pp. 38-41 
    8. Pfahler P.L., R.D. Barnett and H.H. Luke. 1984. Diploid-tetraploid comparisons in rye. I. Forage Production. Crop Sci. 24:67-1674 
    9. 山下雅幸, 島本義也. 1995. ペレニアルライグラス(Lolium perenne)における耐凍性と越冬性の關係. Grassland Science. 41(3):240-245 
    10. Tilley, J.A.M. and R.A. Terry. 1963. A two stage technique for in Vitro digestibility of forage crops. J. Birt. Grassl. Sci. 18:104-111 
    11. AOAC. 1990. Official methods of analysis(15th ed.). Association & Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (22)

    1. Kim, Meing-Jooung ; Choi, Gi-Jun ; Yook, Wan-Bang ; Lim, Young-Chul ; Yoon, Sei-Hyung ; Kim, Jong-Geun ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Seo, Sung 2007. "Effects of Seeding Method on the Winter Survival, Dry Matter Yield and Nutrient Value of Italian Ryegrass in Paddy Field" 한국초지학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland Science, 27(4): 269~274     
    2. Seo, Sung ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Guen ; Choi, Gi-Jun ; Ko, Jong-Min ; Lim, Si-Gyu 2007. "Selection of Promising Forage Crops and Variety for Forage Production in Paddy Field 3. Yeongnam region (Milyang)" 한국초지학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland Science, 27(2): 85~92     
    3. Choi, Gi-Jun ; Lim, Young-Chul ; Sung, Byung-Ryul ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Lee, Joung-Kyong ; Lim, Keun-Bal ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Seo, Sung ; Ji, Hee-Chung 2007. "A Cold-Tolerant and Early-Maturing Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) New Variety, 'Kospeed'" 한국초지학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland Science, 27(3): 145~150     
    4. Lee, Hyo-Won 2007. "Nitrogen Fixation of Legumes and Transfer to Grasses in Spring Paddy Soil" 한국초지학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland Science, 27(3): 167~172     
    5. Lim, Young-Chul ; Yoon, Sei-Hyung ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Geun ; Choi, Gi-Jun ; Kim, Meing-Jooung ; Jung, Min-Woong ; Seo, Sung ; Yook, Wan-Bang 2007. "Growth Characteristics and Productivity of Winter Crops After the Continuous Whole Crop Rice Cultivation in Paddy Field in Middle Region" 한국초지학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland Science, 27(3): 183~188     
    6. Choi, Gi-Jun ; Lim, Young-Chul ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Kim, Meing-Jooung ; Ji, Hee-Chung ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Moon, Chung-Sup ; Lee, Eun-Sup ; Seo, Sung 2008. "A Cold-Tolerant and Medium-Maturing Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) New Variety, 'Kowinmaster'" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 28(3): 177~184     
    7. Kim, Ki-Yong ; Ji, Hee-Chung ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Ki-Won ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Jung, Min-Woong ; Seo, Sung ; Choi, Gi-Jun 2010. "Yield and Nutritive Value of Spring-seeded Early and Late Maturity Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.)" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 30(2): 97~102     
    8. Ji, Hee-Chung ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Yoon, Sei-Hyung ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Choi, Gi-Jun ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Park, Nam-Gun ; Lim, Young-Chul ; Lee, Eun-Sup 2011. "A Very Early-Maturing Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) New Variety, 'Green Farm' for Double Cropping System" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 31(1): 9~14     
    9. Park, Nam-Geon ; Hwang, Kyung-Jun ; Lee, Chong-Eon ; Kim, Nam-Young ; Park, Hyung-Soo ; Ko, Moon-Suk ; Lim, Young-Cheol 2011. "Effect of Seeding Dates of Italian Ryegrass Interseeded into Bermudagrass Sod on the Forage Productivity and Botanical Composition of Italian Ryegrass and Bermudagrass" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 31(4): 383~388     
    10. Kim, Ki-Yong ; Choi, Gi-Jun ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Ki-Won ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Jung, Min-Woong ; Seo, Sung ; Kim, Meing-Jooung ; Ji, Hee-Chung 2011. "Weed Control of Henbit Deadnettle Using Herbicide on Cultivating Field of Italian Ryegrass" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 31(4): 389~394     
    11. Choi, Gi-Jun ; Lim, Young-Chul ; Ji, Hee-Chung ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Ki-Won ; Kim, Dong-Kwan ; Seo, Sung ; Kim, Ki-Yong 2011. "Change in Dry Matter Yields and Feed Values of Italian Ryegrass, Hwasan 101, at Different Growth Stages" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 31(2): 107~112     
    12. Jung, Min-Woong ; Lim, Young-Chul ; Yoon, Sei-Hyung ; Choi, Ki-Choon ; Kim, Meng-Jung ; Kim, Won-Ho ; Lee, Ki-Won ; Yook, Wan-Bang 2011. "Effect of Application of Composted Cattle Manure on Forage Productivity in Double Cropping System of Italian Ryegrass - Whole Crop Rice" 한국동물자원과학회지 = Journal of animal science and technology, 53(5): 469~474     
    13. Ji, Hee Chung ; Choi, Gi Jun ; Lee, Sang Hyun ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Lee, Ki Won ; Park, Nam Gun ; Lee, Eun Sup 2013. "A Very Early-Maturing Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) New Variety, 'Green farm II'" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 33(1): 10~14     
    14. 2013. "" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 33(3): 185~192     
    15. Ji, Hee Chung ; Whang, Tae Young ; Kim, Ki-Yong ; Choe, Hyunsoak ; Hong, Ki Hung ; Choe, Kuh Wann ; Lee, Ki-Won ; Lee, Sang-Hoon 2015. "A Very Early-Maturing Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) New Variety, 'Greenfarm3ho'" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 35(1): 31~35     
    16. Kim, Ki-Yong ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Ji, Hee Chung ; Hwang, Tae-Young ; Lee, Ki-Won ; Park, Sung Min 2015. "Growth Characteristics and Yield Comparisons of Domestic and Foreign Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam) Varieties in Yecheon area of Korea" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 35(1): 43~49     
    17. Kim, Jong Geun ; Park, Hyung Soo ; Lee, Sang Hoon ; Jung, Jeong Sung ; Lee, Ki Won ; Ko, Han Jong 2015. "Evaluation of Productivity and Silage Quality for Domestically Developed Forage Crops in Korea" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 35(2): 145~151     
    18. 2015. "" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 35(3): 245~250     
    19. Kim, Ki-Yong ; Choi, Gi Jun ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Hwang, Tae-Young ; Lee, Gi-Won ; Ji, Hee Chung ; Park, Sung Min 2016. "Growth Characteristics and Dry Matter Yields of Domestic and Foreign Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) Cultivars in Cheonan Region" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 36(4): 280~286     
    20. Kim, Ki-Yong ; Choi, Gi Jun ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Hwang, Tae-Young ; Lee, Gi-Won ; Ji, Hee Chung ; Park, Sung Min 2016. "Effect of Harvest Time of Rice after Seeding of Italian ryegrass on Growth Characteristics and Dry Matter Yield of IRG in Paddy Field" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 36(4): 287~292     
    21. 2016. "" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 36(4): 340~343     
    22. 2016. "" 한국초지조사료학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science, 36(4): 376~380     

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