본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

멤브레인 = Membrane Journal v.16 no.3, 2006년, pp.167 - 181   피인용횟수: 5

연속식 전기탈이온 장치의 원리와 기술 동향
Principles and Current Technologies of Continuous Electrodeionization

문승현   (광주과학기술원 환경공학과UU0000201  ); 송정훈   (광주과학기술원 환경공학과UU0000201  );
  • 초록

    전기탈이온 시스템은 전기투석과 이온교환수지법의 혼합 공정으로서 외부전기장 하에서의 이온교환매개체를 통해 이온이 제거되어 고순수를 제조할 수 있도록 고안된 장치이다. 전기탈이온 장치는 이온의 제거 메커니즘과 이온교환 매개체의 전기적 재생 메커니즘으로 설명되며 이를 이용하여 희석조의 성능을 최적화하는 것이 시스템의 효과적인 사용을 위해서 필요하다. 또한 전기탈이온 장치의 다양한 분야에서의 적용을 위해서는 스택구성을 다양하게 변경하여 적용가능성을 판단하는 것이 필요하다. 이를 효과적으로 달성하기 위해서는 기존에 제시되었던 다양한 시스템 특성분석법과 이동현상 관련 수식들을 이해하여 전기탈이온 스택구성에 적용하는 것이 무엇보다 중요하다. 본 총설에서는 전기탈이온 장치의 최적화를 위해 필요한 기초 이론들과 방법들에 대해서 살펴보고 현재의 연구동향에 대해서 고찰하여 분리공정으로서의 이해를 높이고자 하였다.


    Continuous Electrodeionization (CEDI) is a hybrid separation process of electrodialysis and ion exchange to produce high purity water under electric field. CEDI system is generally explained with two regimes, ionic removal and electroregeneration. The performance optimization and modification of stack configuration is required for the effective utilization and various applications of a CEDI system. Understanding on various system characterization method and ion transport equation is thus necessary to utilize the CEDI system more effectively. This article provides a general review of continuous electrodeionization, including the basic principles and current stage of technologies of a CEDI system.


  • 주제어

    continuous electrodeionization .   ultrapure water .   CEDI deionization.  

  • 참고문헌 (51)

    1. Z. Matejka, 'Continuous Produciton of High-Purity Water by Electro-deionization', J. Appl. Chem. Biotechnol., 21, 117 (1971) 
    2. E. Korngold, 'Electrodialysis processes using ion exchange resins between membranes', Desalination, 16(2), 225 (1975) 
    3. C. Edmonds and E. Salem, 'An economic comparison between EDI and mixed-bed ion exchange', Ultrapure water, November, 43 (1998) 
    4. J. H. Song, K. H. Yeon, and S. H. Moon, 'Transport characteristics of $Co^{2+}$ through an ion exchange textile in a continuous electrodeionization (CEDI) system under electro-regeneration', Sep. Sci. and Tech., 39(15), 3601 (2004) 
    5. H. Strathmann, 'Ion-exchange membrane separation processes', pp. 211-215 and pp. 279-282, Elsevier, Amsterdam (2004) 
    6. K. H. Yeon, J. H. Seong, S. Rengaraj, and S. H. Moon, 'Electrochemical characterization of ion-exchange resin beads and removal of cobalt by electrodeionization for high purity water production', Sep. Sci. and Tech., 38(2), 443 (2003) 
    7. J. H. Song, M. C. Song, K. H. Yeon, J. B. Kim, K. J. Lee, and S. H. Moon, 'Purification of a primary coolant in a nuclear power plant using a magnetic filter.electrodeionization hybrid separation system', J. Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chem., 262, 725 (2004a) 
    8. N. W. Rosenberg and C. E. Tirrell, 'Limiting currents in membrane cells', Ind. and Eng. Chem., 49(4), 780 (1957) 
    9. P. B. Spoor, W. R. ter Veen, and L. J. J. Janssen, 'Electrodeionization 2: The migration of nickel ions absorbed in a flexible ion-exchange resin', J. Appl. Electrochem., 31, 1071 (2001b) 
    10. I. Monzie, L. Muhr, F. Lapicque, and G. Grevillot, 'Mass transfer investigations in electrodeionization processes using the microcolumn technique', Chemi. Eng. Sci., 60, 1389 (2005) 
    11. H. Helfferich, 'Ion Exchange', pp. 151-200, Mc-Graw Hill, NewYork, NY (1962) 
    12. K. H. Yeon and S. H. Moon, A study on removal of cobalt from a primary coolant by continuous electrodeionization with various conducting spacers, Sep. Sci. and Tech., 38(10), 2347-2371 (2003) 
    13. K. H. Yeon, J. H. Song, and S. H. Moon, 'Preparation and characterization of immobilized ion exchange polyurethanes (IEPU) and their applications for continuous electrodeionization (CEDI)', Kor. J. Chem. Eng., 21(4), 867 (2004b) 
    14. R. Simons, 'Strong electric field effects on proton transfer between membrane bound amines and water', Nature, 280, 824 (1979) 
    15. H. Strathmann, J. J. Krol, H. J. Rapp, and G. Eigenberger, 'Limiting current density and water dissociation in bipolar membranes', J. Membr. Sci., 125, 123 (1997) 
    16. E. Dejean, J. Sandeaux, R. Sandeaux, and C. Gavach, 'Water Demineralization by Electrodeionization with Ion-exchange Textile. Comparison with Conventional electrodialysis', Sep. Sci. Tech., 33(6), 801 (1998) 
    17. P. B. Spoor, L. Koene, W. R. ter Veen, and L. J. J. Janssen, 'Electrodeionization 3: The removal of nickel ions from dilute solutions', J. Appl. Electrochem., 32, 1 (2002b) 
    18. G. C. Ganzi, A. C. Jha, and J. H. Wood, 'Theory and practice of continuous electrodeionization', Ultrapure water, 14(6), 64 (1997) 
    19. E. Dejean, E. Laktionov, J. Sandeaux, R. Sandeaux, G. Pourcelly, and C. Gavach, 'Electrodeionization with ion-exchange textile for the production of high resistivity water: Influence of the nature of the textile', Desalination, 114, 165 (1997) 
    20. G. C. Ganzi, J. H. Wood, and C. S. Griffin, 'Water purification and recycling using the CDI process', Environmental progress, 11(1), 49 (1992) 
    21. http://www.omexell.com, January 18 (2006) 
    22. J. H. Song, 'Transport phenomena of metal ions in a continuous electrodeionization system and applications in water treatment processes', Ph.D thesis, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea (2006) 
    23. R. A. Pisigan, Jr. Singley, and J. E. Singley, 'Evaluation of water corrosively using the Langelier Index and relative corrosion rate models', Material performance, 24(4), 26 (1985) 
    24. K. S. Spiegler, R. L. Yoest, and M. R. J. Wyllie, 'Electrical potentials across porous plugs and membranes, ion exchange resin-solution system', Discussions Faraday Soc., 21, 174 (1956) 
    25. M. J. Semmens, C. D. Dillon, and C. Riley, 'An Evaluation of Continuous Electrodeionization as an In-Line Process for Plating Rinsewater Recovery', Environ. Prog., 20(4), 251 (2001) 
    26. O. Kedem, I. Rubinstein, and L. A. Segel, 'Reduction of polarization in electrodialysis by ionconducting spacers: theoretical evaluation of a model system', Desalination, 27, 143 (1978) 
    27. J. H. Song, K. H. Yeon, J. Cho, and S. H. Moon, 'Effect of operating parameters on the reverse osmosis.electrodeionization performance in the production of high purity water', Kor. J. Chem. Eng., 22(1), 108 (2005) 
    28. P. Ramirez, V. M. Aguilella, J. A. Manzanarees, and S. Mafe, 'Effect of temperature and ion transport on water splitting in bipolar membranes', J. Membr. Sci., 73, 191 (1992a) 
    29. R. Messalem, Y. Mirsky, N. Daltrophe, G. Saveliev, and O. Kedem, 'Novel ion-exchange spacer for improving electrodialysis, II. Coated spacer', J. Membr. Sci., 138, 171 (1998) 
    30. S. Thate, N. Specogna, and G. Eigenberger, 'A comparison of differential EDI concepts used for the production of high-purity water', Ultrapure water, 16(October(8)), 42 (1999) 
    31. P. B. Spoor, W. R. ter Veen, and L. J. J. Janssen, 'Electrodeionization 1: Migration of nickel ions absorbed in a rigid macroporous cation-exchange resin', J. Appl. Electrochem., 31, 523 (2001a) 
    32. P. Ramirez, H. J. Rapp, S. Reichle, H. Strathmann, and S. Mafe, 'Current voltage curves of bipolar membranes', J. Appl. Phys,, 72, 259 (1992b) 
    33. J. H. Wood, G. C. Ganzi, and P. A. Springthorpe, 'Continuous electrodeionization: module design considerations for the production of high purity water', Ion exchange at the millennium, Eds. J. A. Greig, Imperial college press, Singapore (2000) 
    34. H. Inoue, K. Yamanaka, A. Yoshida, T. Aoki, M. Teraguchi, and T. Kaneko, 'Synthesis and cation exchange properties of a new porous cation exchange resin having an open-called monolith structure', Polymer, 45, 3 (2004) 
    35. A. J. Giuffrida and E. J. Parsi, 'Method for preventing scale buildup during electrodialysis operation', U.S Patent, 3,341,441 (1967) 
    36. R. Simons, 'Preparation of high performance bipolar membrane', J. Mem. Sci., 78, 13 (1993) 
    37. E. Laktionov, E. Dejean, J. Sandeaux, R. Sandeaux, and C. Gavach, 'Production of High Resistivity water by Electrodialysis. Influence of Ion-exchange Textiles as Conducting spacers', Sep. Sci. Tech., 34(1), 69 (1999) 
    38. P. B. Spoor, L. Grabovska, L. Koene, L. J. J. Janssen, and W. R. Ter Veen, 'Pilot Scale Deionization of a galvanic nickel solution using a hybrid ion-exchange/electrodialysis system', 89, 193 (2002a) 
    39. J. S. Park, 'A study on removal of hardness materials from tap water and ground water using EDR and EDIR processes', M.S. thesis, Gwangju Insti-tute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea (2005) 
    40. K. H. Yeon, J. H. Song, and S. H. Moon, 'A study on stack configuration of continuous electrodeionization for removal of heavy metal ions from the primary coolant of a nuclear power plant', Water Res., 38, 1911 (2004) 
    41. Y. Oren, and Y. Egozy, 'Sutdies on polarity reversal with continuous deionization', Desalination, 86, 155 (1992) 
    42. W. A. Katz, 'The electrodialysis reversal', Desalination, 28, 31 (1979) 
    43. A. Grabowski, G. Zhang, H. Strathmann, and G. Eigenberger, 'The production of high purity water by continuous electrodeionization with bipolar membranes: Influence of the anion-exchange membrane permselectivity', J. Membr. Sci., 281, 297 (2006) 
    44. G. C. Ganzi, 'Electrodeionization for high purity water production', AIChE Symp. Series, 84(261), 73 (1988) 
    45. S. Thate, 'Untersuchung der electrochemischen deionisation zur reinstwasserherstellung', Ph.D dissertation, University of Stuttgart, Germany (2002) 
    46. O. Kedem, 'Reduction of polarization in electrodialysis by ion-conducting spacers', Desalination, 16, 105 (1975) 
    47. K. H. Yeon, J. H. Song, J. B. Kim, and S. H. Moon, 'Preparation and characterization of UV-grafted ion-exchange textiles in continuous electrodeionization', J. Chem. Tech. and Biotech., 79, 1395 (2004a) 
    48. K. H. Yeon, 'Preparation and characterization of ion-conducting spacers in continuous electrodeionization and their application in a nuclear power plant', Ph.D Dissertation, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), South Korea (2003) 
    49. D. Darbouret and I. Kano, 'Ultrapure water blank for boron trace analysis', J. Aanl. At. Spectrom, 15, 1395 (2000) 
    50. E. Korngold, L. Aronov, and O. Kedem, 'Novel ion-exchange spacer for improving electrodialysis, I. Reacted spacer', J. Memb. Sci., 138, 165 (1998) 
    51. W. R. Walters, D. W. Weiser, and L. J. Marek, 'Concentration of Radioactive Aqueous Wastes', Ind. and Eng. Chem., 47(1), 61 (1955) 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (5)

    1. 2007. "" Korean membrane journal, 9(1): 18~26     
    2. Yang, Wong-Kang ; Song, Myung-Kwan ; Cho, Young-Suk 2007. "Electrochemical Characteristics of Ion-Exchange Membrane and Charged Mosaic Membrane" 멤브레인 = Membrane Journal, 17(1): 37~43     
    3. Moon, Seung-Hyeon ; Hong, Min-Kyoung ; Han, Sang-Don ; Lee, Hong-Joo 2007. "A Study on Process Performances of Continuous Electrodeionization with a Bipolar Membrane for Water Softening and Electric Regeneration" 멤브레인 = Membrane Journal, 17(3): 210~218     
    4. Jeong, Min Ho ; Ko, Dea Young ; Hwang, Taek Sung 2015. "Preparation of Novel Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVdF) Cation Exchange Heterogeneous Membrane and Their Adsorption Properties of Ion Selectivity" 멤브레인 = Membrane Journal, 25(5): 431~439     
    5. Kim, Do-Hyeong ; Park, Jin-Soo ; Kang, Moon-Sung 2015. "Controlling Water Splitting Characteristics of Anion-Exchange Membranes by Coating Imidazolium Polymer" 멤브레인 = Membrane Journal, 25(2): 152~161     

 저자의 다른 논문

  • 문승현 (45)

    1. 1996 "Ni-Cu/SiO$_2$촉매 상에서의 메탄올 분해 반응" 에너지공학 = Journal of energy engineering 5 (1): 65~71    
    2. 1997 "전기투석에 의한 발효아미노산의 분리" 청정기술 = Clean technology 3 (2): 28~30    
    3. 1997 "새로운 Pollution Index를 이용한 배출 최소화 공정 연구" 청정기술 = Clean technology 3 (2): 47~56    
    4. 1997 "중화법과 전기투석에 의한 산회수 공정연구" 청정기술 = Clean technology 3 (2): 74~86    
    5. 1997 "Pilot규모에서 계면활성제용액의 장기 마찰저항감소에 관한 연구" 空氣 調和·冷凍 工學 論文集 = Korean journal of air-conditioning and refrigeration engineering 9 (3): 401~409    
    6. 1998 "음이온 교환막에서 염산의 이동특성 연구" 멤브레인 = Membrane Journal 8 (3): 148~156    
    7. 1998 "Phanerochaete chrysosporium에 의한 Lignin Peroxidase의 생성과 Pentachlorophenol(PCP)의 분해" 한국생물공학회지 = Korean journal of biotechnology and bioengineering 13 (3): 223~230    
    8. 1998 "장거리 열수송을 위한 메탄올 분해 촉매에 대한 실험적 연구" 空氣 調和·冷凍 工學 論文集 = Korean journal of air-conditioning and refrigeration engineering 10 (3): 334~342    
    9. 1998 "지역냉방 기술개요" 設備 : 空調, 冷凍, 衛生 = Journal of the KARSE 15 (5): 34~43    
    10. 1999 "함침형 액막을 이용한 Calcium 함유 용액으로부터 Strontium의 선택적 분리" 방사선방어학회지 = Journal of radiation protection and research 24 (1): 9~15    
  • 송정훈 (2)

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • NDSL :
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 이용한 콘텐츠
이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기