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사회운동의 공간성: 사회운동연구에 있어서 지리학적 기여에 대한 탐색
Towards the Spatiality of Social Movements: Exploring Geographical Contributions to the Study of Social Movements

정현주   (건국대학교 기초과학연구소UU0000050  );
  • 초록

    본 논문은 현대 사회운동 연구의 대표적인 접근법인 자원동원이론, 프레임이론, 신사회운동이론을 비판적인 관점에서 비교 고찰하며 이들의 한계를 극복할 수 있는 방안을 사회운동의 공간성에 대한 고찰을 통해 제시하고 있다. 현대 사회운동 연구의 주류 패러다임을 형성해 온 자원동원이론과 프레임 이론은 최근 논쟁정치 연구로 통합되고 있는데 이들은 사회운동의 동원과 전략, 정치적 과정에 초점을 맞추어 사회운동의 원리와 일반적인 법칙을 제시하고자 하였다. 그러나 사회운동의 전략적인 측면에 치우쳐 사회운동의 동인을 분석할 수 있는 틀을 개발하지 못하였고 이는 사회운동의 과정과 맥락에 대한 인식부족을 가져왔다. 신사회운동 이론은 새로운 사회운동의 발발을 거시적이고 구조적 관점에서 설명하고 있으나 추상적이고 대상지역이 한정되어 있다는 한계를 노 정해 왔다. 사회운동의 공간성에 대한 연구는 사회운동의 지역적 차이에 대한 심층적 이해를 도모하며 사회운동을 촉발시킨 갈등구조가 형성되고 집단행동이 조직되는 국지적 맥락에 대한 풍부한 통찰력을 제공해 준다. 또한 공간의 물리적 구조와 상징성은 운동의 규모와 방법을 제한하며 사회운동에 의해 활용되기도 하는 전략적 매개체이다. 사회운동의 공간성은 사회운동의 다양성과 역동성을 설명해주는 유용한 개념이 될 수 있다.


    The paper critically examines resource mobilization theories, frame theory, and new social movement theories, and proposes studies on the spatiality of the social movements as one potential to mitigate the limitation in these theories. The resource mobilization theories and the frame theory, the strategy-oriented approaches, lack contextual understandings of the origin of social movements. While new social movement theories provide macro-scale analysis and the structural explanations of the origins of social movements, they have covered limited geographical areas. The spatiality of social movements promotes deep understandings of local differences, and contexts in and through which grievances are constructed and collective actions are organized. Physical structures and symbolic representations of places are often created and utilized as social movement strategies. The spatiality of social movements can be a useful conceptual tool to explain the diversity and the dynamics of social movements.


  • 주제어

    사회운동 .   사회운동의 공간성 .   자원동원이론 .   프레임이론 .   신사회운동이론.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

    1. Ryu, Yeon-Taek 2007. "The Politics of Scale: The Social and Political Construction of Geographical Scale in Korean Housing Politics" 대한지리학회지 = Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, 42(5): 691~709     
    2. Kim, Sun-Bae ; Ryu, Je-Hun 2008. "A Theoretical Construction for the Cultural-Political Study on the Place Names in Korea" 대한지리학회지 = Journal of the Korean Geographical Society, 43(4): 599~619     

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