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Korean journal of microbiology = 미생물학회지 v.43 no.4, 2007년, pp.237 - 242  
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내인성 레트로바이러스의 발현과 질병
Expression of Endogenous Retroviruses and Disease

이재영   (목포대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과, 기초과학연구소UU0000552  );
  • 초록

    레트로바이러스(Retrovirus; RV)의 독특한 특징 중 하나는 프로바이러스의 상태로 숙주세포의 염색체에 삽입되어 숙주세포 유전자의 일부분으로서 다른 숙주세포 유전자들과 함께 다음세대로 유전된다는 것이다. 이러한 독특한 형태의 RV를 내인성 RV (endogenous RV; ERV)라고 하는데, 여러 종류의 내 외적신호에 의해 그자신의 유전자뿐만 아니라 인근한 숙주유전자의 발현에 변화가 일어난다. 사람과 쥐에서는 각각 HERV (Human ERV)와 MuERV (Murine ERV)가 세포 속에 존재하여 이들의 발현 변화가 숙주 생물체에 주로 해롭게 작용하여 질병을 일으키게 된다. 이들 ERV는 생체분자, 세포물질들이 관여하는 기작을 통해 암과 자가면역 반응과 같은 질병을 일으키는데, 이에 수반하여 많은 병리생리적 변화를 가져온다. HERV와 관련된 질병을 앓고 있는 환자들을 위해서는 이러한 질병을 이해하고, 이를 바탕으로 치료요법을 개발하기 위해 여러 단계의 대책들이 고려되어야 한다.


    One of the chief characteristics of the retrovirus life cycle is the appearance of provirus caused by integration of viral genome into the host cell genome, and its delivery stably to the next generation as a part of host germ line. This stable form is called endogenous retrovirus (ERV) and expressed by exogenous or endogenous factors. HERVs and MuERVs are present in humans and mice correspondingly, and their expressions frequently cause diseases. Several diseases such as cancer, autoimmunity and neurological disorders are related with HERVs. Therefore, various strategies should be established for the development of effective therapies for the suffering patients.


  • 주제어

    burns .   differential expression .   endogenous retrovirus .   LTR .   U3 promoter.  

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