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Structural Study of the Cytosolic C-terminus of Vanilloid Receptor 1

Seo, Min-Duk   (Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National UniversityUU0000691  ); Won, Hyung-Sik   (Department of Biotechnology, Division of Life Sciences, College of Biomedical & Health Science, Konkuk UniversityUU0000050  ); Oh, Uh-Taek   (Sensory Research Center, CRI, Seoul National UniversityUU0000691  ); Lee, Bong-Jin   (Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Seoul National UniversityUU0000691  );
  • 초록

    Vanilloid receptor I [transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 1 (TRPV1), also known as VR1] is a non-selective cationic channel activated by noxious heat, vanilloids, and acid, thereby causing pain. VR1 possesses six transmembrane domain and N-and C-terminus cytosolic domains, and appears to be a homotetramer. We studied the structural properties of Cterminus of VR1 (VR1C) using CD and NMR spectroscopy. DPC micelles, with a zwitterionic surface, and SDS micelles, with a negatively charged surface, were used as a membrane mimetic model system. Both SDS and DPC micelles could increase the stability of helical structures and/or reduce the aggregation form of the VR1C. However, the structural changing mode of the VR1C induced by the SDS and DPC micelles was different. The changes according to the various pHs were also different in two micelles conditions. Because the net charges of the SDS and DPC micelles are negative and neutral, respectively, we anticipate that this difference might affect the structure of the VR1C by electrostatic interaction between the surface of the VR1C and phospholipids of the detergent micelles. Based on these similarity and dissimilarity of changing aspects of the VR1C, it is supposed that the VR1C probably has the real pI value near the pH 7. Generally, mild extracellular acidic pH ( $6.5{\sim}6.8$ ) potentiates VRI channel activation by noxious heat and vanilloids, whereas acidic conditions directly activate the channel. The channel activation of the VRI might be related to the structural change of VR1C caused by pH (electrostatic interactions), especially near the pH 7. By measuring the $^1-^{15}N$ TROSY spectra of the VR1C, we could get more resolved and dispersed spectra at the low pH and/or detergent micelles conditions. We will try to do further NMR experiments in low pH with micelles conditions in order to get more information about the structure of VR1C.


  • 주제어

    C-terminus of Vanilloid receptor 1 (VR1C) .   CD spectroscopy .   NMR spectroscopy .   detergent micelles .   electrostatic interaction.  

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