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保健敎育健康增進學會誌 = Korean journal of health education and promotion v.24 no.5, 2007년, pp.119 - 135   피인용횟수: 1
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과체중 및 비만 성인 여성 대상 스텝운동 프로그램의 심리적 효과: 분노, 운동관련 자기 효능감, 운동관련 정서 및 신체상에 미치는 효과
Psychological benefits of bench-step aerobics program in overweight or obese adult women: its effects on anger, exercise self-efficacy, exercise-related affect, and body image

Lee, Mi-Ra   (Department of Nursing, Kimcheon Science CollegeUU0000310  ); Kim, Wan-Soo   (Department of Exercise Prescription, Konyang UniversityUU0000053  );
  • 초록

    스텝운동(bench-step aerobics: BSA)이 과체중 및 비만 우리나라 성인 여성을 위한 효과성, 안전성 및 실행 가능성을 갖춘 운동 프로그램이라는 것이 다수 연구자들에 의해 시사되어 왔다. 그러나 그 효과성은 일부 생리적 효과에 한하여 검증되었을 뿐 심리적 효과에 대해서는 거의 연구되지 않았다. 따라서 본 연구는 스텝운동 프로그램이 우리나라 과체중 및 비만(체질량지수 ${\geq}\;2\;kg/m^2$ ) 성인 여성에게 미치는 심리적 효과를 알아보기 위해 수행되었다. 이러한 목적을 달성하기 위해 보건소 방문자와 지역신문 및 보건소 홈페이지 홍보를 통해 모집된 여성 중 편의 추출한 운동군 15명과 대조군 13명의 분노(anger), 운동관련 자기 효능감(exercise self-efficacy), 운동관련 정서(exericse-related affect), 그리고 신체상(body image)을 운동 프로그램 전후에 측정하여 비교하였다. 자료 수집은 12주 스텝운동 프로그램(2006년 8월 ${\sim}$ 11월) 전과 후에 보건소에서 이루어졌다. 운동군에게 적용된 스텝운동 프로그램은 중강도[개인의 예비 심박 수(Heart Rate Reserve : HRR)의 $40/50{\sim}50/60%$ ]로 $45{\sim}60$ 분 동안 주 3회 이루어졌으며, 상기 운동 강도 및 운동 시간은 대상자의 적응도에 따라 12주에 걸쳐 점진적으로 증가되었다. 12주간의 스텝운동 후 운동군의 신체상이 유의하게 개선되었으며, 이는 대조군에서의 변화와도 유의한 차이를 보였다. 분노, 운동관련 자기 효능감, 그리고 운동관련 정서 또한 개선되는 경향이었으나 통계적으로 유의한 변화는 보이지 않았다. 이로써 우리나라 과체중 및 비만 성인 여성 대상 스텝운동의 심리적 효과가 부분적으로 지지되고 있으나, 현재까지 이루어진 관련 연구가 거의 없고 본 연구 또한 연구 설계상의 제한점을 갖고 있으므로 연구결과의 일반화를 위한 추후 연구가 요구된다. 특히 Floor effect 및 Ceiling effect 등에 의한 효과를 배제하기 위해 분노 수준이 상대적으로 더욱 높거나 운동관련 정서 수준이 상대적으로 낮은 과체중 및 비만여성을 대상으로 반복 연구를 수행할 필요가 있다.


    Objectives: The efficacy, feasibility, and safety of bench-step aerobics (BSA) program in overweight or obese Korean adult women have been implied. However, there has been almost no evidence for its psychological benefits. As such, the purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological benefits of BSA program in overweight or obese (body mass index ${\geq}\;23\;kg/m^2$ ) Korean adult women. Method: Anger, exercise self-efficacy, exercise-related affect, and body image of overweight or obese women who participated in a 12-week BSA program (n=15) were compared with those of their counterparts in the control group (n=13). Subjects were selected among public health center visitors and those recruited by putting an advertisement in local newspapers and the public health center homepage. Data from the exercise and control groups were collected before and after the 12-week BSA program (from August to November in 2006) at the public health centers. The exercise program consisted of 45 to 60 min moderate-intensity (40/50 to 50/60% of their hear rate reserve) BSA performed for 3 days a week. Results: After the BSA program, body image of the subjects in the exercise group was significantly improved and there was a significant difference between the exercise and control groups. Anger, exercise self-efficacy, and exercise-related affect were improved after the BSA program but the changes did not reach the level of statistical significance and there were no significant differences between the exercise and control groups. Conclusions: In conclusion, BSA appears to significantly enhance body image in overweight or obese Korean adult women but its effects on anger, exercise self-efficacy, and exercise-related affect do not appear to be statistically significant. Further studies involving different subjects, particularly whose levels of anger are high or whose levels of exercise-related affect are low to exclude the influence of the ceiling or floor effect, are warranted in a randomized controlled design.


  • 주제어

    벤치-스텝운동 .   심리적 효과 .   여성.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. Han, Ji-Hyoung ; Hwang, Ji-Min 2010. "The relationship between BMI and health & oral health promotion behavior of highschool" 한국치위생교육학회지 = The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Hygiene Education, 10(1): 141~156     

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