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Mycobiology v.35 no.1, 2007년, pp.36 - 38   피인용횟수: 9

Populations of Fungi and Bacteria Associated with Samples of Stored Rice in Korea

Oh, Ji-Yeon   (Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea UniversityUU0000159  ); Jee, Sam-Nyu   (Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea UniversityUU0000159  ); Nam, Young-Woo   (Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea UniversityUU0000159  ); Lee, Ho-Joung   (Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea UniversityUU0000159  ); Ryoo, Mun-Il   (Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea UniversityUU0000159  ); Kim, Ki-Deok   (Division of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea UniversityUU0000159  );
  • 초록

    Stored rice was collected from rice processing complexes of National Agricultural Cooperative Federation of 11 regions in Korea to evaluate the occurrence of fungi and bacteria and to identify the predominant fungi and bacteria to the genus levels. Most rice samples generally produced the higher levels of fungi and bacteria than white rice. The occurrence of fungi and bacteria varied in various locations of Korea. Among fungi observed, Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium spp. were dominant in the samples and Aspergillus spp. were observed more frequently than Penicillium spp. Predominant bacteria from rice and white rice samples tentatively belonged to the Genus Bacillus, Pectobacterium, Pantoea, and Microbacterium according to BIOLOG and FAME analyses. The results of this study showed that rice in Korea was contaminated in a relatively high level by two dominant storage fungi such as Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium spp. In addition, occurrence of mycotoxins in rice by the fungi could be possible and thus it is necessary to control the storage fungi.


  • 주제어

    Aspergillus .   Penicillium .   Rice .   Storage bacteria .   Storage fungi.  

  • 참고문헌 (11)

    1. Cottyn, B., Regalado, E., Lanoot, B., De Cleene, M., Mew, T. W. and Swings, J. 2001. Bacterial populations associated with rice seed in the tropical environment. Phytopathology 91: 282-292 
    2. Filtenborg, O., Frisvad, J. C. and Thrane, U. 1996. Moulds in food spoilage. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 33: 85-102 
    3. Kaku, H., Subandiyah, S. and Ochiai, H. 2000. Red stripe of rice is caused by a bacterium Microbacterium sp. J. Gen. Plant Pathol. 66: 149-152 
    4. Klich, M. A. 2002. Identification of common Aspergillus species. Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Utrecht, The Netherlands 
    5. Oh, K. W. 2006. Food grain consumption survey report. National Statistical Office, Republic of Korea 
    6. Park, J. W., Choi, S. Y., Hwang, H. J. and Kim, Y. B. 2005. Fungal mycoflora and mycotoxins in Korean polished rice destined for humans. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 103: 305-314 
    7. Pitt, J. I. 1973. An appraisal of identification methods for Penicillium species: novel taxonomic criteria based on temperature and water relations. Mycologia 65: 1135-1157 
    8. Pitt, J. I. 1985. A laboratory guide to common Penicillium species. Food Science Australia, Australia 
    9. Swan, J. R. M. and Crook B. 1998. Airborne microorganisms associated with grain handling. Ann. Agr. Environ. Med. 5: 7-15 
    10. Taligoola, H. K., Ismail, M. A. and Chebon, S. K. 2004. Mycobiota associated with rice grains marketed in Uganda. J. Biol. Sci. 4: 271-278 
    11. Yoo, C. C., Hwang, H. J. and Kim, Y. B. 1993. Studies on fungal invasion of stored rice kernels. J. Inst. Biotechnol. 5: 48-53 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (9)

    1. 2008. "" The plant pathology journal, 24(4): 469~473     
    2. 2008. "" The plant pathology journal, 24(1): 74~79     
    3. 2010. "" The plant pathology journal, 26(2): 121~129     
    4. Son, Seung-Wan ; Nam, Young-Ju ; Lee, Seung-Ho ; Lee, Soo-Min ; Lee, Soo-Hyung ; Kim, Mi-Ja ; Lee, Theresa ; Yun, Jong-Chul ; Ryu, Jae-Gee 2011. "Toxigenic Fungal Contaminants in the 2009-harvested Rice and Its Milling-by products Samples Collected from Rice Processing Complexes in Korea" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구, 17(3): 280~287     
    5. 2011. "" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구, 17(2): 216~221     
    6. Lee, Theresa ; Lee, Soohyung ; Lee, Jeong-Hwa ; Yun, Jong-Chul ; Oh, Kyeong-Suk 2012. "Natural Occurrence of Mycotoxin and Fungi in Korean Rice" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구, 18(4): 261~267     
    7. 2013. "" Korean journal for food science of animal resources = 한국축산식품학회지, 33(6): 730~736     
    8. Lee, Theresa ; Lee, Soohyung ; Kim, Lee-Han ; Ryu, Jae-Gee 2014. "Occurrence of Fungi and Fusarium Mycotoxins in the Rice Samples from Rice Processing Complexes" Research in plant disease = 식물병연구, 20(4): 289~294     
    9. 2016. "" Mycobiology, 44(2): 67~78     

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