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Halomonas subglaciescola DH-1의 생장에 미치는 염화나트륨의 영향
Effect of NaCl on Halomonas subglaciescola DH-1 Incapable of Growing at Non-Salinity

나병관    (서경대학교 생물공학과   ); 유영선    (서경대학교 응용화학과   ); 박두현    (서경대학교 생물공학과  );
  • 초록

    호염성세균 H. subglaciescola DH-1은 염화나트륨이 없거나 0.8 M 이하로 존재하는 환경에서 생장하지 못한다. 이 호혐성세균은 2.0 M의 염화나트륨이 존재하는 조건에서는 최적온도( $30^{\circ}C$ )보다 높은 $40^{\circ}C$ 에서 생장이 가능하였으나, 0.8 M의 염화나트륨이 존재하는 조건에서는 생장이 크게 저하되었다. 세포추출물을 염화나트륨이 존재하는 조건에서 $50^{\circ}C$ 로 1시간 동안 열처리하였을 때 세포내 효소의 활성이 유지되었으나, 염화나트륨이 없는 조건에서 열처리하였을 때 효소의 활성은 유지되지 않았다. 반면, 대장균의 세포추출물의 효소활성은 1.0 M이상의 염화나트륨이 존재할 때 온도 또는 pH와 관계없이 측정되지 않았다. H. subglaciescola DH-1은 pH $7{\sim}10$ 의 범위에서 생장하였고, 생장을 위한 최적 pH는 8이었다. 이러한 생리적인 특성으로부터 염화나트륨은 H. subglaciescola DH-1의 물질대사를 위한 필수적인 무기영양소라는 사실을 유추할 수 있다.


    A halophilic bacterium, H. subglaciescola DH-1, grew at 2.0 M salinity, but did not grow at 0.8 M salinity when cultivated at higher temperature ( $40^{\circ}C$ ) than optimum ( $30^{\circ}C$ ). When the cell extract of strain DH-1 was heated at $50^{\circ}C$ for 60 min in the absence of NaCl, isocitrate dehydrogenase and malate dehydrogenase lost their activities, but when it was heated in the presence of 2.0 M NaCl, the activity was maintained. Meanwhile, the cell extract of E. coli did not catalyze the reduction of $NAD^+$ to NADH coupled with the oxidation of isocitrate and malate at higher salinities than 1.0 M. The pH range for DH-1 was 7 to 10, and that for E. coli was 5 to 9. DH-1 was not grown in conditions with sodium salts other than NaCl.


  • 주제어

    Halomonas subglaciescola .   halophile .   halotolerant .   compatible solutes .   alkalophile.  

  • 참고문헌 (31)

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