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Korean journal of pediatrics v.50 no.1, 2007년, pp.20 - 27   피인용횟수: 2

소아 성폭력에 관한 임상적 고찰
Clinacal investigation of child sexual abuse

이현주   (국립경찰병원 소아과  ); 한혜정   (국립경찰병원 소아과  ); 김지희   (국립경찰병원 소아과  ); 이혜선   (국립경찰병원 소아과  ); 이인실   (국립경찰병원 소아과  );
  • 초록

    목 적 : 성폭력 발생빈도가 증가하고 신고율이 높아지면서 사회문제로 관심이 커졌고 최근 성폭력과 관련되어 내원하는 소아가 증가하였다. 성폭력은 신체적 외상은 물론 정신적 충격으로 소아의 성장과 발달에 좋지않은 영향을 줄 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 18세 이하 성폭력 피해자의 임상적 소견을 관찰하였다. 방 법 : 2001년 10월 1일부터 2005년 5월 5일까지 국립경찰병원 학교 여성폭력 지원센터를 방문한 성폭력 피해자 중 18세 이하 292명의 임상 소견을 후향적으로 조사하였다. 결 과 : 1) 대상 환아의 연령은 6세 미만의 소아가 63명(21.6%), 6세 이상 12세 미만의 소아가 89명(30.5%), 12세 이상 18세 미만은 140명(47.9%)이었고 성별 분포는 여아가 288명(98.6%), 남아가 4명(1.4%)이었다. 2) 범행 시각은 12:00-18:00시(44.6%)에 가장 많이 발생하였고, 피해 장소는 피해자 집과 집근처에서 범행이 있었던 경우가 150례(51.4%), 학교, 유치원, 놀이방에서 발생한 경우가 39례(13.4%), 가해자의 집에서 발생한 경우가 34례(11.6%)였다. 3) 가해자는 평소 알고 있었던 사람인 경우가 156례(53.6%)였고 그 중 39례는 친인척이었으며 모르는 사람인 경우가 135례(46.4%)였다. 나이가 어릴수록 가해자가 평소 알고 있었던 사람인 경우가 많았다(P


    Purpose : Child sexual abuse is a significant and serious problem that affects public health and society. Pediatricians are responsible for preventing and detecting sexual abuse of children. The aim of this study was to examine clinical findings of child sexual abuse. Methods : The authors retrospectively studied 292 patients between the ages of 0 and 18 who were referred for evaluation of sexual abuse to the Emergency Department of the National Police Hospital from Oct 1, 2001 to May 5, 2005. Results : Sixty three (21.6 percent) of sexual abuse victims were younger than 6 years of age; 89 (30.5 percent) were 6-12 years of age; and 104 (47.9 percent) were 12-18 years of age. Attack time was the most common between noon and 6 pm. Victims were attacked in their home or nearby (51.4 percent). One hundred fifty six (53.6 percent) offenders were accquaitances, thirty nine (13.4 percent) of whom were family members. The disclosure of attack by parents with abnormal physical symptoms was more common in younger children than in adolescence. Eighty nine (30.5 percent) victims had no specific physical findings, 51 percent had injury to the hymen, 37.3% had injury to external genitalia, and 4 percent had anal injury. One case of gonorrhea and thirteen cases of chlamydia were found. Sperm was found in 19 cases and acid phosphatase was positive in 28 cases. The absence of physical findings and laboratory findings was more common in younger children than in those in adolescence. The time interval from attacks to hospital visits had a significant negative correlation with age. Conclusion : For younger victims, the time interval from attack to hospital visitis was more prolonged. Victims may have no physical evidence of sexual abuse. Therefore, a careful history should be obtained and a through physical examination should be performed. Pediatricians must play a leading role in evaluation and treatment of sexually abused children, considering children,s growth and development. Coordination with other professionals is necessary to provide consultation, medical treatment, and legal assistance for the sexually abused children and families.


  • 주제어

    Child sexual abuse.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

    1. Lee, Insil 2009. "Child sexual abuse and pediatricians" Korean journal of pediatrics, 52(11): 1200~1206     
    2. Song, Bong Kyu ; Kim, Do Kyun ; Park, Hye Young ; Hwang, Jun Won ; Kwak, Young Ho 2009. "A multidisciplinary approach for the treatment of child abuse in Korea" Korean journal of pediatrics, 52(11): 1207~1215     

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