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웨이블렛 변환을 이용한 직렬 아크고장 신호 분석
Analysis of Series Arc-Fault Signals Using Wavelet Transform

방선배   (전기안전연구원  ); 박종연   (강원대학 전기.전자공학과UU0000037  );
  • 초록

    This paper presents the analyzed result of the series arc fault current by using the discrete wavelet transform. The series arcing is caused by a loose connection in series with the load circuit. The series arc current is limited to a moderate value by the resistance of the device connected to the circuit, such as an appliance or a lighting system. The amount of energy in the sparks from the series arcing is less than in the case of parallel arcing but only a few amps are enough to be a fire hazard. Therefore, it is hard to detect the distinctive difference between a normal current and a intermittent arc current. This paper, presents the variation of the ratio of peak values and RMS values of the series arc fault current, and proposes the novel series arc fault detecting method by using the discrete wavelet transform. Loads such as a CFL lamp, a vacuum cleaner, a personal computer, and a television, which has the very similar normal current with the arc current, were selected to confirm the novel method.


  • 주제어

    Series arc-fault .   Wavelet transform .   Electrical fire .   Shoulder .   Home appliance.  

  • 참고문헌 (16)

    1. A.F. Sultan, G.W. Swift, D.J. Fedirchuk, "Detecting Arcing Downed-Wires Using Fault Current Flicker And Half-Cycle Asymmetry", IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 461-470, Jan. 1994. 
    2. D.I. Jeerings, J.R. Linders, "Unique Aspects of Distribution System Harmonics Due to High Impedance Ground Faults", IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 5, No. 2, Apr. 1990. 
    3. A. Lazkano, J. Ruiz, E. Aramendi, L. A. Leturiondo, "Evaluation of A New proposal for Arcing Fault Detection Method Based on Wavelet Packet Analysis", Power Engineering Society Meeting, Vol. 3, pp. 1328-1333, July, 2001. 
    4. B.M. Aucoin, B.D. Russell, "Distribution High Impedance Fault Detection Utilizing High Frequency Current Components", IEEE Trans. on Power Apparatus and System, Vol. PAS-101, No. 6, Jun. 1982. 
    5. W.H. Kwon, G.W. Lee, Y.M. Park, M.C. Yoon and M.H. Yoo, "High Impedance Fault Detection Utilizing Incremental Variance of Normalized Even Order Harmonic Power", IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 6, No. 2, Jul. 1991. 
    6. C. Benner, P. Carswell, B.D. Russell, "Improved Algorithm For Detecting Arcing Faults Using Random Faults Behavior", Electric Power System Research, Vol. 17, pp. 49-56, 1989. 
    7. B.D. Russell, R.P. Chinchali, C.J. Kim, "Behavior of Low Frequency Spectra During Arcing Fault And Switching Events", IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 3, No. 4, Oct. 1988. 
    8. Power Technologies Inc., "Detection of High Impedance Faults", EPRI Report EL-2413, Jun. 1982. 
    9. Wen-Jun Li, Yuan-Chun Li, "Arc Fault Detection based on Wavelet Packet", Proceedings of FICML, pp. 18-21, Aug., 2005. 
    10. Underwrites Laboratories Inc. UL1699, "Arc-Fault Circuit-interrupters", May, 2003. 
    11. K.Y. Lien, S.L. Chen, C.J. Liao, T.Y. Guo, T.M. Lin, and J.S. Shen, "Energy Variance Criterion and Threshold Tuning Scheme For High Impedance Fault Detection", IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jul. 1999. 
    12. George D. Gregory, Kon Wong, Robert Dvorak, "More about Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupter", IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 1006-1011, July/Aug., 2004. 
    13. B.D. Russell, R.P. Chinchali, "A Digital Signal Processing Algorithm For Detecting Arcing Faults on Power Distribution Feeders", IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, Vol. 4, No. 1, Jan. 1989. 
    14. George D. Gregory, Gary W. Scott, "The Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupter, An Emerging Product", Power Systems Technical Conference IEEE, pp. 48-55, May, 1998. 
    15. S.J. Balser, K.A. Clements, D.J. Lawrence, "A Microprocessor-Based Technique For Detection of High Impedance Faults", IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery , Vol. PWRD-1, No. 3, Jul. 1986. 
    16. W. Charytoniuk, W. J. Lee, M. S. Chen, J. Cultrera, T. Maffetone, "Arcing Fault Detection in Underground Distribution Networks Feasibility Study", Industry Applications, IEEE Transaction, Vol. 36, No. 6, pp. 1756-1761, Nov., 2000. 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

    1. Bang, Sun-Bae ; Park, Chong-Yeun ; Jang, Mog-Soon ; Choi, Won-HO 2008. "Analysis of Series Arc-Fault Signals Using Wavelet Transform From Non-linear Loads" 전기학회논문지 = The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, 57(8): 1470~1477     
    2. Bang, Sun-Bae ; Kim, Chong-Min ; Park, Chong-Yeun ; Chung, Young-Sik 2009. "Analysis of Detection Method for Series Arc Fault Signal by using DWT" 전기학회논문지. The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers. P, 58(3): 362~368     
    3. Ko, Won-Sik ; Moon, Won-Sik ; Bang, Sun-Bae ; Kim, Jae-Chul 2012. "Even Harmonic Analysis of Series Arc-fault Current Using BPF of GIC Application in Computer" 전기학회논문지 = The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers, 61(10): 1554~1560     

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