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일부 미적용 다중이용시설의 실내 공기 중 알데히드류 및 휘발성유기화합물 노출로 인한 건강위해성 평가
Health Risk Assessment of Occupants in the Small-Scale Public Facilites for Aldehydes and VOCs

양지연   (연세대학교 환경공해연구소UU0000936  ); 김호현   (연세대학교 환경공해연구소UU0000936  ); 신동천   (연세대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실UU0000936  ); 김윤신   (한양대학교 환경 및 산업의학연구소UU0001519  ); 손종렬   (고려대학교 보건과학대학UU0000159  ); 임준환   (연세대학교 환경공해연구소UU0000936  ); 임영욱   (연세대학교 환경공해연구소UU0000936  );
  • 초록

    This study was to assess the lifetime cancer and non-cancer risk of exposure of worker and user at public facilities in Korea to volatile organic compounds (VOCs). We measured the concentrations of two aldehydes and five VOCs in indoor air at 424 public buildings that 8 kinds of public facilities (70 movie theaters, 86 offices, 86 restaurants, 70 academies, 22 auditoriums, 30 PC-rooms, 30 singing-rooms and 30 bars) all over the country. There were estimated the human exposure dose and risks with averages of the using-time and frequency for facility users and office workers, respectively. Carcinogens (formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and benzene) were estimated the lifetime excess cancer risks (ECRs). non-carcinogens (toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, and styrene) were estimated the hazard quotients (HQs). The average ECRs of formaldehyde and benzene for facility worker and user were $1{\times}10^{-3}{\sim}1{\times}10^{-4}\;and\;1{\times}10^{-4}{\sim}1{\times}10^{-5}$ level, respectively, in all facilities. HQs of four non-carcinogens did not exceed 1.0 for all subjects in all facilities. The estimated ECRs for restaurant and auditorium were the highest, and the PC-room and bar were the next higher facilities. Furthermore, people in a smoking facility had the highest cancer risk. Higher ECRs of formaldehyde and benzene were observed in indoor smoking facilities such as restaurant and auditorium. Higher HQs of toluene and xylene were observed at the restaurant and office building.


  • 주제어

    Health risk assessment .   Public facility .   Indoor air .   Aldehydes .   VOCs.  

  • 참고문헌 (19)

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (3)

    1. Yang, Won-Ho ; Im, Sung-Guk ; Son, Bu-Soon 2008. "Estimation of Ventilation and Generation Rates Using Nitrogen Dioxide Measurements of Indoor and Outdoor in Houses" 한국환경과학회지 = Journal of the environmental sciences, 17(10): 1069~1073     
    2. Lee, Dae-Haeng ; Lee, Se-Haeng ; Bae, Seok-Jin ; Kim, Nan-Hee ; Park, Kang-Soo ; Kim, Do-Sool ; Paik, Ke-Jin ; Moon, Yong-Woon 2010. "The Concentration of Indoor Air Quality and Correlations of Materials at Multiple-use Facilities in Gwangju" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 32(11): 1001~1010     
    3. Yang, Ji-Yeon ; Kim, Ho-Hyun ; Yang, Su-Hee ; Kim, Sun-Duk ; Jeon, Jun-Min ; Shin, Dong-Chun ; Lim, Young-Wook 2010. "Health Risk Assessment of Aldehydes and VOCs in the Activities Space of Young Children -Focused on Child-care Facilities and Indoor Playgrounds-" 환경독성학회지 = Journal of environmental toxicology, 25(1): 57~68     

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