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현장 측정을 통한 관개용수로의 손실량 추정
Estimation of Water Loss in Irrigation Canals through Field Measurement

이용직   (한국농촌공사 정보관리실CC0188455  ); 김필식   (Auburn UniversityUU0014704  ); 김선주   (건국대학교 생명환경과학대학UU0000050  ); 지용근   (건국대학교 생명환경과학대학 대학원UU0000050  ); 주욱종   (한국농촌공사 농어촌연구원 생산자원연구소CC0188455  );
  • 초록

    Water losses in irrigation canals are mainly estimated as the sum of conveyance and delivery water loss. The losses occur via the evaporation, infiltration, gate operation and water distribution processing. Recently, the study regarding these water losses are not satisfactory enough, also delivery water loss has not been mainly considered on field design. The objective of this study is to investigate and analyze the volume of water loss in irrigation canals considering condition of actual farm land. A field measurement was performed at four research sites, which are managed by Korea Rural Community & Agriculture Corporation, to evaluate conveyance and delivery water loss for 2 years. The measurement was performed by canal type, size and designed flow using the inflow-outflow method at a major points such as start and end of each canal, derivation point of canal and inlet of paddy fields. Results of this study showed that water loss ratio in lateral canals was bigger than that of main canal unlike current design standard and the loss decrease as flow increase. The total of water loss ratio including conveyance and delivery water loss in several irrigation canals ranged between 33.25 and 45.0%.


  • 주제어

    Conveyance water loss .   Delivery water loss .   Irrigation water .   Field measurement.  

  • 참고문헌 (10)

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    2. M. Hanif Chaudhry, 1993, Open-Channel Flow, PRENTICE HALL, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersrey 07632 (in English) 
    3. Orson W. Israelson, 1970, Irrigation Principles and Practices pp. 80, 115-150 (in English) 
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    5. Kim, Sun Joo, Chung, Ha Woo, Kim, Jin Su Kim, Ahn, Byung Ki, Lee, Kun Hu, Lee, Nam Ho and Chung, Sang Ok, 1999, Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Dong Myoung Sa (in Korean) 
    6. Koo, Ja Woong, Lee, Ki Choon, Kim Jai Young, 1982, A Study on Calculation of Water Loss Ratio in Irrigation canal, Journal of the KSAE, Vol.24(2): pp. 55-66 (in Korean) 
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    8. Lee, Yong-Jig, 2005. An Investigative Study for the Estimation of Irrigation Water Requirement in Paddy Land, Ph.D. Dissertation : Konkuk University (in Korean) 
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    10. Joo Seuk Hun, 1985. Field Investigation and Analysis of Water Loss and Flow Capacity in Earth Canal, Master thesis : Seoul University (in Korean) 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (8)

    1. Nam, Won-Ho ; Kim, Tae-Gon ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Kim, Jin-Taek ; La, Min-Chul 2011. "Wireless Sensor Network Development using RFID for Agricultural Water Management" 한국농공학회논문집 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, 53(5): 43~51     
    2. Park, Chang-Eon ; Kim, Jin-Taek ; Oh, Sung-Tae 2012. "Analysis of Stage-Discharge Relationships in the Irrigation Canal with Auto-Measuring System" 한국농공학회논문집 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, 54(1): 109~114     
    3. Song, Jung-Hun ; Kang, Moon-Seong ; Song, Inhong ; Hwang, Soon-Ho ; Park, Jihoon ; Ahn, Ji-Hyun 2013. "Surface Drainage Simulation Model for Irrigation Districts Composed of Paddy and Protected Cultivation" 한국농공학회논문집 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, 55(3): 63~73     
    4. Nam, Won Ho ; Choi, Jin Yong ; Hong, Eun Mi ; Kim, Jin Taek 2013. "Assessment of Irrigation Efficiencies using Smarter Water Management" 한국농공학회논문집 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, 55(4): 45~53     
    5. Hong, Eun Mi ; Nam, Won-Ho ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Kim, Jin-Taek 2014. "Evaluation of Water Supply Adequacy using Real-time Water Level Monitoring System in Paddy Irrigation Canals" 한국농공학회논문집 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, 56(4): 1~8     
    6. Kang, Min Goo ; Oh, Seung Tae ; Kim, Jin Taek 2014. "Estimation of Amounts of Water Release from Reservoirs Considering Customary Irrigation Water Management Practices in Paddy-Field Districts" 한국농공학회논문집 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, 56(5): 1~9     
    7. Song, Jung Hun ; Song, Inhong ; Kim, Jin-Taek ; Kang, Moon Seong 2015. "Characteristics of Irrigation Return Flow in a Reservoir Irrigated District" 한국농공학회논문집 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, 57(1): 69~78     
    8. Hong, Eun-Mi ; Choi, Jin-Yong ; Nam, Won-Ho ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Choi, Jin-Kyu ; Kim, Jin-Taek 2015. "Analysis of Water Loss Rate and Irrigation Efficiency in Irrigation Canal at the Dong-Jin District" 한국농공학회논문집 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers, 57(2): 93~101     

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    1. 1981 "수도 품종간의 필요수량 차이에 관한 연구" 한국농공학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers 23 (2): 35~44    
    2. 1986 "Weighing Lysimeter에 의한 결구상치의 증발산량 조사연구" 한국농공학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers 28 (4): 41~48    
    3. 1987 "Floating Lysimeter 에 의한 가을배추의 소비수량 조사연구" 한국농공학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers 29 (2): 23~29    
    4. 1988 "밭 관개의 계획용수량 및 시설용량의 정립에 관한 연구 -증발산량 실측에 의한 밭용수량의 추정에 관하여-" 한국농공학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers 30 (4): 23~44    
    5. 1989 "시설채소의 수경재배방법별 소비수량과 생육에 관한 연구" 한국농공학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers 31 (1): 31~44    
    6. 1994 "범용화 논의 암거배수조직 설계기법" 한국 관개 배수 = KCID journal 1 (1): 44~53    
    7. 1994 "소유역의 한발지표 정립" 한국 관개 배수 = KCID journal 1 (2): 22~28    
    8. 1995 "관개용 저수지의 한발지수산정" 한국농공학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers 37 (6): 103~111    
    9. 1995 "환경보전과 지속적 농업" 한국 관개 배수 = KCID journal 2 (1): 65~67    
    10. 1995 "지역개발에 따른 설계홍수량 변화" 한국 관개 배수 = KCID journal 2 (2): 27~36    
  • 지용근 (7)

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