Optimal feature selection using genetic algorithm for mechanical fault detection of induction motor
Time-domain vibration signals are measured in all horizontal, axial, and vertical directions for induction motor mechanical fault diagnostics. Many features are extracted from these signals. The problem is how to find the good features among the feature set in order to receive reliable classifications. Based on specific distance criteria, a genetic algorithm(GA) is introduced to reduce the number of features by selecting optimized ones for fault classification purpose. A decision tree and multi-class support vector machine are used to illustrate the potentiality and efficiency of this selection method. Comparisons show that the diagnostic systems after selecting specific features perform better than the original system.
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