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Biotechnology and bioprocess engineering v.14 no.3, 2009년, pp.316 - 321  
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Enhanced Production of $\delta$-Aminolevulinic Acid, Bilipigments, and Antioxidants from Tropical Algae of India

Pandey, Usha    (Faculty of Science and Technology, M. G. Kashividya Pith   ); Pandey, Jitendra    (Centre of Advanced Study in Botany, Banaras Hindu University  );
  • 초록

    We studied the enhanced production of high quality biomass, $\delta$ -aminolevulinic acid ( $\delta$ -ALA), bilipigments, and antioxidants from five tropical blue green algae (cyanobacteria) in a full factorial design using free and immobilized cells in batch culture. Production of nutraceuticals was high in spray dried powder prepared from immobilized cell cultures. Nostochopsis lobatus showed superiority over rest of the species with respect to bilipigments, $\delta$ -ALA, nutritive value, antioxidant capacity, and ascorbate oxidase (APX) activity. Antioxidative capacity of phycobiliproteins extracted from these cyanobacteria ( $121.15\;{\mu}M$ TE/g, Nostoc verrucosum to $217.62\;{\mu}M$ TE/g, Nostochopsis lobatus) was invariably higher than those observed for higher plant sources and substantially increased under immobilized cell culture condition. Antioxidative enzyme, ascorbate oxidase remained stable in dry food preparations with considerably high activity under immobilized cell preparations ( $APX_{max}$ , $3.40\;{\mu}mol$ /min/mg chlorophyll). These observations have important connotations in light of upcoming food and nutraceutical industries in the global market. Use of immobilized cells in batch culture could be an effective approach for scaling up production for commercial use.


  • 주제어

    biomass .   phycobilipigments .   $\delta$-ALA .   blue green algae .   nutraceuticals .   antioxidants.  

  • 참고문헌 (27)

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