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공학교육연구 = Journal of engineering education research v.12 no.3, 2009년, pp.79 - 95   피인용횟수: 6

해외 여성 공학교육 프로그램의 분석
Analyses of Female Engineering Education Programs Abroad

박지은    (연세대학교 대학원   ); 김지현    (경원대학교 화공생명공학과   ); 정윤경    (가톨릭대학교 심리학과   ); 오명숙    (홍익대학교 신소재.화공시스템공학부  );
  • 초록

    국내 여성공학 프로그램의 확산을 위하여 미국, 유럽, 호주의 프로그램을 분석하였다. 이들 국가에서는 이미 1970년대부터 공학 분야의 낮은 여성의 참여율에 주목하고, 이를 개선하기 위한 많은 연구와 프로그램이 수행되었다. 연구들은 여성의 참여율이 저조한 원인으로 K-12 단계에서 수학과 과학의 기피, 교육과정에서 여성을 다르게 취급하는 "차가운 교육환경 (chilly climate)", 그리고 공학계의 남성 중심의 문화 등을 지목하고 있다. 프로그램 측면에서는 여성과 교육시스템에 대해 종합적인 접근법을 사용하여 각 단계 학교와 대학뿐만 아니라 다양한 지역단체를 활용하여 초등학생부터 대학원생, 그리고 학부모, 교사, 교수, 교육 행정가들을 위한 프로그램이 시행되고 있다. 이러한 프로그램의 국내 도입을 위해서는 국내 공학전공 여학생이 처한 환경에 대한 실태 파악이 우선되어야 하며, 범 국가전인 정책과 재정 지원을 바탕으로 공학계 전체가 교육 제도, 환경, 문화를 바꾸어 가야 한다.

    Women engineering education programs in the United States, Europe and Australia were analyzed. From 1970s, these countries focused on the low representation of women in engineering, and carried out extensive research and programs. Numerous studies identified the causes of low representation as low interests in mathematics and science during K-12 years, classroom environments which treat women differently (often referred as chilly climate), and the masculine culture in engineering. Comprehensive approaches were taken in the development of the programs: the programs utilized the schools and universities as well as various local institutes, and the programs were designed not only for female students from elementary to graduate levels, but also for parents, teachers, professors, and school administrators. In order to adopt these programs in Korea, the problems that Korean female engineering students are facing in the education environment must be investigated first. Then, unified efforts to change the educational system, environments and culture are needed by all in engineering fields, along with nation-wide policies and funding.

  • 주제어

    여성 .   공학프로그램 .   미국 .   유럽 .   호주.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (6)

    1. Kang, Seung-Hee 2010. "A Study on the Differences of Academic Achievement, Self-Efficacy, and Engineering Self-Efficacy with Gender of Engineering Students" 공학교육연구 = Journal of engineering education research, 13(4): 60~69     
    2. Han, Ji-Young ; Han, Seung-Woo ; Kim, Young-Suk 2010. "The Need Analysis for Development of the Customized Educational Programs for Engineering Female Students" 공학교육연구 = Journal of engineering education research, 13(4): 130~142     
    3. Han, Kyong-Hee ; Park, Joon-Hong ; Kang, Ho-Jung 2010. "Engineering and Gender: How to Deal with It in Engineering Education? - From the Experiences of Women Into Engineering (WIE) Program in Korea -" 공학교육연구 = Journal of engineering education research, 13(1): 38~51     
    4. Kim, Ji-Hyeon ; Jeong, Yoon-Kyung ; Oh, Myong-Sook 2011. "Examination of Gender-Related Attitudes of Engineering Professors as a Correlate for Career Barrier of Female Engineering Students" 공학교육연구 = Journal of engineering education research, 14(1): 46~54     
    5. Kim, Ji-Hyeon 2011. "" 공학교육 = Engineering education, 18(4): 38~40     
    6. Paik, Seounghey ; Kim, Jung Hee ; Cho, Susun ; Kim, Sunja ; Kim, Hangsuk ; Kim, Dong-Ik ; Kim, Songja ; Lee, Buhyung 2015. "A Cognition of Students and Faculty on the Educational Effects of Gender Sensitivity in Engineering Courses" 공학교육연구 = Journal of engineering education research, 18(2): 52~64     

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