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과불화 화합물 (PFCs); 새로운 도전과 과제
Perfluorinated Compounds; New Challenge and Problem

손희종    (부산광역시 상수도사업본부 수질연구소   ); 유수전    (부산광역시 상수도사업본부 수질연구소   ); 노재순    (부산광역시 상수도사업본부 수질연구소  );
  • 초록

    전세계적으로 과불화 화합물들에 의한 오염은 심각한 수준에 도달해 있다. 이들은 난분해성으로 환경에 장기간 머물며 생물축적 (bioaccumulation) 및 생물확대 (biomagnification)의 원인 물질로 인간과 동물들에게 심각한 피해를 유발한다. 또한, 이들은 광분해, 생물분해 및 화학적인 분해에도 매우 큰 내성을 가지고 있기 때문에 상 하수 처리공정에서 과불화 화합물에 대한 제거율이 낮다. 국내의 경우는 아직까지 주요 하천과 호소에서의 이들의 오염현황에 대한 변변한 조사나 연구보고도 없는 실정이다. 본 논문에서는 과불화 화합물들에 대한 국내에서의 관심을 고조시키기 위해 과불화 화합물의 종류 및 유래, 위해성, 상수와 하수에서의 거동 및 처리공정으로 나누어 과불화 화합물들에 대해 간략하게 기술하였다.


    Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) have been recognized as emerging environmental pollutants and are widely distributed all over the world. These compounds are hardly degradable and cause bioaccumulation and biomagnification during present for a long time in the environment: thereby after adversely biota and human bodies. It is difficult to remove PFCs using conventional water/wastewater treatment because of resistant property to photodecomposition, biodegradation and chemical decomposition. Moreover, domestic literature data on the pollution of PFCs in rivers and lakes are limited. In this paper, species, sources and risk of PFCs as well as behavior properties in drinking water/wastewater and treatment processes are demonstrated to encourage the domestic concern about PFCs.


  • 주제어

    과불화 화합물 .   위해성 .   거동 .   처리공정 .   상수 .   하수.  

  • 참고문헌 (79)

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (4)

    1. Son, Hee-Jong ; Yoom, Hoon-Sik ; Kim, Kyung-A ; Ryu, Sang-Weoun ; Kwon, Ki-Won 2013. "Characteristics of Removal of Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs) Using Magnetic Ion Exchange Resin (MIEX®) in Water" Journal of environmental science international = 한국환경과학회지, 22(8): 1009~1017     
    2. Son, Hee-Jong ; Yoom, Hoon-Sik ; Jung, Jong-Moon ; Jang, Seung-Ho 2013. "Application of On-Line SPE-LC/MSD to Measure Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs) in Water" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 35(2): 75~83     
    3. Son, Hee-Jong ; Hwang, Young-Do ; Yoom, Hoon-Sik ; Choi, Jin-Taek ; Kwon, Ki-Won 2013. "Detection of Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs) in Nakdong River Basin" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 35(2): 84~93     
    4. Son, Hee-Jong ; Yoo, Soo-Jeon ; Jang, Seung-Ho 2013. "The Evaluation of Adsorption Characteristics of Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs) in GAC Process Using Continuous Column Adsorption Test" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 35(3): 206~212     

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    8. 2005 "생물활성탄 공정에서 활성탄 재질에 따른 부착미생물 군집특성" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers 27 (12): 1311~1320    
    9. 2005 "분류된 천연유기물질을 이용한 막 오염 특성 평가" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers 27 (12): 1321~1326    
    10. 2006 "원수의 물리.화학적 특성에 따른 막 분리 공정의 전처리 공정 적용성 평가" 대한환경공학회지 = Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers 28 (6): 613~619    
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