본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

International journal of human ecology v.10 no.1, 2009년, pp.47 - 59  
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Relationship of Vertical versus Horizontal Individualism and Collectivism with Self-differentiation among Korean College Students

Chung, Hye-Jeong    (Department of Child Studies, Chonbuk National University  );
  • 초록

    This study investigates the relationship of self-differentiation with individualism and collectivism among college students. Special focus was on whether distinctions between vertical and horizontal individualism and collectivism were more useful in examining the relationship with self-differentiation. The results reveal that different aspects of individualism and collectivism were differently related to self-differentiation, indicating that self-differentiation was negatively associated with all aspects of collectivism and with vertical individualism, but positively with horizontal individualism. This study proved that four distinct constructs were more useful in explaining the effects on self-differentiation. The implications of the findings are discussed for clinicians and future research.


  • 주제어

    self-differentiation .   individualism .   collectivism .   Bowen model.  

  • 참고문헌 (40)

    1. Ault-Riche, M. (Ed.). (1986). Women and family therapy. Rockville, MD: Aspen 
    2. Bowen, M. (1976). Theory in the practice of psychotherapy. In P. J. Guerin, Jr. (Ed.), Family therapy: Theory and practice (pp. 42-90). New York: Gardner Press 
    3. Bowen, M. (1978). Family therapy in clinical practice. New York: Jason Aronson 
    4. Carter, E., & McGoldrick, M. (1999). The expanded family life cycle: Individual, family, and social perspectives (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon 
    5. Chung, H., and Gale, J. (2006). Comparing self-differentiation and psychological well-being between Korean and European American students. Contemporary Family Therapy, 28, 367-381 
    6. Comings, D. E., Gade-Andavolu, R., Golzalez, N., Wu, S., Muhleman, D., Blake, H., Dietz, G., Saucier, G., and MacMurray, J. P. (2000). Comparison of the role of dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenaline genes in ADHD, ODD and conduct disorder: Multivariate regression analysis of 20 genes. Clin. Genet., 57, 178-196 
    7. Garbarino, J., Gaa, J. P., Swant, P., McPherson, R., % Gratch, L. V. (1995). The relation of individuation and psychosocial development. Journal of FamilyPsychology, 9, 311-318 
    8. Johnson, R. A., & Wichern, D. W. (1998). Applied multivariate statistical analysis. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall 
    9. Kosek, R. B. (1998). Self-differentiation within couples. Psychological Reports, 83, 275-279 
    10. Lee, S. H. (1998). Bowen's differentiation of self: Its application to Korean families. Korean Journal of Family Therapy, 6(2), 151-176 
    11. Miller, R. B., Anderson, S., & Keala, D. K. (2004). Is Bowen theory valid? A review of basic research. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 30, 281-300 
    12. Peleg-Popko, O. (2002). Bowen theory: A study of differentiation of self, social anxiety, and physiological symptoms. Contemporary Family Therapy, 24(2), 355-369 
    13. Rhee, E., Uleman, J. S., & Lee, H. K. (1996). Variations in collectivism and individualism by ingroup and culture: Confirmatory factor analyses. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(5), 1037-1054 
    14. Singelis, T. M., & Sharkey, W. F. (1995). Culture, selfconstrual, and embarrassability. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 26, 622-645 
    15. Singelis, T. M., Triandis, H. C., Bhawuk, D. P., and Gelfand, M. J. (1995). Horizontal and vertical dimensions of individualism and collectivism: A theoretical and measurement refinement. Cross-cultural Research, 29(3), 240-275 
    16. Skowron, E. A., Holmes, S. E., & Sabatelli, R. M. (2003). Deconstructing differentiation: Self regulation, interdependent relating, and well-being in adulthood. Contemporary Family Therapy, 25(1), 111-129 
    17. Tang, N. M. (1992). Some psychoanalytic implications of Chinese philosophy and child-rearing practices.Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 47, 371-389 
    18. Triandis, H. C., Bontempo, R., Villareal, M. J., Asai, M., & Lucca, N. (1988). Individualism and collectivism: Cross-cultural perspectives on self-ingroup relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 323-338 
    19. Triandis, H. C., & Gelfand, M. J. (1998). Converging measurement of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(1), 118-128 
    20. Essandoh, P. K. (1995). Counseling issues with African college students in U. S. colleges and universities. The Counseling Psychologist, 23, 348-360 
    21. Kerr, M., & Bowen, M. (1988). Family evaluation. New York: Norton 
    22. Grim, S. D., Church, Datigbak, M. S., & Reyes, J. A. (1999). Self-described traits, values, and moods associated with individualism and collectivism: Testing I-C theory in an individualistic (U. S.) and a collectivistic (Philippine) culture. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 30(4), 466-500 
    23. Knudson-Martin, C. (1994). The female voice: Applications to Bowen's family systems theory. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 20, 35-46 
    24. Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism and collectivism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press 
    25. Skowron, E., & Schmitt, T. A. (2003). Assessing interpersonal fusion: Reliability and validity of a new DSI fusion with others subscale. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 29, 209-222 
    26. Tuason, M. T., & Friedlander, M. L. (2000). Do parents' differentiation levels predict those of their adult children? And other tests of Bowen theory in a Philippine sample. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47(1), 27-35 
    27. Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture's consequences: International differences in work-related values. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications 
    28. Tamura, T., & Lau, A. (1992). Connectedness versus separateness: Applicability of family therapy to Japanese families. Family Process, 31(4), 319-340 
    29. Skowron, E. (2004). Differentiation of self, personal adjustment, problem solving, and ethnic group belonging among persons of color. Journal of Counseling & Development, 82, 447-456 
    30. Peleg, O. (2005). The relation between differentiation and social anxiety: What can be learned from students and their parents?. American Journal of Family Therapy, 33, 167-183 
    31. Skowron, E. (2000). The role of differentiation of self in marital adjustment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47, 229-237 
    32. Triandis, H. C. (1994). Culture and social behavior. New York: McGraw-Hill 
    33. Shin, H. (2002). Bowen family therapy theories and application to Korean family. Human Ecology Research, 7, 193-201 
    34. Kim, U., Triandis, H. C., Kagitcibasi, C., Choi, S., & Yoon, G. (Eds.). (1994). Individualism and collectivism: Theory, method, and applications (Cross-cultural Research and Methodology, No. 18). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage 
    35. Markus, H. R., & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and self: Implications for cognition, motivation, and emotion. Psychological Review, 98, 224-253 
    36. Triandis, H. C., Bontempo, R., Villareal, M. J., Asai, M., & Lucca, N. (1988). Individualism and collectivism: Cross-cultural perspectives on self-ingroup relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 323-338 
    37. Skowron, E., & Friedlander, M. (1998). The differentiation of self inventory: Development and initial validation. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 28, 235-246 
    38. Gushue, G. V., & Constantine, M. G. (2003). Examining individualism, collectivism, and self-differentiation in African American college women. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 25(1), 1-15 
    39. Triandis, H. C. (1989). The self and social behavior in differing cultural contexts. Psychological Review, 96, 506-520 
    40. Choi, K. (2002). Psychological separation-individuation and adjustment to college among Korean American students: The roles of collectivism and individualism. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 49(4),468-475 

 저자의 다른 논문

  • 정혜정 (28)

    1. 1999 "가정폭력 예방 및 대처 프로그램 모형개발 - 배우자 학대를 중심으로 -" 대한가정학회지 = Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 37 (2): 159~174    
    2. 1999 "아내학대에 대한 적응의 영향 변인 - Double ABCX 모델을 기초로 -" 대한가정학회지 = Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 37 (10): 107~122    
    3. 2000 "가정환경 변인에 따른 청소년의 비행 연구" 한국가정과학회지 = Korean journal of human ecology 3 (2): 1~12    
    4. 2000 "신혼기 부부의 비합리적 신념과 결혼만족도의 관계" 한국가정과학회지 = Korean journal of human ecology 3 (2): 27~38    
    5. 2002 "기혼남녀의 자아분화 수준에 따른 갈등 대처 행동 및 결혼 적응에 관한 연구" 한국가정관리학회지 = Journal of Korean Home Management Association 20 (1): 1~16    
    6. 2002 "학대 경험 아내들의 결혼불안정성에 관한 연구" 대한가정학회지 = Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 40 (9): 17~33    
    7. 2003 "대학생의 가정폭력 경험이 데이팅 폭력 가해에 미치는 영향" 대한가정학회지 = Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association 41 (3): 73~91    
    8. 2003 "부부의 노부모 부양부담 및 세대간 결속과 결혼만족도에 관한 연구" 한국가정관리학회지 = Journal of Korean Home Management Association 21 (6): 1~13    
    9. 2004 "청소년 자녀가 지각한 부모의 부부관계 및 부모에 대한 애착과 학교적응의 관계" 한국가정관리학회지 = Journal of Korean Home Management Association 22 (3): 47~61    
    10. 2006 "성과 관련된 부모역할이 대학생의 성태도 및 성행동에 미치는 영향" 한국가정관리학회지 = Journal of Korean Home Management Association 24 (1): 271~286    

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • NDSL :
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기