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Identification of the Food Sources-Metabolism of the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas using Carbon and Nitrogen Stable Isotopic Ratios

Yang, Jin-Yong    (Department of Environmental Marine Sciences, Hanyang University   ); Shin, Kyung-Hoon    (Department of Environmental Marine Sciences, Hanyang University  );
  • 초록

    In order to understand food sources-metabolism for the pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas), the stable isotope ratios of carbon ( ${\delta}^{13}C$ ) and nitrogen ( ${\delta}^{15}N$ ) of its gut, gill, and muscle as well as potential food sources (particulate organic matter, sedimentary organic matter, benthic microalgae, seagrass detritus) were determined in Dongdae Bay. Average ${\delta}^{13}C$ and ${\delta}^{15}N$ values reflect that oysters primarily fed on sedimentary organic matter as opposed to suspended organic matter during summer and winter seasons. However, the relatively enriched $^{15}N$ values of particulate organic matter (> $250{\mu}m$ ) and sedimentary organic matter in the summer may be due to the photosynthetic incorporation of $^{15}N$ -enriched nitrogen (DIN) or the spawning events of bivalves. Specific oyster tissues (gut, gill, and muscle) revealed different metabolic pathways, which were determined through analysis of ${\delta}^{13}C$ and ${\delta}^{15}N$ in each organ. The present results suggest the determination of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes to be a useful approach in ecological research related to the food sources- metabolism of Crassostrea gigas.

  • 주제어

    Dongdae Bay .   stable isotope ratios .   Crassostrea gigas .   food source.  

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