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버스와 자전거를 이용한 통근 수단에 따른 PM10 노출량의 비교
Comparison of Commuters' PM10 Exposure Using Different Transportation Modes of Bus and Bicycle

김원   (서울대학교 보건대학원 환경보건학과  ); 김성연   (서울대학교 보건대학원 환경보건학과  ); 이지연   (서울대학교 보건대학원 환경보건학과  ); 김성근   (서울대학교 보건대학원 환경보건학과  ); 이기영   (서울대학교 보건대학원 환경보건학과  );
  • 초록

    Cycling has been lately recommended as an alternative commuting mode because it is believed to be good for health and the environment. However, the exposure to environmental pollutants, such as fine particulates, could be a potential problem for cycling in urban environments. In this study, we compared commuters' $PM_{10}$ exposure using the different transportation modes of bicycle and bus. When a bicycle was used as a commuting mode, the additional $PM_{10}$ exposure due to transportation was about 3.5 times higher than that when using a bus. The difference of additional $PM_{10}$ exposures by cycling and bus was statistically significant (p $PM_{10}$ exposure during cycling was significantly correlated with atmospheric $PM_{10}$ concentration (r=0.98, p $PM_{10}$ exposure when using the bicycle as the mode of transport were its vicinity to road traffic and routes that were unavoidably close to road traffic. Bicycle commuting along the road side may not be good for health. Exclusive bicycle lanes away from road traffic are recommended.


  • 주제어

    $PM_{10}$ .   commuting .   bicycle .   bus.  

  • 참고문헌 (9)

    1. David, J. B., Kees de Hoogh, Morris, C., Gulliver, J. : Effects of travel mode on exposures to particulate air pollution. Environmental International, 34, 12-22, 2008 
    2. Hertel, O., Hvidberg, M., Ketzel, M., Storm, L., Stausgaard, L. : A proper choice of route significantly reduces air pollution exposure-A study on bicycles and bus trips in urban streets. The Science of the Total Environment, 389, 58-70, 2008 
    3. Adams, H. S., Nieuwenhuijsen, M. J., Colvile, R. N., McMullen, M. A., Khandelwal, P. : Fine particle (PM$_{2.5}$) personal exposure levels in transport microenvironments, London, UK. The Science of the Total Environment, 279, 29-44, 2001 
    4. Tsai, D.-H., Wu, Y.-H., Chan, C.-C. : Comparisons of commuter's exposure to particulate matters while using different transportation modes. The Science of the Total Environment, 405, 71-77, 2008 
    5. Thai, A., Mckendry, I., Brauer, M. : Particulate matter exposure along designated bicycle routes in Vancouver, British Columbia. The Science of the Total Environment, 405, 26-35, 2008 
    6. Zhao, L., Wang, X., He, Q., Wang, H., Sheng G., Chan, L. Y., Fu, J., Blake, D. R. : Exposure to hazardous volatile organic compounds, PM$_{10}$ and CO while walking along streets in urban Guangzhou, China. Atmospheric Environment, 38, 6177-6184, 2004 
    7. Rank, J., Floke, J., Per, H. J. : Differences in cyclists and car drivers exposure to air pollution from traffic in the city of Copenhagen. The Science of the Total Environment, 279, 131-136, 2001 
    8. Gee, I. L., Rapper, D. W. : Commuter exposure to respirable particles inside buses and by bicycle. The Science of the Total Environment, 235, 403-405, 1999 
    9. World Health Organization : Development of WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality. Bonn Germany: World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, 2006 

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  • Kim, Sung-Yeon (2)

    1. 2004 "일부 농촌지역의 오염원 현황과 먹는 물 수질에 관한 조사연구" 韓國環境保健學會誌 = Journal of environmental health sciences 30 (2): 98~103    
    2. 2005 "서울시 일부 지역의 대기 중 미세먼지에 관한 연구" 韓國環境保健學會誌 = Journal of environmental health sciences 31 (4): 301~308    
  • 김성근 (3)

  • 이기영 (27)

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