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Validation of a CFD model for hydraulic seals

Roy, Vincent Le    (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal   ); Guibault, Francois    (Department of Computer Engineering and Software Engineering, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal   ); Vu, Thi C.    (Andritz Hydro Ltd.  );
  • 초록

    Optimization of seal geometries can reduce significantly the energetic losses in a hydraulic seal [1], especially for high head runner turbine. In the optimization process, a reliable prediction of the losses is needed and CFD is often used. This paper presents numerical experiments to determine an adequate CFD model for straight, labyrinth and stepped hydraulic seals used in Francis runners. The computation is performed with a finite volume commercial CFD code with a RANS low Reynolds turbulence model. As numerical computations in small radial clearances of hydraulic seals are not often encountered in the literature, the numerical results are validated with experimental data on straight seals and labyrinth seals. As the validation is satisfactory enough, geometrical optimization of hydraulic seals using CFD will be studied in future works.


  • 주제어

    CFD .   SST turbulence model .   hydraulic seal .   straight seal .   labyrinth seal .   experimental validation.  

  • 참고문헌 (15)

    1. Rhode, D.L., S.H. Ko, and G.L. Morrison, 1994, "Leakage optimization of labyrinth seals using a Navier-Stokes code," Tribology Transactions, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 105-110. 
    2. Rhode, D.L., J.W. Johnson, and D.H. Broussard, 1997, "Flow visualization and leakage measurements of stepped labyrinth seals : Part 1-Annular Groove," Journal of Turbomachinery, Vol. 119, No. 4, pp. 839-843. 
    3. Rhode, D.L., J.W. Johnson, and D.H. Broussard, 1997, "Flow visualization and leakage measurements of stepped labyrinth seals : Part 2-Sloping Surfaces," Journal of Turbomachinery, Vol. 119, No. 4, pp. 844-848. 
    4. Lang, J.H., 1964, "Investigation of discharge coefficient for different labyrinth seal," Dominion Engineering Works, 53-1256BT. 
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    6. Vu, T., 1978, "Viscous seal : theoretical analysis and computer program," Dominion Engineering Works, 1230-18. 
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    8. Elrod, H.G., 1973, "Some refinements of the theory of the viscous screw pump," ASME Trans. J. Lubric. Technol., Vol. 95, No. 1, pp. 82-93. 
    9. Elrod, H.G. and C.W. Ng, 1967, "A Theory of Turbulent Films and its Application to Bearings," ASME J. Lubr. Technol., Vol. 89, No. 1, pp. 347-362. 
    10. Rhode, D.L. and G.H. Nail, 1992, "Computation of cavity by cavity flow development in generic labyrinth seals," Journal of Tribology, Vol. 114, No., pp. 47-51. 
    11. Asok, S.P., et al., 2007, "Neural network and CFD-based optimization of square cavity and curved cavity static labyrinth seals," Tribology International, Vol. 40, No. 7, pp. 1204-1216. 
    12. Schramm, V., et al., 2004, "Shape optimization of a labyrinth seal applying the simulated annealing method," International Journal of Rotating Machinery, Vol. 10, No. 5, pp. 365-371. 
    13. Morrison, G.L., M.C. Johnson, and G.B. Tatterson, 1991, "3-D laser anemometer measurements in a labyrinth seal," Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol. 113, No. 1, pp. 119-125. 
    14. Chochua, G., W. Shyy, and J. Moore, 2002, "Computational modeling for honeycomb stator gas annular seal," Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 45, No. 9, pp. 1849-1963. 
    15. Kaye, J. and E.C. Elgar, 1958, "Model of adiabatic and diabatic fluid flow in annulus with an inner rotating cylinder," Transactions of ASME, Vol. 80, No. 1, pp. 753-765. 

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