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식물 잎을 이용한 중금속 이온의 제거에 관한 연구
Removal of Heavy Metal Ions from Aqueous Solution by Leaves

김종규    (가천의과학대학교 보건행정학과   ); 이장훈    (호서대학교 환경공학과   ); 이수영    (호서대학교 환경공학과   ); 나경원    (호서대학교 환경공학과   ); 나규환    (연세대학교 환경과학과   ); 최한영    (을지대학교 보건환경과학부  );
  • 초록

    In this research, I carried out the adsorption and removal test of Pb, Ni, Co and Cu ions using organic substances spread out any where in the nature which can be obtained easily from our neighbor-such as Paulownia coreana, Pinus densiflora, Juniperus chinesis, Quercus dentata, Magnolia kobus, Platanus occidentalis, Gingko biloba, Diospyros kaki leaves. As the result of the research to find the best optional condition for the adsorption and removal, shows that the adsorption and removal ratio of Pb ion by a Paulownia coreana raw leaves is 99% at $70^{\circ}C$ , those of Ni ion and Co ion by Magnolia kobus formalin treatment leaves are 79% at $70^{\circ}C$ , 97% at $40^{\circ}C$ respectively. And that of Cu ion by Platanus occidentalis treatment leaves is 97% at $50^{\circ}C$ in mixed solution. As the result of comparing the removal ratio by raw leaves and formalin treatment leaves, the removal ratio of treatment is 30~90% more effective than raw leaves in most cases. And I concluded Pb > Cu > Co > Ni ion in multiple solution and Co > Ni > Cu >Pb ion in single solution after testing adsorption and removal ratio of mixed solution separately as time goes by. In general, the reactions were completed within first 5 minutes. The test result of measuring the hydrolysable tannin content of each leaf shows that an overcup Quercus dentata is 11.36%, a Diospyros kaki is 10.81% and the rest of them are 2.49~4.12% in raw leaves cases. In treatment leaves cases, an overcup Quercus dentata is 3.23% and the others are less than 1%.


  • 주제어

    Leaves .   Adsorption and Removal .   Heavy metal ion .   Tannin.  

  • 참고문헌 (16)

    1. Radi Salin ; Removal of Lead from polluted water using Decaying Leaves, J. Environ. Sci. Health, A29(10), pp.2087-2114, 1994 
    2. Karuppanna Periasamy and Chinnaiya Namasivayam ; Process Development for Removal and Recovery of Cadium from Wastewater by a Low Cost Adsorbent ; Adsorption Rates and Equibrium studies, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., Vol. 33, pp.317-320, 1984 
    3. Gang sun and Weixing Shi ; Sunflower stalks as Adsorbents for the Removal of Metal ions from Wastewater, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., Vol. 37, pp.1324-1328, 1998 
    4. Waiss A, C., Wiley M. E., Kuhle J. A., Potter A. L., McGready R, M., ; Adsorption of mercuric action by tannins In agricultural residues, J, Environ. Quality. Vol. 3, pp.369-371, 1973 
    5. H. Y. Choi, J. S. Shin, K. H. Ra ; Studies on Adsorption of Organa-Mineral ions using Eucommia ulmoides Leaves. Kor. J. Env. Hlth. Soc., Vol. 24, No.4, pp.166-171, 1998 
    6. V. J. Larsen and Hans-Henrik schierup ; The use of straw for removal of heavy metals from waste water, J. Environ. Qual. Vol. 10, pp.188-193, 1981 
    7. Vinoid. K. Gupta ; Equilibrium uptake, Sorption Dynamics, Process Development and Column Operations for the Removal of Copper and Nickel from Aqueous Solution and Wastewater using Activated Slag, a Low-Cost Adsorbent, Ind. Eng. Chern. Res., Vol. 37, pp.192-202, 1998 
    8. Randall J. M. : Variation In diffectiveness of Bark as scavengers for heavy metal ions. For. Prod. J. Vol. 27, No.11, pp.51-56, 1977 
    9. Randall J. M., R. L. Bermann, V. Garrett and A. C. Waiss, Jr.,; Use of Bark to remove heavy metal ions from waste solution, For. Prod. J., Vol. 24, No.9, pp.80-84, 1974 
    10. Sung Ho Lee, Chong Hun Jung, Hon Suk Chung, Moo Yeal Lee and Ji-won Yang ; Removal of Heavy Metals from Aqueous solution by Apple Residues, Process Biochemistry, Vol. 33, No. 2 pp.205-211, 1998 
    11. Vincent Gloaguen and Henri Morvan ; Removal of Heavy metal ions from Aqueous Solution by Modified Barks, J, Environ. Sci. Health, A32(4), pp.901-912, 1997 
    12. John M. Randall, F. William Reuter and Anthony C.Waiss : Removal of cupric ion from solution by contant with Peanut skins, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 19, pp.1563-1571, 1975 
    13. Radi Salin ; Removal of Nickel from water using Decaying Leaves, J. Environ. Sci. Health, A23(3), pp.183-197, 1988 
    14. Taeko Matsuzaki and Yukihiko Hara ; Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi, Vol. 59, 129, 1985 
    15. K. K. Pandary, Gur Prasad and V. N. Singh ; Copper Removal Aqueous solutions by Fly Ash, Water Res., Vol. 13, No.7, pp.363-873, 1985 
    16. William D. InsKeep ; Adsorption of Sulfate by Kaolite and Amorphous Ion Oxide In the Presence of Organic Ligands, J. Environ, Qual., Vol. 18, pp.379-385, 1989 

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