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배양조류의 염소소독에 의한 클로로포름 생성특성 연구
Formation of Chloroform from Algal Cell Cultures by Chlorination

김학철    (한국수자원공사 K-water연구원   ); 최일환    (한국수자원공사 K-water연구원  );
  • 초록

    Unusual bloom of toxic cyanobacteria in water bodies have drawn attention of environmentalists world over. Major bloom of Anabaena, Microcystis in water storage reservoir, rivers and lake leading to adverse health effects have been reported from Australia, England and many part of the world. These cyanobacterial cells can release intercellular matter like toxin in water and these intercellular matter can increase the concentration of organic matter. Cellysis can occur when algal cells meet the disinfectants like chlorine in water treatment plant and the resultant rising up of DOC(Dissolved Organic Carbon) or TOC(Total Organic Carbon) can increase the formation of disinfection by products. Disinfectants that kill microorganisms react with the organic or inorganic matter in raw water. In general disinfectants oxidize the matter in raw water and the resultant products can be harmful to human. There are always conflict about which is more important, disinfection or minimizing disinfection by products. The best treatment process for raw water is the process of the lowest disinfection by products and also the the lowest microorganism. In this study the cultured cells, Microcytis Aeruginosa(MA), Anabaena Flos-aquae(AF), Anabaena Cylindrica(AC), and the cells obtained in Daechung Dam(DC) whose dominant species was Anabaena Cylindrica were subjected to chlorination. Chlorination oxidizes inorganic and organic compounds and destruct live cells in raw water. Chloroform was analyzed for the cultured cells which were treated with $20mg/\ell$ dose of chlorine. In general chloroform is easily formed when dissolved organic matter react with chlorine. The cultured cells contributes the concentration of dissolved organic carbon and also that of total organic carbon which might be potent precusors of chloroform formed. The correlations of the concentration of chloroform, DOC and TOC were investigate in this study.


  • 주제어

    chlorine .   chloroform .   oxidation .   cultured cells.  

  • 참고문헌 (10)

    1. Takaara, T., Sano, D., Konno, H., Omura, T., 2007. Cellular proteins of Microcystis aeruginosa inhibiting coagulation with polyaluminum chloride. Water Research 41 (8), 1653-1658 
    2. Hureiki, L., Croue, J.P., Legube, B., 1994. Chlorination studies of free and combined amino-acids. Water Research, 28 (12), 2521-2531 
    3. Wardlaw, V.E., Perry, R., Graham, N.J.D., 1991. The role of algae as trihalomethane precursors - a review. Journal of Water Supply Research and Technology-Aqua, 40 (6), 335-345 
    4. Graham, N.J.D., Wardlaw, V.E., Perry, R., Jiang, J.Q., 1998. The significance of algae as trihalomethane precursors. Water Science and Technology, 37 (2), 39-83 
    5. Plummer, J.D., Edzwald, J.K.. 2001. Effect of ozone on algae as precursors for trihalomethane and haloacetic acid production. Environmental Science & Technology, 35 (18), 3661-3668 
    6. Westerhoff, P., Mash, H., 2002. Dissolved organic nitrogen in drinking water supplies: a review. Journal of Water Supply Research and Technology-Aqua, 51 (8), 415-448 
    7. Nguyen, M.L., Westerhoff, P., Baker, L., Hu, Q., Esparza-Soto, M., Sommerfeld, M., 2005. Characteristics and reactivity of algae produced dissolved organic carbon. Journal of Environmental Engineering-Asce, 131 (11), 1574-1582 
    8. Plummer, J.D., Edzwald, J.K., 2002. Effects of chlorine and ozone on algal cell properties and removal of algae by coagulation. Journal of Water Supply Research and Technology-Aqua 51 (6), 307-318 
    9. Henderson, R.K., Baker, A., Parsons, S.A., Jefferson, B., 2008. Characterization of algogenic organic matter extracted from cyanobacteria, green algae and diatoms. Water Research 42 (13), 3435-3445 
    10. Scully, F.E., Howell, G.D., Kravitz, R., Jewell, J.T., Hahn, V., Speed, M., 1988. Proteins in natural-waters and their relation to the formation of chlorinated organics during water disinfection. Environmental Science & Technology, 22 (5), 537-542 

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