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Environmental Specimen Bank and Ecosystem Assessment

Kim, Myungjin    (Ecosystem Assessment Division, National Institute of Environmental Research   ); Kim, Jiyeon    (Ecosystem Assessment Division, National Institute of Environmental Research   ); Cho, Yongjoo    (Ecosystem Assessment Division, National Institute of Environmental Research   ); Yoo, Byungho    (Ecosystem Assessment Division, National Institute of Environmental Research  );
  • 초록

    Environmental specimen bank (ESB) is a new tool to assess ecosystem in environmental impact assessment (EIA). ESB looks at changes in the concentration of pollutants in human and environmental specimens over long periods of time through retrospective analysis of archived samples. Korea started to design its National Environmental Specimen Bank (NESB) in 2007 and planned to launch an operational pilot project by 2010. NESB prepares five Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) of shoots of Red and Korean pine, leaves of Mongolian oak, Pigeon's egg, and Common carp's muscle out of 14 planned specimens in 2009. ESB contributes to monitoring the effectiveness of EIA projects and policies by providing a time capsule through ecosystem assessment of representative species. This study reviews ecosystem assessment in EIA and the ESB establishment in Korea and probes NESB applications in ecosystem assessment.


  • 주제어

    Environmental Impact Assessment .   Environmental Specimen Bank .   Ecosystem Assessment.  

  • 참고문헌 (15)

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    4. Schwuger, M. J., 1992, Specimen Banking, Introduction, in Environmental Monitoring and Modern Analytical Approaches, M. Rossbach, J.D. Schladot, and P. Ostapczuk, pp. 1-3, Springer-Verlag 
    5. Ministry of Environment, 2008b, The White Book: 203-24 
    6. Umwelt Bundes Amt (UBA), 2003, Guidelines for Sampling, Transport, Storage and Chemical Characterization of Environmental and Human Organ Samples 
    7. Kim, J., Suh, J., Kim, K., Kim, M., and Yoo, B., 2009, Mapping and Applications of the Ecosystem and Nature Map in Korea, Proceedings of 15th Intercarto-Intergis, Perm, Russia 
    8. Ministry of Environment, 2008a, ECOREA, Environmental Review: 69-74 
    9. Kim, M., 2007, Establishment and Applications of National Environmental Specimen Bank in Korea, Proceedings of NIER International Seminar: 35-54 
    10. Han, S. and Kim, M., 2001, Current Issues of Environmental Impact Assessment in Korea, IAIA'01 Abstracts Volume, Cartagena, Colombia, 26 May-1 June, 68 
    11. Kim, M. and Yoo, B., 2007, Environmental Specimen Bank Applications and Environmental Impact Assessment, Proceedings of the Vietnam-Korea Environmental Impact Assessment Workshop, Hanoi, Vietnam: 184-187 
    12. Kim, M, Yoo, B., Lee, S., Lee, J., and Lee, C., 2008, International Trends of Environmental Specimen Bank and Our Response, Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment, 17 (4), 231     
    13. Ortolano, L., 1997, Environmental Regulation and Impact Assessment, John Wiley & Sons Inc: 7-8 
    14. Wagner, G., 1995, Basic Approaches and Methods for Quality Assurance and Quality Control in Sample Collection and Storage for Environmental Monitoring, 1995, the Science of the Total Environment, 176, 63-71 
    15. Rossbach, M. and Jayasekera, R., 1996, Air Pollution Monitoring at the Environmental Specimen Bank of Germany: Spruce and Pine Shoots as Bioindicators, Fresenius J Anal Chem, 354, 511-514 

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