본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

Environmental engineering research v.15 no.2, 2010년, pp.93 - 98  
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Chemical Composition and Seasonal Variation of Acid Deposition in Chiang Mai, Thailand

Sillapapiromsuk, S.    (Environmental Science Program, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University   ); Chantara, S.    (Environmental Science Program, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University  );
  • 초록

    This study aims to determine the chemical composition and seasonal variation of atmospheric acid deposition in order to identify possible sources contributing to precipitation. Sampling and analysis of 132 wet deposition samples were carried out from January to December 2008 at Mae Hia Research Center, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai Province. Total precipitation was 1,286.7 mm. Mean electro-conductivity and pH values were 0.94 mS/m and 6.27, respectively. Major cations ( $Na^+$ , ${NH_4}^+$ , $K^+$ , $Ca^{2+}$ , and $Mg^{2+}$ ) and major anions ( $HCOO^-$ , $CH_3COO^-$ , $Cl^-$ , ${NO_3}^-$ , and ${SO_4}^{2-}$ ) were determined by Ion Chromatography. The relative volume weight mean concentrations of anions, in descending order, were ${SO_4}^{2-}$ > ${NO_3}^-$ > $Cl^-$ > $CH_3COO^-$ > $HCOO^-$ and those of cations were $NH_4^+$ > $Ca^{2+}$ > $Mg^{2+}$ > $K^{+}$ > $Na^+$ . Results of a principle component analysis highlighted the influence of various possible sources of ions such as agricultural activity, fuel combustion, marine sources, soil resuspension, and biomass burning.


  • 주제어

    Acid deposition .   Chemical composition .   Principle component analysis .   Seasonal variation.  

  • 이미지/표/수식 (14)

    • Sampling site.
    • Frequency distribution of rain pH.
    • Variation of monthly precipitation amounts and mean pH values.
    • Variation of monthly precipitation amount and mean electro-conductivity values.
    • Monthly average variability of anion and cation concentrations in units of μeq/L.
    • Neutralization factors (NF) of the major ions in the rainwater samples
    • Correlation of ([H<sup>+</sup>] + [NH<sub>4</sub><sup>+</sup>] + [Ca<sup>2+</sup>]) and ([nss-SO<sub>4</sub><sup>2-</sup>] + [NO<sub>3</sub><sup>-</sup>]) (n = 132).
    • Binary correlation coefficient between ions
    • Principal components analysis of wet deposition

    논문관련 이미지

  • 참고문헌 (25)

    1. Kirby CS, McInerney B, Turner MD. Groundtruthing and potential for predicting acid deposition impacts in headwater streams using bedrock geology, GIS, angling, and stream chemistry. Sci. Total Environ. 2008;393:249-261. 
    2. Munger JW. Chemistry of atmospheric precipitation in the north-central United States: Influence of sulfate, nitrate, ammonia and calcareous soil particulates. Atmos. Environ. 1982;16:1633-1645. 
    3. Al-Momani IF, Tuncel S, Eler U, Ortel E, Sirin G, Tuncel G. Major ion composition of wet and dry deposition in the eastern Mediterranean basin. Sci. Total Environ. 1995;164:75-85. 
    4. Schuurkes JAAR, Maenen MMJ, Roelofs JGM. Chemical characteristics of precipitation in $NH_3$-affected areas. Atmos. Environ. 1988;22:1689-1698. 
    5. Plaisance H, Galloo JC, Guillermo R. Source identification and variation in the chemical composition of precipitation at two rural sites in France. Sci. Total Environ. 1997;206:79-93. 
    6. Seto S, Hara H. Precipitation chemistry in western Japan: Its relationship to meteorological parameters. Atmos. Environ. 2006;40:1538-1549. 
    7. Strayer H, Smith R, Mizak C, Poor N. Influence of air mass origin on the wet deposition of nitrogen to Tampa Bay, Florida-An eight-year study. Atmos. Environ. 2007;41:4310-4322. 
    8. Chandra Mouli P, Venkata Mohan S, Reddy SJ. Rainwater chemistry at a regional representative urban site: Influence of terrestrial sources on ionic composition. Atmos. Environ. 2005;39:999-1008. 
    9. Andre F, Jonard M, Ponette Q. Influence of meteorological factors and polluting environment on rain chemistry and wet deposition in a rural area near Chimay, Belgium. Atmos. Environ. 2007;41:1426-1439. 
    10. Galloway JN, Knap AH, Church TM. The composition of western Atlantic precipitation using shipboard collectors. J. Geophys. Res. 1983;88:10859-10864. 
    11. Smirnioudi VN, Siskos PA. Chemical composition of wet and dust deposition in Athens, Greece. Atmos. Environ. Part B: Urban Atmos. 1992;26 B:483-490. 
    12. Tuncel SG, Ungor S. Rain water chemistry in Ankara, Turkey. Atmos. Environ. 1996;30:2721-2727. 
    13. Lee BK, Hong SH, Lee DS. Chemical composition of precipitation and wet deposition of major ions on the Korean peninsula. Atmos. Environ. 2000;34:563-575. 
    14. Higashino H, Tonooka Y, Yanagisawa Y, Ikeda Y. Emission inventoryof SO2, and NOx in East Asia with grid data system. In: Murano K, ed. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Unification of Monitoring Protocol of Acid Deposition and Standardization of Emission Inventory; Tsukuba, Japan; 1997. p. 124-144. 
    15. Balasubramanian R, Victor T, Begum R. Impact of biomass burning on rainwater acidity and composition in Singapore. J. Geophys. Res. D: Atmos. 1999;104:26881-26890. 
    16. Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET). Technical Documents for Wet Deposition Monitoring in East Asia; 2000. Available from: http://www.eanet.cc/product/techwet.pdf 
    17. Chantara S, Chunsuk N. Comparison of wet-only and bulk deposition at Chiang Mai (Thailand) based on rainwater chemical composition. Atmos. Environ. 2008;42:5511-5518. 
    18. Quality assurance handbook for air pollution measurement systems. Vol. V: Precision measurement systems. Washington, DC: US Environmental Protection Agency. 1994. Report No.: EPA/600/R-94/038E. 
    19. Possanzini M, Buttini P, Di Palo V. Characterization of a rural area in terms of dry and wet deposition. Sci. Total Environ. 1988;74:111-120. 
    20. Vong RJ. Mid-latitude northern hemisphere background sulfate concentration in rainwater. Atmos. Environ. Part A: Gen. Top. 1990;24:1007-1018. 
    21. Ayers GP, Yeung KK. Acid deposition in Hong Kong. Atmos. Environ. 1996;30:1581-1587. 
    22. Huang DY, Xu YG, Peng P, Zhang HH, Lan JB. Chemical composition and seasonal variation of acid deposition in Guangzhou, South China: Comparison with precipitation in other major Chinese cities. Environ. Pollut. 2009;157:35-41. 
    23. Zhang M, Wang S, Wu F, Yuan X, Zhang Y. Chemical compositions of wet precipitation and anthropogenic influences at a developing urban site in southeastern China. Atmos. Res. 2007;84:311-322. 
    24. Hu GP, Balasubramanian R, Wu CD. Chemical characterization of rainwater at Singapore. Chemosphere 2003;51:747-755. 
    25. Saarikoski S, Sillanpaa M, Sofiev M, et al. Chemical composition of aerosols during a major biomass burning episode over northern Europe in spring 2006: Experimental and modelling assessments. Atmos. Environ. 2007;41:3577-3589. 

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • NDSL :
  • 대한환경공학회 : 저널
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기