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한국식품영양과학회지 = Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition v.39 no.6, 2010년, pp.864 - 871  
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흑 마늘 첨가에 따른 마늘 젖산 발효물의 물성 및 기능성평가
Effects of Black Garlic on the Rheological and Functional Properties of Garlic Fermented by Leuconostoc mesenteroides

손세진    (계명대학교 식품가공학과, 전통 미생물자원개발 및 산업화 연구센터   ); 이삼빈    (계명대학교 식품가공학과, 전통 미생물자원개발 및 산업화 연구센터  );
  • 초록

    흰 마늘/흑 마늘 첨가에 따른 김치 젖산균을 이용한 발효물을 제조하여 품질 및 기능성 평가를 수행하였다. 고형분 함량은 17% 흰 마늘 습식분쇄물과 22.63% 흑 마늘 습식분쇄물이다. 마늘 혼합물에 Leuconostoc mesenteroides 균주를 이용하여 24시간 동안 젖산 발효시킨 발효물의 생균수와 점도는 흑 마늘의 첨가농도가 증가함에 따라 감소하였으며, 흑 마늘을 10% 수준으로 첨가한 경우에 생균수는 $1.6\times10^{11}$ cfu/mL, 점도는 9.31 $Pa{\cdot}s^n$ 를 나타내었다. 마늘 발효물의 물과 70% EtOH 추출물의 polyphenol 함량은 각각 6.29 mg/mL, 5.99 mg/mL이며, DPPH 소거 활성은 $IC_{50}$ 값이 1.03 mg/mL, 1.07 mg/mL, ACE 저해 활성의 $IC_{50}$ 값은 68.54 mg/mL과 72.78 mg/mL이다. ACE 저해활성은 흑 마늘이 많이 첨가될수록 높게 나타났으며 그중에서 70% EtOH 추출보다 물 추출에서 높은 활성을 나타내는 것으로 나타났다. 마늘 발효물의 sucrose 전환율은 흑 마늘 첨가 농도가 낮을수록 급격하게 증가하면서 흑 마늘 20%, 10%, 0% 첨가에서 각각 20%, 65%, 85%를 보였다. 흑 마늘 10% 함유 발효물의 저장 중 점도는 완만하게 감소하였으며, 생균수는 냉장저장 1주 후 $1.6\times10^{11}$ cfu/mL에서 $6.5\times10^{10}$ cfu/mL로 감소하였으며, 냉동저장이 냉장저장보다 높은 생균수를 나타내었다.


    White and black garlic pastes were fermented by Leuconostoc mesenteroides and evaluated for its rheological and functional properties such as consistency, antioxidant and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitory activity. The pH, acidity and solid content of black garlic paste were 4.60, 1.23%, 22.63%, respectively. The viable cell counts and consistency of fermented garlic was decreased by adding higher amounts of black garlic paste. Fermentation of white garlic (40%)/black garlic (10%) showed viable cell counts of $1.6\times10^{11}$ , fluid consistency of 9.31 $Pa{\cdot}s^n$ . Water and 70% ethanol extract from fermented garlic showed the polyphenol content of 6.29mg/mL and 5.99 mg/mL, respectively. Also, water extract indicated the DPPH radical scavenging effects and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity with $IC_{50}$ 1.03 mg/mL and $IC_{50}$ 68.54 mg/mL, respectively. ACE inhibitory activity was increased with adding black garlic paste. Conversion of sucrose into dextran polymer in fermented garlic was drastically decreased by the addition of black garlic paste, indicating from 85% (0% black garlic) to 20% (20% black garlic) conversion yield. Garlic paste fermented with 10% black/40% white garlic showed the decrease in consistency and viable cell counts during both cold and freezing storages. In particular, consistency of fermented garlic was lower during freezing storage than cold storage, and the viable cell counts was drastically decreased after storage for 2 weeks.


  • 주제어

    black garlic .   dextran .   Leuconostoc mesenteroides .   bioactive compounds .   viable cell counts.  

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