본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

KSBB Journal v.25 no.1, 2010년, pp.1 - 10  

식물성 바이오매스로부터 바이오디젤 생산에 대한 LCA 연구 현황
State-of-the-art of Life Cycle Assessment for Biodiesel Production from Plant Biomass

서봉국    (한국화학연구원 그린화학연구단   ); 송승구    (부산대학교 응용화학공학부  );
  • 초록

    기존 화석연료를 대체할 수 있는 수송연료로서 바이오 디젤은 유해물질 배출을 줄일 수 있어 친환경 에너지로 기대를 모으고 있다. 바이오디젤 관련 기술 개발 방향을 설정하고 제도적 지원을 위해서는 바이오 디젤의 친환경 특성 및 경제성 등에 대한 보다 정량적이고 정성적인 평가가 필요하며, 바이오디젤 생산과정에서 지구 온난화 지수, 에너지소비, 생산비용, 생산기술 및 feedstock에 대한 LCA 분석 연구를 통해 보다 체계적인 환경 및 경제성 평가가 가능하였다. Feedstock에서부터 연료사용에 이르기까지의 바이오 디젤 LCA 평가와 관련한 많은 연구에서 feedstock 생산과정의 온실가스 배출량과 에너지 소비가 전체 환경 및 경제성 평가 수치의 50-80% 범위를 차지하여, 가장 큰 주요 기여 인자가 되었다. 경제성 측면에서는 초임계 메탄올 공정을 이용하여 폐식용유로부터 바이오디젤을 생산하는 과정이 현실적으로, 기술적으로 가장 유리하였다. 향후, 바이오 연료 시장을 보다 확장하고 보다 광범위하게 사용하기 위해서는 바이오디젤의 물성개선을 비롯하여 원료에 대한 식량과의 논쟁을 피하기 위한 지속가능한 원료확보 관련 연구도 수행되어야만 할 것이다.

    Biodiesel is a type of biofuel obtained from bioresources and able to use in diesel vehicles as an alternative/additive to petro diesel. In recent biodiesel research, there are three main issues which include high quality biodiesel, low cost feed stock and a highly efficient biodiesel production process. The sustainable production and use of biodiesel are attracting much attention in the renewable energy field. In this paper, we review some of the literatures related to environmental and economic evaluation for biodiesel production and analysis the issues including life cycle assessment (LCA), global warming potential (GWP), energy consumption, biodiesel production cost, production technologies and feedstock.

  • 주제어

    Biodiesel .   Life cycle assessment .   Global warming potential .   Biomass.  

  • 참고문헌 (44)

    1. Drapcho, C. M., N. P. Nhuan, and T. H. Walker (2008) Biofuels Engineering Process Technology. p. 199. McGraw Hill, New York. 
    2. OECD (2008) Biofuel Support Polices: An Economic Assessment. p. 19. OECD publishing, Paris. 
    3. Sheehan, J. (2009) Sustainability issues in biofuels production, In Proc. 6th The World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology and Bioprocessing 2009. July 19-22. Montreal, Canada. 
    4. Ministry of Knowledge Economy. http://www.mke.go.kr/news/bodo/bodoList.jsp.(2008). 
    5. Hass, M. J., A. J. McAloon, W. C. Yee, and T. A. Foglia (2006) A process model to estimate biodiesel production costs. Bioresource Tech. 97: 671-678. 
    6. Patila, P. D. and S. Deng (2009) Optimization of biodiesel production from edible and non-edible vegetable oils. Fuel 88: 1302-1306. 
    7. Mataa, T. M., A. A. Martinsa, and N. S. Caetano (2009) Microalgae for biodiesel production and other applications: A review. Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews 14: 217-232. 
    8. Canakci, M. and J. Van Gerpen (2003) A pilot plant to produce biodiesel from high free fatty acid feedstocks. Transactions of the ASAE 46: 945-954. 
    9. Ma, F. R. and M. A. Hanna (1999) Biodiesel production: a review. Bioresource Tech. 70: 1-5. 
    10. Kusdiana, D. and S. Saka (2004) Effects of water on biodiesel fuel production by supercritical methanol treatment. Bioresource Tech. 91: 289-295. 
    11. Sims, R., M. Taylor, J. Saddler, and W. Mabee (2008) From 1st to 2nd Generation Biofuel Technologies. p. 33. International Energy Agency (IEA), Paris, France. 
    12. Halleux, H., S. Lassaux, R. Renzoni, and A. Germain (2008) Comparative life cycle assessment of two biofuels: Ethanol from sugar beet and rapeseed methyl ester, Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 13: 184-190. 
    13. Huo, H., M. Wang, C. Bloyd, and V. Putsche (2009) Life-cycle assessment of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of soybean-derived biodiesel and renewable fuels. Environ. Sci. Technol. 43: 750-756. 
    14. Harding, K. G., J. S. Dennis, H. von Blottnitz, and S. T. L. Harrison (2007) A life-cycle comparison between inorganic and biological catalysis for the production of biodiesel. J. Cleaner Production 16: 1368-1378. 
    15. Kiwjaroun, C., C. Tubtimdee, and P. Piumsomboon (2009) LCA Studies comparing biodiesel synthesized by conventional and supercritical methanol methods. J. Cleaner Production 17: 143-153. 
    16. Panichelli, L., A. Dauriat, and E. Gnansounou (2009) Life cycle assessment of soybean-based biodiesel in argentina for export, Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 14: 144-159. 
    17. Sheehan, J., V. Camobreco, J. Duffield, M. Graboski, and H. Shapouri (1998) Life Cycle Inventory of Biodiesel and Petroleum Diesel for Use in an Urban Bus. National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Golden, Colorado, USA. 
    18. Spirinckx, C. and D. Ceuterick (1996) Biodiesel and fossil diesel fuel: Comparative life cycle assessment. Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 1: 127-132. 
    19. Stephenson, A. L., J. S. Dennis, and S. A. Scott (2008) Improving the sustainability of the production of biodiesel from oilseed rape in the uk. process safety & environm. protection 86: 427-440. 
    20. Toyota Motor Corp. (2008) Well-to-wheel Analysis of transportation Fuel. Mizuho Information & Research Institute Inc., Tokyo, Japan. 
    21. Searchinger, T., R. Heimlich, A. Houghton, F. Dong, A. Elobeid, J. Fabiosa, S. Tokgoz, D. Hayes, and T.-H. Yu (2008) Use of U.S. Croplands for biofuels increases greenhouse gases through emissions from land-use change. Science 319: 1238-1240. 
    22. Righelato, S. (2007) Carbon mitigation by biofuels or by saving and restoring forests?. Science 317: 902. 
    23. Menichettia, E., M. Otto, and R. W. Howarth (2009) Biofuels: Environmental consequences and interactions with changing land use, Chapter 5. Energy Balance & Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Biofuels from a Life Cycle Perspective. Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 
    24. Rollefson, J., G. Fu, and A. Chan (2004) Assessment of the Environmental Performance and Sustainability of Biodiesel. NRC-CNRC, Canada. 
    25. Bender, M. (1999) Economic feasibility review for community-scale farmer cooperatives for biodiesel. Bioresource Tech. 70: 81-87. 
    26. Al-Widyan, M. I. and A. O. Al-Shyoukh (2002) Experimental evaluation of the transesterification of waste palm oil into biodiesel. Bioresource Tech. 85: 253-256. 
    27. Canakci, M. (2007) The potential of restaurant waste lipids as biodiesel feedstocks. Bioresource Tech. 98, 183-190. 
    28. Felizardo, P., M. J. N. Correiaa, I. Raposob, J. F. Mendesc, R. Berkemeierd, and J. M. Bordado (2006) Production of biodiesel from waste frying oils. Waste Manage. 26: 487-494. 
    29. Wang, Y., S. Oua, P. Liua, F. Xuea, and S. Tang (2006) Comparison of two different processes to synthesize biodiesel by waste cooking oil. J. Molecular Cat. A: Chemical 252: 107-112. 
    30. Watanabe, Y., Y. Shimada, A. Sugihara, and Y. Tominaga (2001) Enzymatic conversion of waste edible oil to biodiesel fuel in a fixed-bed bioreactor. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 78: 703-707. 
    31. Zheng, S., M. Katesb, M. A. Dubea, and D. D. McLean (2006) Acid-catalyzed production of biodiesel from waste frying oil. Biomass & Bioenergy 30: 267-272. 
    32. Al-Widyne, M. I., G. Tashtoush, and M. Abu-Qudais (2002) Utilization of ethyl ester of waste vegetable oils as fuel in diesel engines. Fuel Process. Tech. 76: 91-103. 
    33. Cetinkaya, M., Y. Ulusoyb, Y. Tekinb, and F. Karaosmanoglu (2005) Engine and winter road test performances of used cooking oil originated biodiesel Energy Conv. Manage. 46: 1279-1291. 
    34. Lotero, E., Y. J. Liu, D. E. Lopez, K. Suwannakarn, D. A. Bruce, and J. G. Goodwin (2005) Synthesis of biodiesel via acid catalysis. Ind. & Eng. Chem. Research 44: 5353-5363. 
    35. Zhang, Y., M. A. Dube, D. D. McLean, and M. Kates (2003) Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil: 2. economic assessment and sensitivity analysis. Bioresource Tech. 90: 229-240. 
    36. van Kasteren, J. M. N. and A. P. Nisworo (2007) A process model to estimate the cost of industrial scale biodiesel production from waste cooking oil by supercritical transesterification. Resources Conservation & Recycling 50: 442-458. 
    37. West, A. H., D. Posarac, and N. Ellis (2008) Assessment of four biodiesel production processes using HYSYS.Plant. Bioresource Tech. 99: 6587-6601. 
    38. Arjun, B., K. Chhetri, W. W. Chris, and M. Rafiqul Islam (2008) Waste cooking oil as an alternate feedstock for biodiesel production. Energies 1: 3-18. 
    39. Narayanan, D., Y. Zhang, and M. S. Mannan (2007) Engineering for sustainable development (ESD) in biodiesel production, Process Safety & Environm. Protection 85: 349-359. 
    40. Niederl, A. and M. Narodoslasky (2006) Ecological evaluation of process based on by-products or waste from agriculture: Life cycle assessment of biodiesel from tallow and used vegetable oil. ACS Symposium Series 921: 239-252. 
    41. Huber, G. W., S. Iboira, and A. Corma (2006) Synthesis of transportation fuels from biomass: Chemistry, catalysts and engineering. Chem. Rev. 106: 4044-4098. 
    42. http://www1.eere.energy.gov/biomass/publications.(2008). 
    43. Kaltschmitt, M., G. A. Reinhardt, and T. Stelzer (1997) Life cycle analysis of biofuels under different environmental aspects. Biomass & Bioenergy 12: 121-134. 
    44. Lapuerta, M., J. Rodriguez-Fernandeza, and J. R. Agudelo (2008) Diesel particulate emissions from used cooking oil biodiesel. Bioresource Tech. 99: 731-740. 

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역


  • NDSL :

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 이용한 콘텐츠
이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기