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International journal of automotive technology v.11 no.4, 2010년, pp.555 - 563   SCIE
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ECONOMIC VALUE AND UTILITY OF A POWERTRAIN SYSTEM FOR A PLUG-IN PARALLEL DIESEL HYBRID ELECTRIC BUS

Suh, B.    (Department of Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering, University of California Davis   ); Frank, A.    (Department of Mechanical & Aeronautical Engineering, University of California Davis   ); Chung, Y.J.    (Department of Automotive Engineering, Daegu Mirae College   ); Lee, E.Y.    (Department of Economics, Kunsan National University   ); Chang, Y.H.    (Department of Mechanical & Automotive Engineering, Induk University   ); Han, S.B.    (Department of Mechanical & Automotive Engineering, Induk University  );
  • 초록

    This research is the first to develop a design for a powertain system of a plug-in parallel diesel hybrid electric bus equipped with a continuously variable transmission (CVT) and presents a new design paradigm of the plug-in hybrid electric bus (HEB). The criteria and method for selecting and sizing powertrain components equipped in the plug-in HEB are presented. The plug-in HEB is designed to overcome the vulnerable limitations of driving range and performance of a purely electric vehicle (EV) and to improve fuel economy and exhaust emissions of conventional bus and conventional HEBs. The control strategy of the complicated connected propulsion system in the plug-in parallel HEB is one of the most significant factors in achieving higher fuel economy and lower exhaust emissions of the HEV. In this research, a new optimal control strategy concept is proposed against existing rule-based control strategies. The optimal powertrain control strategy is obtained through two steps of optimizations: tradeoff optimization for emission control and energy flow optimization based on the instantaneous optimization technique. The proposed powertrain control strategy has the flexibility to adapt to battery SOC, exhaust emission amount, classified driving pattern, driving condition, and engine temperature. The objective of the optimal control strategy is to optimize the fuel consumption, electricity use, and exhaust emissions proper to the performance targets. The proposed control strategy was simulated to prove its validity by using analysis simulation tool ADVISOR (advanced vehicle simulator).


  • 주제어

    Plug-in parallel diesel hybrid electric bus .   Powertrain system .   State of charge (SOC) .   Exhaust emission .   Thermal efficiency .   Energy flow optimization.  

  • 참고문헌 (14)

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    4. Husain, I. (2003). Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Design Fundamentals. CRC Press. New York. 
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    6. Markel, T. and Wipke, K. (2001). Modeling Grid-Connected Hybrid Electric Vehicles Using ADVISOR. NREL/ CP-540-30601. 
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    8. Plassat, G. (2004). Pollutants emissions, global warming potential effect, first comparison using external costs on urban buses. SAE Paper No. 2004-01-2015. 
    9. Trigui, R. Badin, F., Jeannert, B., Harel, F., Coquery, R., Lallemand, R., Ousten, J. P., Castagne, M., Debest, M., Gittard, E., Vangreefshepe, F., Morel, V., Baghli, L., Reaaoug, A., Labbe, A., Labbe, J. and Biscaglia, S. (2003). Hybrid light duty vehicles evaluation program. Int. J. Automotive Technology 4, 2, 65?75.     
    10. Van den Bossche, P. (1999). Power sources for hybrid buses: comparative evaluation of the state of art. J. Power Sources, 80, 213?216. 
    11. Wang, B. H., Zhang, J. W. and Luo, Y. G. (2007). The rapid development of parallel hybrid propulsion control system by an online calibrating system. J. Automobile Engineering, 221, 1555?1565. 
    12. Wang, W., Zeng, X. and Wang, Q. (2003). Develop hybrid transit buses for Chinese cities. SAE Paper No. 2003-01- 0087. 
    13. Wipke, K. B., Cuddy, M. R. and Burch, S. D. (1999). ADVISOR 2.1: A User-friendly Advanced Powertrain Simulation Using a Combined Backward/Forward Approach. NREL/JA-540-26839. 
    14. Zhou, R. S. and Hashimoto, F. (2004). Highly compact electric drive for automotive applications. SAE Paper No. 2004-01-3037. 

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