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Oil Biosynthesis and its Related Variables in Developing Seeds of Mustard (Brassica juncea L.) as Influenced by Sulphur Fertilization

Fazili, Inayat S.    (Centre for Transgenic Plant Development, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Hamdard University   ); Masoodi, Muzain    (Department of Horticulture, SKUAST(K)   ); Ahmad, Saif    (Centre for Transgenic Plant Development, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Hamdard University   ); Jamal, Arshad    (Centre for Transgenic Plant Development, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Hamdard University   ); Khan, Jafar S.    (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)   ); Abdin, Malik Z.    (Centre for Transgenic Plant Development, Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Hamdard University  );
  • 초록

    The aim of this research was to study the effect of sulphur (S) fertilization on oil biosynthesis and its related variables at various stages of seed development, and to find possible explanations for increased oil content in the seeds of mustard (Brassica juncea L. Czern and Coss) due to S fertilization. Acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity and contents of oil, acetyl-CoA, soluble protein, total RNA, total sugar and sulphur were determined in the developing seeds of mustard grown in the field with sulphur (+S) and without sulphur (-S). The period between 10 to 30 days after flowering was observed as the active period of oil accumulation in the developing seeds of mustard. The accumulation of the oil was preceded by a marked rise in acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity and acetyl-CoA concentration, which declined rapidly when oil accumulation reached a plateau. Total sugar content decreased, while protein content increased during the active period of oil accumulation in the developing seeds (i.e. between 10-30 days after flowering). Sulphur fertilization significantly (P


  • 주제어

    Brassica juncea L.   .   oil .   total sugar .   soluble protein .   sulphur.  

  • 참고문헌 (49)

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