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Step aerobics의 RPE가 여고생의 면역기능에 미치는 영향
The Effects of RPE of Step Aerobics on the Immunologic Function of High School Girls

권선옥    (경상대학교 체육교육과   ); 정선태    (경상대학교 체육교육과  );
  • 초록

    J시 소재 K여자고등학교 1학년 중에서 %fat이 30% 이상인 24명을 유의추출법에 의해 운동그룹 A (8명), B (8명) 그룹과 통제그룹(8명)으로 3그룹으로 구분하여 Borg의 주관적운동강도를 이용, A그룹은 RPE 15-17 (hard-very hard; 힘듦-매우 힘듦) ${\times}$ 3 sets, B그룹은 RPE 11-13 (fairly light-somewhat hard; 알맞음-약간 힘듦) ${\times}$ 3 sets로 설정하여 step aerobics (step box: 길이 68 cm, 폭 28 cm, 높이 15 cm, 무게 450 g)를 1일 50-60분간, 주3회(월, 수, 금)로 총 8주간 실시하였다. 본 연구는 step aerobics의 RPE가 비만 여고생의 면역기능(Neutrophil, Lymphocyte, Monocyte, Eosinophil, Basophil, IgG, IgA, IgM)에 어떠한 영향을 미치는가를 알아보는 것이었다. 자료처리는 SPSS Ver. 14.0을 이용하여 집단과 시기 간 상호작용의 효과를 알아보기 위하여 repeated two-way ANOVA를, 집단 내 운동 전 후는 paired t-test를 실시하였고, 집단 간은 변화율(% diff.)을 구하여 one-way ANOVA를 실시하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. WBC에서, 집단 내 비교에서 A그룹은 Neutrophil, Monocyte, Basophil, Eosinophil 모두 증가하였으나 Lymphocyte는 변화가 없었고, B그룹은 Eosinophil은 감소하였으나 Neutrophil, Lymphocyte, Monocyte, Basophil 모두 변화가 없었으며, 통제군은 Neutrophil, Basophil, Eosinophil은 감소하였으나 Lymphocyte와 Monocyte는 변화가 없었다. 집단 간 비교의 Neutrophil은 A그룹이 B그룹과 통제군보다 더 많이 증가하였고, Lymphocyte는 집단 간 차이가 없었으며, Monocyte는 A, B그룹이 통제군보다 많이 증가하였다. Basophil과 Eosinophil은 A그룹이 B그룹과 통제군보다 더 많이 증가하였다. Immunoglobin에서, 집단 내 비교에서 A그룹은 IgG는 증가하였으나 IgA와 IgM는 변화가 없었고, A그룹은 IgA는 증가하였으나 IgG는 감소하였고 IgM은 변화가 없었다. 통제군은 IgG은 감소하였으나 IgA와 IgM은 변화가 없었다. 집단 간 비교의 IgA는 A그룹이 통제군보다 증가하였고, IgG는 A그룹이 B그룹과 통제군보다 증가하였으나 IgM은 집단 간 차이가 없었다. 요약하면 세 집단 모두 운동프로그램 전 후의 WBC와 Ig 수준이 연령에 맞게 참고치 내의 수준에 머물렀지만 step aerobics를 RPE 15-17로 실시한 A그룹의 경우가 가장 많은 측정항목에서 증가를 보였고, 이 결과는 참고치 범위 내에서 면역기능의 항진을 보여주는 것으로 면역기능의 향상을 위한 step aerobics의 RPE 강도는 힘듦-매우 힘듦(15-17)의 수준으로 실시하는 것이 효과적인 것으로 생각된다.


    Out of the tenth graders of K girl's high school in J city, 24 students whose %fat was over 30% were divided into 3 groups through Purposing Sampling. Groups A and B were exercise groups and C was the control group. Using Borg's RPE (rating of perceived exertion), RPE 15-17 (hard-very hard) $\times$ 3 sets were set up for group A, RPE 11-13 (fairly light-somewhat hard) $\times$ 3 sets were set up for group B, and both groups performed step aerobics (step box: 68cm in length, 28cm in width, 15cm in hight, 450g in weight) for 50-60 minutes a day, 3 days a week for 8 weeks in total. This research was conducted to find out the effects of various RPE in step aerobics on the immunologic function (neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, eosinophil, basophil, IgG, IgA, and IgM levels) of overweight female high school students. By using SPSS Ver. 14.0, a repeated two-way ANOVA was conducted to find out the effects of interaction between the groups and time period, paired t-test to evaluate data within each group, and pre- and post experiment difference rates (%diff) to perform one-way ANOVA for group comparisons. The following results were found. As for WBC, within group A, neutrophil, monocyte, basophil, and eosinophil levels increased, while lymphocyte levels remained the same. Within group B, eosinophil levels decreased while neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, and basophil levels showed no differences. Within the control group, neutrophil, basophil, and eosinophil levels decreased while lymphocyte and monocyte levels showed no differences. As for the group comparisons, neutrophil levels increased more in group A than group B and the control group. There were no differences in lymphocyte levels among the three groups. Monocyte levels increased more in group A and B than the control group. Basophil and Eosinophil increased more in group A than group B and the control group. As for immunoglobin, within group A, the IgG level increased but the levels of IgA and IgM did not change. Within group B, the IgA level increased but the level of IgG decreased, and the level of IgM did not change. Within the control group, the IgG level decreased but the levels of IgA and IgM did not change. As for the group comparisons, the level of IgA increased more in group A than the control group, and the level of IgG increased more in group A than group B and the control group, but levels of IgM among the three groups did not show any difference. In summary, WBC and Ig levels showed that the three groups remained at the reference interval even after the exercise program. However, group A, which performed RPE 15-17 in step aerobics, showed increase in more measured items than the other groups, and this implies that the immunologic function has improved in the range of the reference intervals. Therefore, it will be effective to conduct step aerobics with the RPE 15-17 (hard-very hard) in order to increase the immunologic function.


  • 주제어

    Step aerobics .   RPE .   WBC .   IgG .   IgA .   IgM .   immunologic function.  

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