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생명과학회지 = Journal of life science v.20 no.2 = no.118, 2010년, pp.314 - 320   피인용횟수: 1

트라이애슬론의 과사용 부상과 의학적 위험요인에 대한 고찰
Triathlon-Related Overuse Injury and Medical Issues

박찬호    (부산대학교 체육과학연구소   ); 곽이섭    (동의대학교 체육학과   ); 김태운    (부산대학교 체육교육과  );
  • 초록

    트라이애슬론은 수영, 사이클, 달리기로 구성된 스포츠로 단일종목의 스포츠에 참가할 때 보다 잠재적인 의학적 위험요인을 더 많이 포함하고 있다. 과사용은 스트레스의 증가와 뼈, 관절, 근육, 건 또는 신경의 손상을 일으키며, 지금까지 트라이애슬론 훈련과 경기 중에 발생될 수 있는 과사용 부상은 목통증, 요통, 근육과 건 부상, 인대부상, 만성적인 통증 등이며, 대부분의 과사용 부상은 달리기 훈련시 가장 많이 발생된다. 또한 트라이애슬론 참가자들은 다양한 자연환경과 경기거리에서 완주해야 하는 만큼 부상 이외의 의학적 문제에 직면할 수 있으며, 현재까지 트라이애슬론과 관련하여 보고되고 있는 의학적 위험요인들은 저체온증, 저나트륨혈증, 일사병, 자외선에 과도한 노출, 면역억압, 심리적인 탈진현상, 용혈증 등을 포함하고 있다. ID 경기 중에 발생 할 수 있는 의학적 문제들 가운데 가장 빈번하게 발생하는 증상은 탈진과 탈수현상이며, 그 다음으로 나타나는 문제점들은 저나트륨혈증, 열부상, 저혈압, 화상과 물집, 근육경련 등이다. 그러나 SD와 OD 경기 중에는 달리기 속도가 빠르고 더 높은 강도에서 경기가 진행되기 때문에 일사병의 발생 위험이 더 높고, 경기 시간이 짧은 관계로 저나트륨혈증은 발생하지 않는다. 본 연구는 트라이애슬론 훈련과 경기 중에 발생 될 수 있는 과사용 부상과 의학적 위험 요인에 대한 연구문헌들을 고찰하여 스포츠 활동에 직접 참여하는 엘리트 선수 및 동호인 그리고 스포츠 현장에서 선수들을 지도하는 코치와 대회를 주최하는 관계자들에게 트라이애슬론과 관련된 과사용 부상과 의학적 위험요인에 대한 기초자료를 제공하여 이러한 위험요인들을 미연에 예방하거나 감소시키는데 도움을 줄 수 있는 기초자료를 제시하고자 한다.


    As the nature of triathlons is competition in three successive sports, triathletes experience elevated levels of stress on the body that are absent in single-sport athletic events, and consequently there are more potential medical problems to prepare for. Triathletes can also experience problems such as hypothermia, heat illness, excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation, musculoskeletal injuries and trauma, immunosuppression, and haemolysis. Depending on the potentiality of such above-listed problems occurring in any given race, race organizers will prepare preventative measures and treatments accordingly. Olympic distance is not the only triathlon racing distance. Sprints, which are normally around half the Olympic distance, are common distances, as well as Long (2 km swim, 80 km bike, 20 km run), Ironman (3.8 km swim, 180 km bike, 42 km run), and ultra-distance events varying in length. Races of longer duration normally result in a higher percentage of athletes experiencing the above-mentioned medical problems, as well as inducing additional health risks such as hyponatraemia. Minimizing the occurrences of serious health issues is possible through the following means: carefully preparing for the probable race-day weather conditions; proper management and organization of the race; preparing an extensive water-safety and ground-course safety plan; distributing necessary nutrition along the course; and stressing the importance for athletes to have proper knowledge concerning race nutrition, biomechanical technique, physical preparation, and utilization of safe equipment. While risks of competing in triathlon are many, the instances of such medical problems are not excessive, and the triathlon has a reputation of being a reasonably safe sport as long as athletes with high risk take added precautions.


  • 주제어

    Triathlon .   overuse injury .   hyponatraemia .   immunosuppression .   medical problem.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. 2016. "" 한국운동역학회지 = Korean journal of sport biomechanics, 26(1): 11~20     

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