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Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society = 대한신경외과학회지 v.47 no.6, 2010년, pp.420 - 423   SCIE
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Involvement of Selective Alpha-2 Adrenoreceptor in Sympathetically Maintained Pain

Park, Chan-Hong    (Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Daegu Wooridul Hospital   ); Yong, An    (Department of Neurosurgery, Daegu Wooridul Hospital   ); Lee, Sang-Ho    (Department of Neurosurgery, Wooridul Hospital  );
  • 초록

    Objective : Peripheral nerve injury often leads to neuropathic pain, which is characterized by burning pain, allodynia, and hyperalgesia. The role of the sympathetic nervous system in neuropathic pain is a complex and controversial issue. It is generally accepted that the alpha adrenoreceptor (AR) in sympathetic nerve system plays a significant role in the maintenance of pain. Among alpha adrenoreceptor, alpha-1 receptors play a major role in the sympathetic mediated pain. The primary goal of this study is to test the hypothesis that sympathetically maintained pain involves peripheral alpha-2 receptors in human. Methods : The study was a randomized, prospective, double-blinded, crossover study involving twenty patients. The treatments were : Yohimbine (30 mg mixed in 500 mL normal saline), and Phentolamine (1 mg/kg in 500 mL normal saline) in 500 mL normal saline at 70 mL/hr initially then titrated. The patients underwent infusions on three different appointments, at least one month apart. Thus, all patients received all 2 treatments. Pain measurement was by visual analogue scale, neuropathic pain questionnaire, and McGill pain questionnaire. Results : There were significant decreases in the visual analogue scale, neuropathic score, McGill pain score of yohimnine, and phentolamine. Conclusion : We conclude that alpha-2 adrenoreceptor, along with alpha-2 adrenoreceptor, may be play role in sympathetically maintained pain in human.


  • 주제어

    Reflex sympathetic dystrophy .   Yohimbine .   Alpha-2 antagonist.  

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