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성인간호학회지 = Korean Journal of Adult Nursing v.23 no.6, 2011년, pp.584 - 594   피인용횟수: 2

노인의 시력 및 청력 저하가 우울 및 인지기능에 미치는 영향: 2008년 고령화연구패널조사
The Effect of Visual and Hearing Impairment on Depression and Cognitive Function in Community-dwelling Elderly : The Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging 2008

김희정    (이화여자대학교 간호과학부   ); 김보혜    (이화여자대학교 간호과학부   ); 김옥수    (이화여자대학교 간호과학부  );
  • 초록

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of visual and hearing impairment and to investigate the effect of visual and hearing impairment on depression and cognitive function in community-dwelling Korean elderly. Methods: The study population consisted of a representative community sample of 4,028 persons aged 65 and older from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging 2008. Depression and cognitive function were measured by CES-D 10-item scale and K-MMSE. Visual and hearing impairment were measured by 5-Likert scale. Data were analyzed using Rao-Scott ${\chi}^2$ -test, simple and multiple logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of visual and hearing impairment were 37.3% and 14.0%, respectively. Of the participants, the prevalence of depression was 58.4% and cognitive impairment was 50.6%. There were significant differences in depression and cognitive function according to visual and hearing impairment. Far vision and hearing impairment were predictors for both depression and cognitive impairment even after covariates had been adjusted. Conclusion: These data suggest that visual and hearing impairment in older adults may increase their probability of experiencing depression and cognitive impairment. Thus sensory impairment should be considered a risk factor for mental health and the cognitive function of elderly.


  • 주제어

    노인 .   시력 .   청력 .   우울 .   인지기능.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

    1. Lee, Young-Mi 2012. "Factors Associated with Cognitive Impairment of the Elderly in Nursing Homes" 한국산학기술학회논문지 = Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 13(9): 3973~3982     
    2. Cha, Ki Jung ; Eun, Young 2013. "The Study on Functional State, Self Efficacy, and Life Satisfaction in the Elderly with Decreased Visual Acuity" 근관절건강학회지 = Journal of muscle and joint health, 20(3): 225~234     

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