본문 바로가기
HOME> 논문 > 논문 검색상세

논문 상세정보

KSCE journal of civil engineering v.16 no.4, 2012년, pp.644 - 649   SCIE
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

Analysis of Time Headway Distribution on Suburban Arterial

Jang, Jinhwan  
  • 초록

    Vehicular time headway is of fundamental importance in traffic engineering. For any traffic simulation to effectively address traffic problems, accurate vehicle generation is essential. Previous researches on this subject have focused solely on the stochastic modeling of uninterrupted facilities. Yet little research has been conducted on interrupted facilities such as suburban arterials. This paper proposes theoretical headway models for a suburban arterial. Using a traffic detector based on laser sensors, a large amount of accurate headway data were obtained in Korea. To analyze the data according to different states of traffic flow, the headways were categorized into five flow groups. Subsequent runs tests for each headway group rejected the randomness assumption for the lowest flow (5-9 veh/min). Therefore, theoretical modeling was performed only for the four remaining flows (10-14, 15-19, 20-24, and 25-29 veh/min). The Johnson SB model achieved the best fit for a flow of 10-14 veh/min, whereas the Johnson SU model provided the best fits for the three other flows. The Log-Logistic and Log-normal models were also accepted for high flows. In addition to analyses on statistics of the collected headway, the characteristics of the fitted model revealed that the headway has somewhat different features, compared to those of uninterrupted facilities. This paper provides a better understanding of headway for interrupted facilities and constitutes a starting point for developing a descriptively accurate simulation model for signalized arterials.


  • 주제어

    headway distribution .   suburban arterial .   Johnson SB model .   Johnson SU model .   Log-Logistic model .   Log-normal model.  

  • 참고문헌 (18)

    1. Al-Ghamdi, A. S. (2001). "Analysis of time headways on urban roads: Case study from riyadh." Journal of Transportation Engineering: Journal of the American Society of Civil Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 127, No. 4, pp. 289-294. 
    2. Arasan, V. T. and Koshy, R. Z. (2003). "Headway distribution of heterogeneous traffic on urban arterials." Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Vol. 84, pp. 210-215. 
    3. Choi, P. and Min, I. (2008). "Further applications of the Johnson's SUnormal distribution to various regression models." Communications of the Korean Statistical Society, KSS, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 161-171. 
    4. Coifman, B. and Dhoorjaty, S. (2004)." Event data-based traffic detector validation tests." Journal of Transportation Engineering, Journal of the American Society of Civil Engineering ASCE, Vol. 130, No. 4, pp. 313-321. 
    5. Ha, D. H., Aron, M., and Cohen, S. (2010). "Comparison of time headway distributions in different traffic contexts." Proceeding of the 12th World Congress on Transport Research, Lisbon, Portugal. 
    6. Hoogendoorn, S. P. and Botma, H. (1997). "Modeling and estimation of headway distributions." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, TRB, National Research Council, Washington D.C., No. 1591, pp. 14-22. 
    7. Hoogendoorn, S. P. and Bovy, P. H. L. (1998). "New estimation technique for vehicle-type-specific headway distributions." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No.1646, TRB, National Research Council, Washington D.C. 
    8. Jang, J. and Byun, S. (2011). "Evaluation of traffic data accuracy using Korea detector test bed." IET Intell. Transp. Syst. Vol. 5, Issue 4, pp. 286-293. 
    9. Jang, J., Kim, B., Choi, N., and Baik, N. (2011). "Analysis of time headway distribution on Korean multilane highway using loop event data." Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 9, pp. 1447-1457. 
    10. Johnson, N. L. (1949). "Systems of frequency curves generated by methods of translation." Biometrika, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 149-176. 
    11. Johnson, N. L., Kota, S., and Balakrishnan, N. (1994). Continuous univariate distributions (Volume 1), John Wiley and Sons. 
    12. Luttinen, R. T. (1992). "Statistical properties of vehicle time headways." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, TRB, National Research Council, Washington D.C., No. 1365, pp. 92-98. 
    13. Luttinen, R. T. (1999). "Properties of Cowan's M3 headway distribution." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, TRB, National Research Council, Washington D.C., No. 1678, pp. 189-196. 
    14. May, A. D. (1990). Traffic flow fundamentals, Prentice-Hall, 1990. 
    15. Mei, M. and Bullen, A. G. R. (1981). "Log-normal distribution for high traffic flows." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, TRB, National Research Council, Washington D.C., No. 1398, pp. 125-128. 
    16. MLTM (2001). Korean highway capacity manual, Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs, Republic of Korea, 2001. 
    17. Pueboobpaphan, R. and Park, D. (2003). "Characteristics of probe vehicles' time headway." Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 5, pp. 2065-2076. 
    18. Zhang, G., Wang, Y., Wei, H., and Chen, Y. (2007). "Examining headway distribution models using urban freeway loop event data." Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, TRB, National Research Council, Washington D.C., No. 1999, pp. 141-149. 

 활용도 분석

  • 상세보기

    amChart 영역
  • 원문보기

    amChart 영역

원문보기

무료다운로드
  • 원문이 없습니다.
유료다운로드

유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.

원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.

NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.

이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기