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韓國環境保健學會誌 = Journal of environmental health sciences v.38 no.2, 2012년, pp.95 - 104   피인용횟수: 2
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거주지와 산업단지간의 거리와 혈 중 납 농도 및 요 중 카드뮴 농도의 상관관계에 관한 연구
A Study of the Relationships Between Proximity to an Industrial Complex and Blood Lead Levels and Urinary Cadmium Levels

허진아   (고려대학교 보건과학대학 환경보건학과  ); 김효미   (고려대학교 보건과학대학 환경보건학과  ); 이종태   (고려대학교 보건과학대학 환경보건학과  );
  • 초록

    Objectives: The goal of this study was to investigate the relationships between proximity to an industrial complex and blood lead levels and urinary cadmium levels. Methods: We conducted a questionnaire survey and analyzed blood lead and urinary cadmium levels using Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAs). Data was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. All statistical analyses were conducted with SAS software version 9.2. The distance between the residence and an industrial complex was calculated through a Geographical Information System (GIS). Results: A total of 967 residents living near a large petrochemical complex in Ulsan participated. The geometric mean levels of blood lead and urinary cadmium were $1.70{\mu}g/dl$ (male: $1.77{\mu}g/dl$ , female: $1.67{\mu}g/dl$ ), and $0.72{\mu}g/g$ creatinine (male: $0.49{\mu}g/g$ cr. female: $0.89{\mu}g/g$ cr.), respectively. Blood lead and urinary cadmium levels both increased with age and were higher among smokers compared to never smokers. Both significantly showed a decreasing trend with rising income. Results from multiple logistic regression analysis showed that urinary cadmium levels for subjects aged less than 20 years old were negatively associated with distance from the industrial area to the residence. The results, however, indicated that the blood lead levels were positively associated with the distance. Conclusions: The results of this study support that proximity to an industrial complex is related to urinary cadmium values for children. A positive finding with blood lead can be explained by the ambiguity of lead exposure sources in the general environment.


  • 주제어

    blood lead levels .   urinary cadmium levels .   industrial complex.  

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (2)

    1. Seo, Ju-Hee ; Kim, Byoung-Gwon ; Kim, Yu-Mi ; Kim, Rock-Bum ; Chung, Jin-Yong ; Hong, Young-Seoub 2014. "Lead, Mercury and Cadmium Concentration in Blood and Related Factors among Korean Preschoolers" 韓國環境保健學會誌 = Journal of environmental health sciences, 40(4): 279~293     
    2. Kim, Ahra ; Hong, Young-Seoub ; Bang, Jin-Hee ; Oh, Inbo ; Chung, Jin-Young ; Sim, Chang Sun ; Lee, Hyun Jin ; Kim, Yangho ; Lee, Jiho 2016. "The Relationship between the Prevalence of Allergic Diseases and Urinary Cadmium Concentrations among School-age Children in Two Regions in Ulsan Metropolitan City" 韓國環境保健學會誌 = Journal of environmental health sciences, 42(6): 396~408     

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