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대학생의 진로자기효능감이 위험감수수준에 미치는 영향
The Influence of Career Self-Efficacy on Risk Taking Level in University Students

김기승    (국제문화대학원대학교 선천적성상담  );
  • 초록

    본 연구는 대학생의 진로자기효능감이 위험감수수준에 미치는 영향을 분석하고자 진로에 관련하여 능동적 직업탐색의 근본이 되어주는 진로자기효능감을 자기평가, 목표설정, 직업정보, 문제해결의 4개 항목으로 설정하였으며, 위험감수수준은 직업선택, 금전관리, 인간관계의 3가지 항목으로 설정하였다. 본 연구를 위한 설문조사는 2011. 11. 26.~12. 17. 까지 3주간에 걸쳐 서울과 수도권 그리고 지방에 있는 4년제 대학생을 대상으로 실시하였고 450부의 설문지를 배포하여 이 중 유효한 402명을 연구대상으로 하였다. 진로자기효능감 중에서 자기평가 항목은 금전관리위험감수수준이 높은 군이 가장 유의한 영향을 보였고, 문제해결 항목은 직업선택위험감수수준과 인간관계위험감수수준이 높은 군에서 가장 유의한 영향을 보였다. 직업정보는 위험감수수준 전 항목에서 부(-)의 영향력을 끼치며 위험감수 수준이 낮은 연구대상일수록 직업정보에 더욱 적극적인 영향력을 미친다는 연구결과가 나왔다. 본 연구는 취업을 앞둔 대학생에게 직업유형에 따른 위험감수수준이라는 개인의 직무에 대한 보다 세분화된 분석 자료를 제공하고 직업탐색에 가장 기본적인 요소인 진로자기효능감에 대한 새로운 검증이라는 데에 의미가 있다.


    In order to analyze the influence of career self-efficacy on risk taking level in university students, career self-efficacy which becomes the basis of active occupational exploration was classified into four items including self evaluation, goal setting, occupational information and problem solving. Risk taking level was divided into three items of occupational selection, monetary management and human relation. 450 surveys were distributed to four-year university students in Seoul, capital area and rural area for three weeks from November 26 until December 17, 2011, among which 402 surveys were accepted as effective study subjects. Among items of career self-efficacy, most significant influence on self evaluation was shown in group with high risk taking level in monetary management, and problem solving had most significant influence in groups with high risk taking level in occupational selection and human relation. As a result, occupational information was found to have negative (-) influence on all items of risk taking level, with increasing degree of influence on occupational information for subjects showing lower degree of risk taking level. This study provides detailed analysis on individual's work task called risk taking level based on different occupational types, offering new verification of career self-efficacy as the most fundamental element of occupational exploration to university students looking for employment.


  • 주제어

    Career Self-Efficacy .   Risk Taking Level .   Occupational type.  

  • 참고문헌 (20)

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  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. Kim, Kyoung-Mi ; Bae, Young-Kwang ; Min, Yi-Seul ; Jang, Sung-Hwa 2014. "The Effect of Career Identity and Krumboltz's Task Approach Skills on Career Maturity, Career Barriers, and Career Aspiration" 한국콘텐츠학회논문지 = The Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 14(11): 497~508     

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