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Journal of communications and networks v.14 no.1, 2012년, pp.34 - 39   SCI SCIE 피인용횟수: 1
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Collision-Free Arbitration Protocol for Active RFID Systems

Wang, Honggang    (State Key Laboratory of Theory and Key Technologies of Integrated Services Networks, Xidian University   ); Pei, Changxing    (State Key Laboratory of Theory and Key Technologies of Integrated Services Networks, Xidian University   ); Su, Bo    (State Key Laboratory of Theory and Key Technologies of Integrated Services Networks, Xidian University  );
  • 초록

    Collisions between tags greatly reduce the identification speed in radio frequency identification (RFID) systems and increase communication overhead. In particular for an active RFID system, tags are powered by small batteries, and a large number of re-transmissions caused by collisions can deteriorate and exhaust the tag energy which may result in missing tags. An efficient collision-free arbitration protocol for active RFID systems is proposed in this paper. In this protocol, a new mechanism involving collision detection, collision avoidance, and fast tag access is introduced. Specifically, the pulse burst duration and busy-tone-detection delay are introduced between the preamble and data portion of a tag-to-reader (T-R) frame. The reader identifies tag collision by detecting pulses and transmits a busy tone to avoid unnecessary transmission when collision occurs. A polling process is then designed to quickly access the collided tags. It is shown that the use of the proposed protocol results in a system throughput of 0.612, which is an obvious improvement when compared to the framed-slotted ALOHA (FSA) arbitration protocol for ISO/IEC 18000-7 standard. Furthermore, the proposed protocol greatly reduces communication overhead, which leads to energy conservation.


  • 주제어

    ALOHA .   collision .   radio frequency identification (RFID).  

  • 참고문헌 (15)

    1. C. Law,K. Lee, andK. Y. Siu, "Efficient memoryless protocol for tag identification," in Proc. Int. Workshop on Discrete Algorithms and Methods for Mobile Computing and Communications, USA, Aug. 2000, pp. 75-84. 
    2. R. Don and C.W. Hush, "Analysis of tree algorithms for RFID arbitration," in Proc. IEEE ISIT, USA, Aug. 1998, pp. 107-116. 
    3. H. Vogt, "Efficient object identification with passive RFID tags," in Proc. Int. Conf. Pervasive Comput., Swiss, Aug. 2002, pp. 98-113. 
    4. J. Cha and J. Kim, "Novel anti-collision algorithms for fast object identification in RFID system," in Proc. Int. Conf. Parallel Distrib. Syst., Japan, July 2005, pp. 63-67. 
    5. B. Zhen, M. Kobayashi, and M. Shimizu, "Framed ALOHA for multiple RFID objects identification," IEICE Trans. Commun., vol. E88-B, no. 3, pp. 991-999, 2005. 
    6. C. Floerkemeier, "Bayesian transmission strategy for framed ALOHA based RFID protocols," in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. RFID, USA, Mar. 2007, pp. 228-235. 
    7. M. A. Bonuccelli and F. Lonetti, "Tree slotted aloha: A new protocol for tag identification in RFID Networks," in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. World of Wireless Mobile and Multimedia Networks, USA, June 2006, pp. 603-608. 
    8. J. Park, M. Y. Chung, and T. J. Lee, "Identification of RFID tags in framedslotted ALOHA with robust estimation and binary selection," IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 452-454, May 2007. 
    9. C. P.Wong and Q. Y. Feng, "Grouping based bit-slot ALOHA protocol for tag anti-collision in RFID systems," IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 946-948, Dec. 2007. 
    10. W. J. Shin and J. G. Kim, "A capture-aware access control method for enhanced RFID anti-collision performance," IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 354-356, May 2009. 
    11. ISO/IEC, "18000-6 Radio frequency for item management, Part 6: Parameters for air interface communications at 860 MHz to 960 MHz," p. 110, 2006. 
    12. ISO/IEC, "18000-7 Radio frequency for item management, Part 7: Parameters for an active RFID air interface communications at 433 MHz," p. 3, 2004. 
    13. Y. Maguire and R. Pappu, "An optimal Q-algorithm for the ISO 18000-6C RFID protocol," IEEE Trans. Autom. Sci. Eng., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 16-24, Jan. 2009. 
    14. Y.C.Ko, S.Roy, J. R. Smith, H.-W.Lee, and C.-H.Cho, "RFIDMACperformance evaluation based on ISO/IEC 18000-6 type C," IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 426-428, June 2008. 
    15. F. C. Schoute, "Dynamic frame length ALOHA," IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 565-568, Apr. 1983. 
  • 이 논문을 인용한 문헌 (1)

    1. Kim, Ji-Tae ; Kang, Byeong-Gwon ; Lee, Kang-Won 2014. "Implementation of Improved Frame Slotted ALOHA Algorithm for Fast Tag Collection in an Active RFID System" 한국통신학회논문지. The Journal of Korea Information and Communications Society. 네트워크 및 서비스, b39(9): 598~605     

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