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The journal of microbiology v.50 no.2, 2012년, pp.263 - 269   SCIE SCOPUS
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Morphological Structure of Propagules and Electrophoretic Karyotype Analysis of False Smut Villosiclava virens in Rice

Fu, Rongtao    (Rice research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University   ); Ding, Lei    (Rice research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University   ); Zhu, Jun    (Rice research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University   ); Li, Ping    (Rice research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University   ); Zheng, Ai-Ping    (Rice research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University  );
  • 초록

    The target pathogen Villosiclava virens (teleomorph: claviceps oryzae-sativae) was isolated from the infected rice, where it caused false smut. In our study, the forming processes of the chlamydospores, chlamydospore balls, conidiospores, and secondary conidiospores during the asexual reproduction were observed more precisely and in greater detail than previous descriptions. The microstructure of the infected rice kernel showed that the outer dense chlamydospores piled around the false smut balls grown on XBZ medium; moreover the sclerotia consisting of dense mycelium were found. The different morphology was observed across the different growing conditions. In addition, we observed the nuclear numbers of both the conidiospores and hyphae using 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining. Because the fungus has small chromosomes and the numbers were not previously known, we analyzed the electrophoretic karyotype using a pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) technique. The results showed that V. virens has at least 10 chromosomes ranging in size from 0.6 kb to 6 Mb. The V. virens genome size is estimated to be 23 Mb. Here, we report the morphological characteristics of the fungus and the process of asexual spores forming asexual propagules, along with the first analyze the molecular karyotype of V. virens. These results supply a foundation for further study of the pathogenicity and biology of this devastating pathogen.


  • 주제어

    false smut .   propagulum .   PFGE .   Ustilaginoidea virens .   XBZ medium.  

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