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Food science and biotechnology v.21 no.2, 2012년, pp.531 - 541   SCIE SCOPUS
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Volatile Chemical and Carotenoid Profiles in Watermelons [Citrullus vulgaris (Thunb.) Schrad (Cucurbitaceae)] with Different Flesh Colors

Liu, Cuihua    (Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology (Ministry of Education), College of Horticulture and Forestry, Huazhong Agricultural University   ); Zhang, Hongyan    (Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology (Ministry of Education), College of Horticulture and Forestry, Huazhong Agricultural University   ); Dai, Zhaoyi    (Institute of Economic Crops, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences   ); Liu, Xi    (Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology (Ministry of Education), College of Horticulture and Forestry, Huazhong Agricultural University   ); Liu, Yue    (Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology (Ministry of Education), College of Horticulture and Forestry, Huazhong Agricultural University   ); Deng, Xiuxin    (Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology (Ministry of Education), College of Horticulture and Forestry, Huazhong Agricultural University   ); Chen, Feng    (Department of Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences, Clemson University   ); Xu, Juan    (Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology (Ministry of Education), College of Horticulture and Forestry, Huazhong Agricultural Uni  );
  • 초록

    Twelve watermelon [Citrullus vulgaris (Thunb.) Schrad (Cucurbitaceae)] cultivars with different flesh colors were analyzed by HPLC, GC-FID, and GC-MS for their differences in carotenoid, soluble sugar, organic acid, and flavor. Results showed that all-trans violaxanthin, 9-cis-violaxanthin, and luteoxanthin were the main carotenoid esters in watermelons with yellow flesh. However, watermelons with red flesh were rich in all-trans lycopene and their cis-isomers. High concentrations of ${\beta}$ -carotene and pro-lycopenes were found in watermelon with orange-yellow flesh. Large variations in the sucrose concentration were observed among the different watermelons. Sucrose and/or fructose were the dominant sugars, while citric acid and malic acid were the main organic acids in watermelon flesh. Limonene was detected in the watermelon flesh of all investigated genotypes. Interestingly, partial correlation analysis of the chemical concentrations revealed 2 significant (p ${\beta}$ -ionone and ${\beta}$ -carotene, and between (E)-geranyl acetone and prolycopenes.

  • 주제어

    watermelon .   carotenoid .   flavor .   HPLC .   GC-MS.  

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