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드라이빙 시뮬레이터 주행과 현장주행시 운전자 반응 비교 연구
Comparative Study on Difference in Driver's Workload between Driving Simulator and Field Driving in Tunnel, Highway

김현진   (교통안전공단 교통조사평가처  ); 김주영   (교통안전공단 교통안전연구처  ); 최경임   (교통안전공단 교통안전교육처  ); 주재홍   (교통안전공단 교통운영처  ); 오철   (한양대학교 교통물류공학과  );
  • 초록

    PURPOSES : This study analyzed the difference in a driver's workload between using a driving simulator and field driving in tunnel, highway. METHODS : Based on the literature review, it was found that a driver's workload could be quantified using biosignals. This study analyzed the biosignal data of 30 participants using data collected while they were using a driving simulator and during a field test involving tunnel driving. Relative energy parameter was used for biosignal analysis. RESULTS : The driver's workload was different between the driving simulator and field driving in tunnels, highway. Compared with the driving simulator test, the driver's workload exhibited high value in field driving. This result was significant at the 0.05 level. The same result was observed before the tunnel entrance section and 200 m after the entrance section. CONCLUSIONS : This study demonstrates the driving simulator effect that drivers feel safer and more comfortable using a driving simulator than during a field test. Future studies should be designed considering the result of this study, age, type of simulator, study site and so on.


  • 주제어

    Human factor  . Driving simulator  . Field  . Driver  . Workload  . Tunnel  .

  • 참고문헌 (13)

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    9. Leonard Evans (1991). "Traffic Safety and the Driver", Van Nostrand Reinhold, NY, pp.109-114. 
    10. Motoyuki, Nobuhiro (2003). "Simulator study on driver's behavior while driving through a tunnel in a rolling area", DSC North America 2003 Proceedings, United states. 
    11. Park, Jinho, Lim.Joonbeom, Joo.Sungkab, Lee, Soobeom (2015). "A study on the compensation of the difference of driving behavior between the driving vehicle and driving simulator", Int.J. Highw.Eng. Vol 17, No.2, pp.107-122 (in Korean). 
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