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Suspected Case of Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency in a Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)

Rhim, Haerin   (Laboratory of Wildlife Medicine/Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University  ); Han, Jae-Ik   (Laboratory of Wildlife Medicine/Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University  );
  • 초록

    A 1-year-old, female Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) presented signs of weight loss and dark browncolored diarrhea. On fecal examination, numerous intact and broken red blood cells were found, but both parasites and inflammatory signs were absent. No significant findings were seen in serum biochemistry profiles, including electrolytes, with negative feline pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (fPLI). Diagnostic kits using feces or peripheral blood were negative for feline parvovirus, feline coronavirus, feline immunodeficiency virus, and feline leukemia virus. Based on the result of feline trypsin-like immunoreactivity (fTLI) concentration ( $4.6{\mu}g/L$ ), the tiger was provisionally diagnosed to have exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI). After this diagnosis, pancreatic enzymes were prescribed. The feces of the tiger returned to normal form and her weight was increasing. EPI is uncommon and not described extensively in Felidae, including domestic cats. Feline EPI is associated with a variety of non-specific signs and it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cases presenting with weight loss, diarrhea, and other gastrointestinal signs. In this case, the patient was strongly suspected to have EPI based on the very low fTLI concentration, though the concentration of fTLI in tigers has not yet been determined. This is the first report to present a suspected EPI case in Bengal tigers.


  • 주제어

    tiger .   weight loss .   diarrhea .   TLI .   EPI.  

  • 참고문헌 (19)

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