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Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea = 大韓人間工學會誌 v.37 no.5, 2018년, pp.609 - 616  
본 등재정보는 저널의 등재정보를 참고하여 보여주는 베타서비스로 정확한 논문의 등재여부는 등재기관에 확인하시기 바랍니다.

운전자의 방향지시등 사용에 영향을 주는 요인들
Factors Influencing on Drivers' Turn Signal Light Usage

홍승권   (한국교통대학교 산업경영공학전공  ); 김정식   (한국교통대학교 산업경영공학전공  );
  • 초록

    Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate several factors that affect the drivers' turn signal light usage. Background: If drivers' use of the turn signals increases, the traffic accident rate can be significantly lowered. Many countries are making a variety of efforts to increase the driver's use of turn signals. However, studies on factors affecting the use of turn signal lights have not yet been conducted in various ways. Method: Observational study and questionnaire study were conducted together. In the observational study, we observed how the turn signal usage rate varied by six variables; four situations in which the driver should use the turn signal lights, the driving time, the driving location, the driver's use of the safety seat belt, the driver's sex and whether or not the vehicle in front of the observed vehicle uses turn signal lights. In the questionnaire study, participants were asked two questions; of the situations in which the driver must use the turn signal lights, the situation with the highest priority and why not using the turn signal lights. Results: As a result of observational study, the usage rate of turn signal light was 67.3%. According to the result of the Chi-square test, the usage rate of the turn signal light was different according to five factors among the six factors. There was no difference in the usage rate of turn signal light according to driver's sex. The results of the questionnaire study showed that the priority of using turn signal lights was lowest in the situation of lane change and that the most important reason why drivers do not use turn signal lights was that there is no rear vehicle. Conclusion: According to the observational study, drivers' turn signal light usage was variable due to various factors. This may be because many drivers do not use the turn signal lights unconsciously and tend to use the turn signal lights selectively depending on the circumstances. The tendency to use no turn signal in the absence of the following vehicle, as shown in the results of the survey, also mean that drivers do not unconsciously use turn signals. In order to improve the level of traffic safety, it is necessary to increase the factors that have a positive effect on the usage rate of the turn signal lights, and at the same time encourage drivers to use the turn signal lights habitually. Application: The results of this research can be useful in designing a plan to increase the driver's turn signal light usage rate.


  • 주제어

    Turn signal light .   Traffic safety .   Observation study .   Lane change .   Left turn lane.  

  • 참고문헌 (13)

    1. Dinh-Zarr, T.B., Sleet, D.A., Shults, R.A., Zaza, S., Elder, R.W., Nichols, J.L., Thompson, R.S. and Sosin, D.M., Reviews of Evidence Regarding Interventions to Increase the Use of Safety Belts, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 21(4S), 48-65, 2001. 
    2. Drury, C.G. and Drake, M.L., Demographic effects of behavior modeling in seat belt use: Analysis of 15,000 observations, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting, 1030-1734, 2002. 
    3. Farrell, L.V., Cox, M.G. and Geller, E.S., Prompting safety-belt use in the context of a belt-use law: the flash-for life revisited. Journal Safety Research, 38, 407-411, 2007. 
    4. Faw, H.W., To signal or not to signal: That should not be the question, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 59, 374-381, 2013. 
    5. Hong, S.K., Seat belt usage rate and unconscious behavior in the fastening process, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, 29(6), 959-964, 2010. 
    6. Hong, S.K, Kim, D., Kritkausky, K. and Rashid, R., Effects of imitative behavior on seat belt usage: three field observational studies. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 42"d Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL, 1093-1097, 1998. 
    7. Kim, T.Y. and Park, B.H., Analysis of accident factors based on changing patterns of traffic culture index, Journal of Korean Society of Safety, 33(3), 77-82, 2018. 
    8. Korea Transportation Safety Authority, Traffic Culture Index Survey, 2017a. 
    9. Korea Transportation Safety Authority, Traffic Accident Analysis System (TAAS) Home page, http://taas.koroad.or.kr (retrieved 2017), 2017b. 
    10. Ponziani, R., Turn signal usage rate results: a comprehensive field study of 12,000 observed turning vehicles. SAE Research Report 2012-01-0261, 2012. 
    11. Response Insurance, Survey explains why drivers are not turned on by using signals, 2006. 
    12. Simsekoglu, O. and Lajunen, T., Social psychology of seat belt use: a comparison of theory of planned behavior and health belief model. Transportation Research. Part F 11, 181-191, 2008. 
    13. Zhang, W., Huang, Y., Roetting, M., Wang, Y. and Wei, H., Driver's views and behaviors about safety in China-what do they NOT know about driving? Accident Analysis and Prevention, 38, 22-27, 2006. 

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