Inhibition of mitogenesis and c-fos induction in mesangial cells by heparin and heparan sulfates.
When rat renal mesangial cells (RMC) or vascular smooth muscle cells are released from quiescence by serum stimulation they express c-fos mRNA transiently at 30 to 60 minutes and progress in synchrony to S phase. Heparin causes significant suppression of [3H]-thymidine incorporation into DNA in S phase and a decrease and delay of entry of cells into S/G2. Added at the time of serum stimulation, heparin (1 microgram/ml or less) causes a decrease in the subsequent expression of c-fos mRNA in RMC, and a similar effect is observed with heparan sulfate chains isolated from RMC-cultures themselves. Although these cells internalize and degrade heparin, the timing of the maximal effect indicates an extracellular action of heparin. In keeping with this idea, 125I-heparin binds specifically to a single class of high affinity sites on the cell surface. The effect of heparin on c-fos induction may be independent of interaction with cytokines or cytokine receptors; its magnitude is not diminished when heparin-binding substances are removed from serum by heparin-Sepharose. Furthermore, direct activation of protein kinase C (PKC) with a phorbol ester in the absence of serum likewise induces c-fos and 1 microgram/ml heparin inhibits this response by 65%. Phorbol ester caused an increase in the proportion of histone H1-active PKC associated with the cell membrane fraction, from approximately 25% to 70% of total activity. Heparin affected neither the total activity of the kinase nor the proportion associated with the membrane. When PKC was inhibited with staurosporine, only very low levels of c-fos were induced by serum. We conclude that low concentrations of heparin and heparan sulfate suppress the mitogenic response of mesangial cells to serum and inhibit c-fos mRNA induction through an effect of cell surface-bound glycosaminoglycan on a signalling pathway downstream of PKC.
- 원문이 없습니다.
유료 다운로드의 경우 해당 사이트의 정책에 따라 신규 회원가입, 로그인, 유료 구매 등이 필요할 수 있습니다. 해당 사이트에서 발생하는 귀하의 모든 정보활동은 NDSL의 서비스 정책과 무관합니다.
원문복사신청을 하시면, 일부 해외 인쇄학술지의 경우 외국학술지지원센터(FRIC)에서
무료 원문복사 서비스를 제공합니다.
NDSL에서는 해당 원문을 복사서비스하고 있습니다. 위의 원문복사신청 또는 장바구니 담기를 통하여 원문복사서비스 이용이 가능합니다.
- 이 논문과 함께 출판된 논문 + 더보기