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Kidney international v.49 no.2, 1996년, pp.571 - 577  

Angiotensin converting enzyme gene polymorphism: potential silencer motif and impact on progression in IgA nephropathy.

Hunley, T E ; Julian, B A ; Phillips, J A ; Summar, M L ; Yoshida, H ; Horn, R G ; Brown, N J ; Fogo, A ; Ichikawa, I ; Kon, V ;
  • 초록  

    Since the renin angiotensin system (RAS) is established as an important factor in renal disease progression, we determined whether RAS alleles that have been linked to variability in outcome in several cardiovascular diseases also affect progression of IgA nephropathy. These genetic variants include: (1) angiotensin I converting enzyme deletion polymorphism in intron 16 (ACE I/D), reported to be associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction as well as left ventricular hypertrophy; (2) a point mutation in the angiotensinogen (Agt) gene resulting in a methionine to threonine substitution at residue 235 (M235T), reported to be associated with hypertension in Caucasians; and (3) an angiotensin receptor type I (ATR) A to C transition at bp 1166 (A1166C) which shows synergy with the deleterious effects of the ACE DD genotype in myocardial infarction. We examined these polymorphisms by PCR amplification of genomic DNA samples from 64 Caucasian patients in the USA (age 6 to 83 years) with biopsy-proven IgA nephropathy whose renal status was followed for an average of almost seven years. Patients who presented with and maintained normal serum creatinine (Cr,


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