A longitudinal study of the natural history of growth post-transplantation.
We have evaluated 587 patients with a functioning renal allograft for at least 54 months in whom baseline and continuous bi-annual height measurements were available. All height data were converted into SD score (SDS) or Z-score using normative tables. The results obtained in these patients were compared to our previous data collected at two years (N = 300) and three years (N = 412) post-transplantation. The demography of the study groups in the three time periods was similar. The height deficit in the first study was -2.41; it was -2.46 at the end of the second study period and was -2.29 at the end of the third study period. Children in the first study period had an improvement in height SDS (delta Z) of +0.18, of +0.16 in the second period, and of +0.11 at the end of the third study period. When improvement in height SD was evaluated by donor source, no differences were noted between living related and cadaver donor transplants. Analysis of height SDS by race revealed that, whereas for Caucasian children a steady improvement of 0.18 was noted during both second and third study periods, there was actual deceleration of growth for the African-American and Hispanic children at the end of the third study period (P
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